Eisenach’s town centre, viewed from the west, 2009, by
My Maternal Eleventh Great Grandfather Johannes Lindemann, Sr.
Born: 1380 in Eisenach, Thuringen, Deutschland.
Died: before 1480 in Eisenach, Thuringia, Germany.
Married: about 1420 in Eisenach, Thuringia, Germany to unknown.
Child: Johannes Lindemann, Jr.
Eisenach, Town in Germany. Eisenach is a town in Thuringia, Germany with 42,000 inhabitants, located 50 kilometres west of Erfurt, 70 km southeast of Kassel and 150 km northeast of Frankfurt. Wikipedia
Eisenach, Thuringen, Germany, in 1647
The confident citizens of Eisenach fought against the Wettin’s rule to become a free imperial city between 1306 and 1308, but lost. In the 14th century various crises followed: in 1342, a big fire destroyed nearly all the buildings and the Black Death killed many inhabitants in 1349 and 1393. Since 1406, Eisenach was no longer a Wettin residence, which led to a decline in urban development.
Between 1498 and 1501, the young Martin Luther attended the St. George’s Latin school in Eisenach in preparation for his following studies at the University of Erfurt. In 1521/22 he was hidden by Frederick the Wise at Wartburg castle to protect him from the Imperial ban. In that time, Luther translated the New Testament from Greek into German, in what was an important step both for the German Reformation and the development of a consistent German standard language. Luther referred to Eisenach as ein Pfaffennest (“a clerical backwater”), since during his time there were 300 monks and nuns per 1,000 inhabitants.