My Maternal Aunt Yvonne Phyllis Linderman Burgess Levesque

New York-Dec. 2000-Tina Carusillo, Yvonne Levesque, Jean Mancill, Becky Burgess, & Connie Burgess

Tina Carusillo, Yvonne Levesque, Jean Mancill, Becky Burgess, Connie Burgess,

New York, New York, December 2000.

Connie Burgess, Jean Mancill, Yvonne Levesque, and Becky Burgess, New York trip, December 2000.

Birth:  Jun. 17, 1924
Dubuque
Dubuque County
Iowa, USA
Death:  Mar. 25, 2010
Houston
Harris County
Texas, USA

Eagle Point Park, Dubuque, Dubuque, Iowa, July 4, 1936. Children above: (front row)Yvonne & Billie Linderman, Shirley Nelson, Jean Linderman, Mary Bender, Barbara Bender. (front row) Patsy Linderman, Jimmy Nelson, Anita Ayala, Dicky Nelson, & Audrey Ayala.

Decoration Day, Eagle Point Park, Dubuque, Dubuque, Iowa, 1937, Barbara Bender, Shirley Nelson, Yvonne Linderman(the tallest girl in back row), Billie Linderman(on left of her), and Jean Linderman (on right of her behind the front row) with flowered dress.

Yvonne Phyllis Linderman (Burgess) (Levesque), daughter of Harry William Linderman & Phyllis (Birth spelling: Phylis) Eugenia Adele “Phyl” (Palen) Linderman, named for her Mother.
Born in Dubuque, Dubuque, Iowa. Christened in June 1924 Dubuque, Iowa at the Lutheran Church.

Graduated from Westfield High School in May 1942, Westfield, Indiana.

Sister of Yvarra (Billie) Irene Linderman Jackson, Jean Marie Linderman Frederick Mancill, and Patricia (Patsy) Mae Linderman Cooke.

Phyllis Eugenia Palen Linderman, Sept. 1928, Yvonne, Billie, & Jean (baby) Linderman, Dubuque, Dubuque, Iowa.

First husband: Albert “Al” George Burgess, married November 20, 1943 in Westfield, Indiana. Divorced: 1960 in Dade County, Florida.

Children: William “Bill” George, Peter Franklin “Pete”, & Paul Howard Burgess.

Second husband: Colby Edrian Levesque, married 17 June 1960 in Miami, Dade County, Florida.

Children: Cynthia Ann (McKinney), Tina Marie (Carusillo), & Edward Harry Levesque.

Divorced: 19 September 1968 in Houston, Harris County, Texas.

Aunt Yvonne worked for American General Life Insurance, Houston, Texas up until she retired.

Graduated in May 1980 from Houston Community College, Houston, Harris, Texas as a Paralegal.

If it weren’t for my dear Aunt Yvonne, we would not have been blessed to be able to adopt my son, in 1982. She always had a big heart, and she took in a friend of her daughter, Cynthia. The woman had lost her job, was 7 months pregnant, living in her car, and the car was being repossessed because she couldn’t afford the payments. She told us that she was raped. She didn’t know who the Father was and told my Aunt that she never wanted any children, and that she was just going to leave the baby at the hospital. Since she told my Aunt, that she asked if she would consider allowing her niece and her husband to adopt the baby. She agreed. We paid all her medical expenses, and she kept her word, and allowed us to adopt him. God blessed me with a good-hearted Aunt, who tried to help others. And…a beautiful baby boy.
Poor Aunt Yvonne suffered from Alzheimer’s Disease in the last few years of her life. She resided with her son Edward Harry Levesque in Houston, TX up until he could no longer care for her, and she was moved to Garden Terrace Alzheimer’s Center in Houston, Texas.

Yvonne Phyllis Linderman Burgess Levesque, 11039 Lafferty Oaks Street, Houston, Harris, Texas 77013, Jan. 27, 2006. (on left) Leonard Ross Tudor, and Stefanie Hyden Bush.

Yvonne Phyllis Linderman Burgess Levesque & Tina Maria Levesque Carusillo, Houston, Texas, about 2008.

“Yvonne Phyllis Linderman Burgess Levesque

Born in Dubuque, Iowa on Jun. 17, 1924

Departed on Mar. 25, 2010 and resided in Houston, TX.

Service: Saturday, Mar. 27, 20104:00 pm

Cemetery: Oaklawn Cemetery, Somerville, TX.Yvonne Phyllis Levesque

June 17, 1924 ~ March 25, 2010  ~Graveside services for Yvonne Phyllis Levesque, 85, of Houston, are set for 4:00 p.m. Saturday, March 27, 2010 at Section S-4 of Oaklawn Cemetery in Somerville with Rev. Virgil Pecht officiating. Interment will follow.

Mrs. Levesque died Thursday at Garden Terrace Alzheimer’s Center in Houston. She was born June 17, 1924 in Dubuque, Iowa, the daughter of Harry and Phyllis Palen Linderman. She started out as a Secretary and then worked as a Paralegal for American General Insurance, Houston, Harris, Texas. She was preceded in death by her parents; her first husband, Albert George Burgess; a son, Peter Franklin Burgess; second husband Colby Edrian Levesque; and two sisters, Yvarra Irene “Billie” Linderman Jackson and Patricia Mae “Patsy” Linderman Cooke.

Survivors include her sons and daughter-in-law, William George and Rebecca Fey Burgess of San Saba, Paul Howard Burgess of Houston and Edward Harry Levesque of Houston; daughters and sons-in-law, Cynthia Ann and Ken McKinney of Scottsdale, Arizona and Tina Maria and Michael Carusillo of Huntersville, North Carolina; a sister, Jean Marie Linderman Frederick Mancill of Houston; twelve grandchildren and fifteen great-grandchildren. Family members have requested that memorials be made to the Alzheimer’s Association. Arrangements have been entrusted to Strickland Funeral Home in Somerville, Burleson, Texas.” 

Yvonne Linderman is the tallest girl in dress (sixth girl to the right), Billie Linderman is on the left of her (with the cap), on the right of her is Patsy Linderman (with something in her hands)then Jean Linderman (with the print dress), @ Eagle Point Park, Dubuque, Dubuque, Iowa.

Family links: 
 Parents:
  Harry William Linderman (1903 – 1995)
  Phyllis Eugenia Palen Linderman (1904 – 1963)
 
 Spouses:
  Albert George Burgess (1919 – 1967)
  Colby Edrian Levesque (1918 – 1993)

Children:
  Peter Franklin Burgess (1946 – 1967)
 
 Siblings:
  Yvarra Irene Linderman Jackson (1925 – 1985)
  Jean Marie Linderman Mancill (1927 – 2012)
  Patricia Mae Linderman Cooke (1929 – 2000)

Note: No headstone-buried behind her sister Yvarra and brother-in-law Kenneth Jackson.

(front row left to right) Yvonne Linderman, Dickie and Roy Nelson, Patsy Linderman, Jean Linderman, and Billie Linderman (on end).
(back row) Eppie, Art, and Anita Ayala, Gladys, Edward, Harry, and Phyllis Linderman. Brown State Park, Indiana, c. 1940’s

Burial:
Oaklawn Cemetery
Somerville
Burleson County
Texas, USA
Plot: Jackson Family
 

Yvonne Phyllis Linderman Burgess Levesque, Oaklawn Cemetery, Somerville, Texas, March 27, 2010. There is no marker for her grave.

Created by: TEXAS TUDORS
Record added: Mar 29, 2010
Find A Grave Memorial# 50395980

Findagrave Memorial

Oaklawn Cemetery entry, Somerville, Burleson, Texas, April 26, 2010

My Sixth Great German Grandfather, Johann Justus Linderman

Mühlhausen, Unstrut-Hainich-Kreis, Thuringia, Germany

Muhlhausen, Unstrut-Hainich-Kreis, Thuringia, Germany

Birth:  Aug. 2, 1690
Unstrut-Hainich-Kreis
Thüringen, Germany
Death:  Nov. 16, 1769
Coventryville
Chester County
Pennsylvania, USA
sehenswuerdigkeiten-muehlhausen-Unstrut-Hainich-Kreis-reisetipps-thueringen-reisetipps-deutschland-gasse

Son of Mr. & Mrs. Justus “Just” Linderman (aka Lindeman) of Dachrieden, Thuringia, Germany.

Born: Muehlhausen, Thuringia, Germany on 2 August 1690.

steinerne-werrabruecke-bei-creuzburg
Married: Anna Elizabeth Imsweiler (Imbsweiler) on 3 January 1719 in Obermoschel, Pfalz, Bavaria, Germany.

Johann Justus LINDERMANN (b. 02 Aug 1690, d. 04 Nov 1769)

Johann Justus LINDEMANN (son of Justus LINDEMANN and unknown) was born 02 Aug 1690 in Muhlhausen, Sachsen, Prussia, Germany.

Died: 04 Nov 1769 in Coventry Township, Chester, Pennsylvania.

Married: Anna Elisabetha IMBSWEILER on Bet. 03 Jan 1718 – Jan 1719 in Unkenbach, Pfalz, Germany, daughter of Johannes Georg IMBSWEILER and Maria Elisabetha SCHNEIDER.

Notes: for Johann Justus LINDEMANN: Weaver of Linen. His birthplace is also listed as Dachrieden, Unstrut-Hainrich-Kreis, Thuringia, Germany. Will dated: 16 Sept 1762,

All of his children were born in Unkenbach and christened in Obermoschel. He attended the Lutheran Church at Trappe, Montgomery, PA.

More About Johann Justus LINDEMANN and Anna Elisabetha IMBSWEILER:
Marriage: Bet. 03 Jan 1718 – Jan 1719, Unkenbach, Pfalz, Germany.

Children of Johann Justus LINDEMANN and Anna Elisabetha IMBSWEILER are:

+Johan Heinrich LINDEMANN, b. 14 Apr 1723, Unkenbach, Pfalz, Germany, d. 14 Jul 1800, Greenville, SC. 

Family links:
 Parents:
  Justus Lindemann (1650 – 1714)
  Maria Elisabeth Lindemann (1650 – 1696)
 
 Spouse:
  Anna Elisabethae Imbsweiler Lindemann (1700 – 1782)
 
 Children:
  Johann Jacob Linderman (1720 – 1792)
  Johan Heinrich Linderman (1722 – 1800)

ID: I30763, Name: Johann Justus Linderman, Sex: M

Birth: 2 AUG 1690 in Dachrieden, Unstrut-Hainich-Kreis, Thuringen, Germany

Death: 16 NOV 1769 in North Coventry, Chester, PA

_FA6: 25 NOV 1740, Arrived on the “Loyal Judith” from the Palatine

Note:  Justus Linderman

Name: Johann Justus LINDERMAN Johann Justus Linderman

Birth Date: 2 Aug 1691 (Germany)

Birth Place: Dachrieden, Thuringen, Germany Johann Heinrich Lenderman

Death Date: 16 Nov 1769 (Germany)

Death Place: North Coventry, Chester County, Pennsylvania Peter Lenderman

Father: Just LINDERMAN Henry Lenderman

Mother: Nfna LINDERMANNIN

Levi Lenderman

Spouse: Anna Elizabeth IMSWEILER (1697 – 1782)

Children: Benjamin Levi Lenamon, Charlotte,

Johann Jacob, Benjamin Bart Lenamon, Johan Heinrich (Henry), Maria Elizabeth Mary Beth Lenamon Fife, Johann Valentin, Catherine, Linda Carol Fife Butcher, Susannah Elizabeth, Johannes Frank Butcher, and Justus, Jr.

Justus Lindeman is noted as having arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on November 25, 1740 on the ship “Loyal Judith” with his two sons Jacob, 18, and Heinrich, 16. Justus himself was 49 years old at this time.

The ship came from Rotterdam, Holland but Justus and his sons were listed as coming from the village of Unkenbach, which is about 50 miles southwest of Frankfurt in the German State of Rheinland-Pfalz.

The Lindemans were part of a large immigration of Germans to Pennsylvania. During the early eighteenth century, thousands of families were forced to leave their homes in the Rhine section of Germany because of political, religious, and economic reasons. Passenger lists of this period show that quite a few of those people embarked on their voyage to America from ports in Holland as did the Linderman’s aboard the Loyal Judith.

From the Rhineland it was easier and closer to get to Rotterdam on the Dutch coast by boat on the Rhine River than to travel overland to German ports. This departure from Dutch ports is the reason those people were called Pennsylvania Dutch, even though they were of German origin.

A Johan Linderman owned 100 acres of land in the Hanover Township of Pennsylvania prior to 1734, and appears to be related to the Justus Lindeman family. If so, he must have preceded the Justus Lindeman family and his reports back to Germany probably encouraged Justus to make the move also.

German church records from Trappe, Pennsylvania in what was then Philadelphia County note that “beyond the Schuykill” on March 10, 1747 Johan Heinrich Lindeman, son of Justus Lindeman, married Anna Margretha Uhlin. A confirmation is recorded on May 7, 1747 for “Susannah Elizabeth Lindermann, daughter of Justus, age 13 years”. An interesting notation was added that “The father hurried her confirmation as he wanted her to be of his persuasion. She was very weak in her knowledge.” One possible inference is that the Lindermans did not attend church on a regular basis and failed to study the Bible and teach the faith to their children, but still desired that their children be Christians. A third reference in the church records was for the confirmation on Jun 1, 1760 of Justus Lindeman, son of Justus Lindeman, age 17 years. Justus Jr. would have been born three years after the arrival of the Lindeman family in Pennsylvania, and infers that Justus was accompanied by his wife aboard the Loyal Judith or followed him shortly after that.

Justus died at the age of 78 in Pennsylvania. His wife, Anna Elizabeth, apparently joined the families of her children who migrated south, and died at the age of 85 in Greenville, South Carolina. Source: Frank Butcher, April, 2002

Justus Linderman

Information for this article comes mostly from the research of Howard Hazelwood as reported in the Lenamon-Lenamond Newsletter, and from the research of Margene Black and Ranelle Brown as written in the book Lenderman Links. Dachrieden, in the German state of Thuringen, 2001.

Located about 90 miles northeast of Frankfurt, Dachrieden was the birthplace of Johann Justus Linderman and his father, Just Linderman. (Pronounce Dashreden)

UID: 6FE85CF8C4234386BFC60FEDE03E05BEBD8C, Change Date: 11 AUG 2012.

Father: Just Linderman b: ABT 1640 in Dachrieden, Unstrut-Hainich-Kreis, Thuringen, Germany

Mother: Just Lindermann in b: ABT 1649 in Germany

Marriage 1: Anna Elizabeth Imsweiler b: 7 MAY 1697 in Unkenbach, Donnersbergkreis, Reinland-Pfalz, Germany

Married: 3 JAN 1717 in Obermoschel, Pfalz, Bayern, Germany

Children: Charlotte Linderman b: 1719 in Unkenbach, Pfalz, Germany,

Johann Jacob Linderman b: 30 NOV 1720 in Unkenbach, Pfalz, Germany,

John* Heinrich Linderman b: 16 APR 1722 in Unkenbach, Pfalz, Germany,

Maria Elizabeth Linderman b: 1 NOV 1724 in Unkenbach, Pfalz, Bayern, Germany,

Johann Adam Linderman b: 21 FEB 1726 in Germany,

Johann Valentin Linderman b: 30 MAR 1728 in Unkenback, Pfalz, Germany,

Susan Elizabeth Linderman b: 2 JAN 1732 in Unkenbach, Pfalz, Bayern, Germany,

Catherine Linderman b: 1733 in Unkenbach, Pfalz, Bayern, Germany,

Johannes Linderman b: 1 JAN 1736 in Obermoschel, Bayern, Germany,

Justus Linderman b: 1743 in Chester, Deleware, Pennsylvania.

Sources: Ancestry of Robert P. Lindeman

Died: 16 November 1769

Coventry Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania.

Coventryville Cemetery, South Coventryville, Chester County, Pennsylvania

 

Coventryville Cemetery is at Grace Road and Chestnut Hill Road in South Coventry Township, Chester Co., Pennsylvania. It is located at the former site of Grace M E Chapel.

added by: Lostnfog & family, 11/07/2006

Burial: 17 November 1769
Coventryville Methodist Cemetery
Chester County
Pennsylvania, USA

Created by: TEXAS TUDORS
Record added: Nov 23, 2012
Find A Grave Memorial# 101197421

My Maternal Fifth Great German Grandfather, Johann Jacob Linderman

Obermoschel, Germany

Obermoschel2, Germany

Wood carving2, Germany

Wood carving, Germany

 

Birth:  Dec. 20, 1720
Pfaffenhofen an der Ilm Landkreis
Bavaria (Bayern), Germany
Death:  Nov., 1792
Montgomery
Orange County
New York, USA

My maternal fifth great grandfather. Johann Jacob Lindemann (also spelled Lindermann, Linderman, and Lindeman), born 20 December 1720 in Obermoschel, Pfalz, Bavaria, Germany.

Christened: on 20 December 1720 in Obermoschel, Pfalz, Bavaria, Germany.

Emigrated on 25 August 1740 from Zweibrucken, Rhineland-Palatinate, Schwarzbach, Germany to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Arrived on 25 November 1740.
Resided in Germantown Township, Philadelphia Co, Pennsylvania in December 1740.

American Revolutionary War, 1776

JOHANN JACOB LINDERMAN SERVED IN THE AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY WAR BETWEEN 1775-1781. HE WAS IN THE COLONIAL PENNSYLVANIA ARMY.

THE U.S. ARMY

AMERICA’S FIRST NATIONAL INSTITUTION

Since its official establishment, June 14, 1775 — more than a year before the Declaration of Independence — the U.S. Army has played a vital role in the growth and development of the American nation. Drawing on both long-standing militia traditions and recently introduced professional standards, it won the new republic’s independence in an arduous eight-year struggle against Great Britain. At times, the Army provided the lone symbol of nationhood around which patriots rallied.

Johann Jacob Linderman, Revolutionary Soldier

WILL OF JOHANN JACOB LINDERMAN ON 13 APRIL 1792, OF MONTGOMERY, ULSTER COUNTY, NEW YORK.

WIFE: CATHARINE AND SONS; JUSTUS, EZEKIEL, CORNELIUS, JACOB; ALSO SON-IN-LAW: PETER BENSEL (Bentzel). DAUGHTERS: ELISABETH, SARAH, CATHARINE, MARY, PEGGY, AND GINNY.

American Revolutionary War Flag, 1776

Died in November 1792 in Montgomery, Orange Co, New York.

[Reason This Information Is Correct date: Executors appointed 10 November 1792 (see source that was recently added to view last will and testament)
place: As stated in the will “of the town of Montgomery, County of Ulster”, at the time the will was written and recorded, he lived in Ulster county, 22 August 2016 by Steve Hatchett]

Son of Johann Justus Linderman and Anna Elizabeth Imbsweiler.
Married: Catharine McLean in 1743 in Lancaster, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.

They had fourteen children: Johan Justus, Elisabeth (Bette), Cornelius Sr, (his twin) Cornelia, Jacob Jr, Peter, David, Henrik “Henry”, Sarah, Ezekiel, Peggy, Jason, Jenny, and Catharine Linderman. All were born in Montgomery Township, Orange County, New York. 

Family links: 
 Parents:
  Johann Justus Linderman (1690 – 1769)
  Anna Elisabethae Imbsweiler Linderman (1700 – 1782)
 
 Spouse:
  Catherine Mc Lean Linderman (1724 – 1792)
 
 Children:
  Elizabeth Linderman Bentzel (1754 – 1845)
  Cornelius Linderman (1756 – 1848)
  Peter Linderman (1757 – 1848)
  Ezekiel Linderman (1768 – 1848)
  Jason Linderman (1772 – 1872)
  Mary Linderman Osmun (1773 – 1850)
 
 Sibling:
  Johann Jacob Linderman (1720 – 1792)
  Johan Heinrich Linderman (1722 – 1800)
 
Inscription:
I don’t think that there is a headstone.

Burial:
Germantown Cemetery
Montgomery
Orange County
New York, USA
Germantown Cemetery, NY 
 Created by: TEXAS TUDORS
Record added: Nov 23, 2012
Find A Grave Memorial# 101180416

 Germantown Cemetery

Montgomery, Orange County, New York  USA
Cemetery notes and/or description:
Site of the Hebron Lutheran Church and Burial Ground (Harrison Meeting). Log church built by Palatine Germans. Destroyed prior to American Revolution. Among those buried here are members of the Bookstaver, Miller, Mould, Risely, Shafer, Smith, and Youngblood families. “These were the people who conquered a virgin wilderness and gave their lives to establish our great nation and the town of Montgomery.” Most stones are unmarked.

My Sixth Great Maternal Grandmother, Anna Elizabethae Imbsweiler Linderman

Image result for obermoschel, pfalz, bavaria (bayern), germany

Image result for obermoschel, pfalz, bavaria (bayern), germany

Obermoschel, Bavaria, Germany

My sixth great maternal German grandmother, Anna Elizabethae Imbsweiler.

Daughter of Johannes Georg Imbsweiler and Maria Elizabetha Schneider.

Married: Johann Justus Linderman (Lindemann) on 3 January 1719 in Obermoschel, Pfalz, Bavaria, Germany.

Emigrated: 25 August 1740 from Zweibrucken, Rhineland-Palatinate, Schwarzbach, Germany to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Naturalized: 25 November 1740 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Image result for Port Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Resided: December 1740 in Germantown Township, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Rootsweb website:

Name: Anna Elisabetha IMBSWEILER

Sex: F

Birth: 12 MAY 1700 in Unkenbach,Pfalz,Germany

Death: 17 MAY 1782 in North Coventry,Chester,PA

Note:

Her birth date is also listed as 7 May 1697 and 12 Mar 1699

Father: Johannes Georg IMBSWEILER b: 18 MAY 1669 in Unkenbach,Pfalz,Germany

Mother: Maria Elisabetha SCHNEIDER b: 10 FEB 1674/1675 in Unkenbach,Pfalz,Germany

Marriage 1 Johann Justus LINDEMANN b: 2 AUG 1690 in Muhlhausen,Sachsen,Prussia,Germany

Married: 3 JAN 1719 in Unkenbach,Pfalz,Germany

Image result for Unkenbach,Pfalz,Bayern,Germany

Unkenbach is a municipality in the Donnersbergkreis in Rheinland-Pfalz . You heard the alsenz-obermoschel at which its administrative headquarters in the municipality Alsenz has. source: Wikipedia

Children:

Charlotte LINDEMANN b: Abt 1719 Unkenbach, Pfalz, Bayern, Germany

Johann Jacob LINDEMANN b: 20 NOV 1720 Unkenbach,Pfalz,Bayern,Germany

Johan Heinrich LINDEMANN b: 14 APR 1723 Unkenbach,Pfalz,Germany

Maria Elisabetha LINDEMANN b: 1 NOV 1724 Unkenbach,Pfalz,Bayern,Germany

Johann Adam LINDEMANN b: 21 FEB 1727 Unkenbach,Pfalz,Bayern,Germany

Johann Valentin LINDEMANN b: Abt 1728 Unkenbach,Pfalz,Bayern,Germany

Marie Elisabetha LINDEMANN b: 6 JAN 1730 Unkenbach,Pfalz,Bayern,Germany

Susannah Elizabeth LINDEMANN b: 2 JAN 1732 Unkenbach,Pfalz,Bayern,Germany

Catherine LINDEMANN b: Abt 1733 Unkenbach,Pfalz,Bayern,Germany

Johannes LINDEMANN b: 2 JAN 1737 Unkenbach,Pfalz,Bayern,Germany

Johan Justus LINDEMANN b: 1 JAN 1743 Germantown,Chester, PA

Spouse:
Johann Justus Lindemann (1690 – 1769)

Children:
Johann Jacob Linderman (1720 – 1792)
Johan Heinrich Linderman (1722 – 1800)

Burial:
Coventry Church of the Brethren Cemetery
North Coventry Township
Chester County
Pennsylvania, USA
Created by: TEXAS TUDORS
Record added: Nov 23, 2012
Find A Grave Memorial# 101198038

 

My Sixth Great Maternal German Grandmother, Anna Elizabethae (Imbsweiler) Linderman

Image result for obermoschel, pfalz, bavaria (bayern), germany

Obermoschel, Pfalz, Bavaria (Bayern), Germany

My sixth great maternal German grandmother, Anna Elizabethae Imbsweiler.

Daughter of Johannes Georg Imbsweiler and Maria Elizabetha Schneider.

Married: Johann Justus Linderman (Lindemann) on 3 January 1719 in Obermoschel, Pfalz, Bavaria, Germany.

Image result for obermoschel, pfalz, bavaria (bayern), germany

Lindau Lake, Bavaria, Germany

Emigrated: 25 August 1740 from Zweibrucken, Rhineland-Palatinate, Schwarzbach, Germany to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Naturalized: 25 November 1740 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Image result for Anna Elisabethae Imbsweiler Lindemann

Resided: December 1740 in Germantown Township, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Rootsweb website:

Name: Anna Elisabetha IMBSWEILER

Sex: F

Birth: 12 MAY 1700 in Unkenbach,Pfalz,Germany

Note:

Her birthdate is also listed as 7 May 1697 and 12 Mar 1699

7009704, 538320;

WFT2-3417; WFT1-2346;

Change Date: 16 APR 2002 at 19:43:10

Father: Johannes Georg IMBSWEILER b: 18 MAY 1669 in Unkenbach,Pfalz,Germany

Mother: Maria Elisabetha SCHNEIDER b: 10 FEB 1674/1675 in Unkenbach,Pfalz,Germany

Marriage: Johann Justus LINDEMANN (Linderman)

b: 2 AUG 1690 in Muhlhausen, Sachsen, Prussia, Germany

Married: 3 JAN 1719 in Unkenbach, Pfalz, Germany

Children:

Charlotte LINDEMANN b: Abt 1719 in Unkenbach,Pfalz,Bayern,Germany

Johann Jacob LINDEMANN b: 20 NOV 1720 in Unkenbach,Pfalz,Bayern,Germany

Johan Heinrich LINDEMANN b: 14 APR 1723 in Unkenbach,Pfalz,Germany

Maria Elisabetha LINDEMANN b: 1 NOV 1724 in Unkenbach,Pfalz,Bayern,Germany

Johann Adam LINDEMANN b: 21 FEB 1727 in Unkenbach,Pfalz,Bayern,Germany

Johann Valentin LINDEMANN b: Abt 1728 in Unkenbach,Pfalz,Bayern,Germany

Marie Elisabetha LINDEMANN b: 6 JAN 1730 in Unkenbach,Pfalz,Bayern,Germany

Susannah Elizabeth LINDEMANN b: 2 JAN 1732 in Unkenbach,Pfalz,Bayern,Germany

Catherine LINDEMANN b: Abt 1733 in Unkenbach,Pfalz,Bayern,Germany

Johannes LINDEMANN b: 2 JAN 1737 in Unkenbach,Pfalz,Bayern,Germany

Johan Justus LINDEMANN b: 1 JAN 1743 in Germantown,Chester, PA

Family links:
Spouse:
Johann Justus Lindemann (1690 – 1769)

Children:
Johann Jacob Linderman (1720 – 1792)
Johann Heinrich Linderman (1722 – 1800)

Image result for Anna Elisabethae Imbsweiler Lindemann

Death:

17 May 1782

North Coventry, Chester, Pennsylvania

Burial:

18 May 1782
Coventry Church of the Brethren Cemetery
North Coventry Township
Chester County
Pennsylvania, USA

Created by: TEXAS TUDORS
Record added: Nov 23, 2012
Find A Grave Memorial# 101198038

Image result for Anna Elisabethae Imbsweiler Lindemann

My Maternal Eleventh Great German Grandfather, Johannes Linderman, Sr.

Eisenach_von_Göpelskuppel_Germany

Eisenach’s town centre, Thuringen, Germany

My Maternal Eleventh Great Grandfather Johannes Lindemann, Sr. [surname changed to spelling of Linderman in America]
Born: 1380 in Eisenach, Thuringen, Deutschland.

Died: before 1480 in Eisenach, Thuringia, Germany.

Married: about 1420 in Eisenach, Thuringia, Germany to unknown.

Child: Johannes Lindemann, Jr. 

Eisenach, Town in Germany. Eisenach is a town in Thuringia, Germany with 42,000 inhabitants, located 50 kilometres west of Erfurt, 70 km southeast of Kassel and 150 km northeast of Frankfurt. Wikipedia

Eisenach, Thuringen, Germany, in 1647

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The confident citizens of Eisenach fought against the Wettin’s rule to become a free imperial city between 1306 and 1308, but lost. In the 14th century various crises followed: in 1342, a big fire destroyed nearly all the buildings and the Black Death killed many inhabitants in 1349 and 1393. Since 1406, Eisenach was no longer a Wettin residence, which led to a decline in urban development.

Between 1498 and 1501, the young Martin Luther attended the St. George’s Latin school in Eisenach in preparation for his following studies at the University of Erfurt. In 1521/22 he was hidden by Frederick the Wise at Wartburg castle to protect him from the Imperial ban. In that time, Luther translated the New Testament from Greek into German, in what was an important step both for the German Reformation and the development of a consistent German standard language. Luther referred to Eisenach as ein Pfaffennest (“a clerical backwater”), since during his time there were 300 monks and nuns per 1,000 inhabitants.

Related image

 

 

My Maternal Tenth Great German Grandfather, Johannes Linderman, Jr.

Related image

Name: also spelled Johannes Lindemann, Jr. 

Sex: Male
 
Christening: 1547
Auerbach, Saxony, Germany
Religion: Evangelical Lutheran
Image resultMap of Auerbach Germany
History:
Auerbach was first documented in 1282 in connection with Conrad de Urbach mentioned.This left the castle Auerbach build. The rest of it is the castle tower. The medieval city with grid-plan was in the 14th Century as scheduled by the governors of Plauen created. The citizens were invested in 1436 by the Castellan brewing beer. It developed the tin and iron ore mining. 1503 Auerbach received a mining office in 1543 and mining town. Since there were now pitch unions and pitch huts, Auerbach was in the 17th Century known as the “unlucky city.” The current spelling of place names set to 1578 final through previous forms were:. Urbach, Uwerbach, Awerboch and Awherbach 
The district Schnarrtanne was 1582 by witch hunts affected. Anna, widow of Wolf Spitzner, and her daughter were caught in a witch trial . 
National fame attained the place by the residents here Lehrerseminar.
By 1995, Auerbach was county seat of the homonymous district.
SACHSEN IS ALSO KNOWN AS THE STATE OF SAXONY IN DEUTSCHLAND [GERMANY]. Auerbach is a town in the Vogtlandkreis, Saxony, Germany. It is the regional centre of the eastern Vogtland. The economy is mainly based on textile manufacture, food processing and machine industry. Wikipedia
Married: 1577 in Germany to Magdalena (maiden name unknown).
Death: 30 Oct 1621
Bockau is a community in the district of Erzgebirgskreis in the Free State of Saxony in Germany. The community is known for growing and researching herbs. Owing to its centuries-old cultivation of angelica, whose roots are used in making liqueurs, Bockau is also known locally by the nickname Wurzelbucke (Wurzel is German for “root”).  Wikipedia
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Vacation Rentals in Bockau, Saxony, Germany

My Maternal Eighth Great German Grandfather Wilhelm Linderman, Sr.

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My maternal eighth great grandfather. Surname also spelled as Lindemann and Lindenmann.

Name
Wilhelm Linderman Sr.
Sex: Male
Birth: 1618
Duisburg, Rheinland, Prussia
Christening:
1618
Duisburg, Duisburg, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany

Died: after 1650 in Duisburg, Rheinland, Germany

DUISBURG A CITY IN THE WESTERN BORDER OF THE RUHR INDUSTRIAL DISTRICT IN THE STATE OF NORTH RHINE-WESTPHALIA, IN WESTERN GERMANY, IS THE LARGEST INLAND PORT IN EUROPE. IT IS LOCATED ON THE EAST BANK OF THE RHINE RIVER AT ITS JUNCTION WITH THE RUHR RIVER AND THE RHINE-HERNE CANAL.

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Married: 1637 in Solingen-Wald, Solingen, Nord-Rhein Westfalen, Germany to Mrs. Sybilla (maiden name unknown) Linderman, b. 1619 in Evangelisch, Rheinland-Pfalz,Germany. 

dachreiden-germanysolingen-germany

 

 

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My Maternal Seventh Great German Grandfather, Justus Linderman

Image result for Dachrieden, Unstruttal, Unstrut-Hainich-Kreis, Thüringen, GermanyImage result for Dachrieden, Unstruttal, Unstrut-Hainich-Kreis, Thüringen, Germany

Birth:  1650
Dachrieden
Unstrut-Hainich-Kreis
Thüringen, Germany

Death:  Jul. 21, 1714
Dachrieden
Unstrut-Hainich-Kreis
Thüringen, Germany

Son of Wilhelm LINDEMANN (aka LINDERMANN and LINDERMAN) of Duisburg, North Rhine Westfalen, Germany.Born: 1650 in Dachrieden, Thuringen, Germany.Died: 21 July 1714 in Dachrieden, Thuringen, Germany. Married: 1668 in Dachrieden,Thuringen,Germany. Maria Elizabeth (wife’s maiden name unknown.)
Rootsweb Website:
Name: Justus LINDEMANN
Sex: M
Birth: 1650 in Dachrieden,Thuringen,Germany
Death: 21 JUL 1714 in Dachrieden,Thuringen,Germany
Note: His wife (Maria Elizabeth)
Married: 1688 in Dachrieden,Thuringen,Germany
Children:
Johann Justus LINDEMANN b: 2 AUG 1690 d. 1769 in Muhlhausen, Sachsen, Prussia, Germany

Hans Adam LINDEMANN b: 1689 in Dachrieden,Germany d: 1744 Dachrieden, Germany

Maria Catherina LINDEMANN b: 1690 in Dachrieden, Germany

Martha Elisabetha LINDEMANN b: 18 March 1696 d: 2 February 1761 in Dachrieden,Germany

Anna Maria LINDEMANN b: 11 JUL 1695 d. 1789 in Dachrieden,Germany 

Family links:
 Spouse:
  Maria Elisabeth Linderman (1650 – 1696)
 
 Children:
  Johann Justus Linderman (1690 – 1769)

 

 

 

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Burial:
Dachrieden, Germany
Created by: TEXAS TUDORS
Record added: Nov 23, 2012
Find A Grave Memorial# 101198335 Image result for Dachrieden, Unstruttal, Unstrut-Hainich-Kreis, Thüringen, Germany

My German Seventh Great Grand Uncle, Johann “Jan” Linderman

upper-burying-grounds-germantown-pennsylvania-1692

Inside the Upper Burying Ground (1692) looking SE towards the restored Concord School (1775), which is also on the grounds. courtesy of Greg H. Trout, 2007

Birth:  Dec., 1648
Baden-Württemberg, Germany
Death:  Jan. 1, 1720
Germantown
Philadelphia County
Pennsylvania, USA
Christened: 27 Dec 1648 in EVANGELISCH, WALD SOLINGEN, NORTH RHINE-WESTFALEN, GERMANY.
Married: Catharina Weber in about 1692 in Germantown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Burial:
Upper Burial Grounds
Germantown
Philadelphia County
Pennsylvania, USA
Created by: TEXAS TUDORS
Record added: Jun 08, 2015
Find A Grave Memorial# 147586406

On Germantown Avenue looking north towards restored Concord School (1775) and the Upper Burying Ground (1692) wall extending to the left. The front gate is flanked by commemorative plaques to Revolutionary War soldiers buried inside. Actual cemetery entrance is to right of Concord School. courtesy of  Craig H. Trout, 2007

courtesy David S. Spangler, 2007

CHRISTmas in Bavaria, Germany

BavariaSnowGermanyMy mother’s ancestors were from Obermochel, Pfalz, Bavaria, Germany. They emigrated in1740, and they helped found America. Mother loved the snow and Christmas. Mother you are so loved and missed. I am so grateful that I was blessed with such a wonderful mother, and He allowed me to keep you for 58 years of my life. You only had your mother for 36 years, but I am so grateful that you were able to share your memories of her with me. I was only 9 when she passed and I never got a chance to know her. Enjoy your time with your family in heaven. I hope to be with you and them again.

 Jean Marie (Linderman)Frederick Mancill

 

Birth: Dec. 3, 1927
Dubuque
Dubuque County
Iowa, USA
Death: Mar. 9, 2012
Rosharon
Brazoria County
Texas, USA 

Jean Marie (Linderman)Frederick Mancill, daughter of (Phylis at birth) Phyllis “Phyl” Eugenia(Palen) Linderman and Harry William Linderman. Her mother died when she was only 36 of Hodgekin’s Disease. She never really got over it, but just had to learn to live with it.Granddaughter of Frank Joseph Palen and Emma Elsie (Claussen) Palen, also of Edward Francis Linderman and Gudrun Ivara (Lund)Linderman of Dubuque, Iowa.First husband LeRoy “Lee” Eugene Frederick. Married 15 November 1947, Liberty, Texas. Divorced 1968. the Frederick homestead was at 1709 Cheston Drive, Jacinto City, Texas 77029.

Six children together: Joseph Lee, Phyllis Jean, Sally Ann, Karl Thomas, Patricia Marie, and Sarah Kay Frederick.
Mother was a very loving and creative woman. She taught me how to sew at 16, she made us a braided rug, she knitted, crocheted, needlepointed, and quilted.

Second husband Louis “Honey Lou” Clifford Mancill. Married 5 December 1968, Houston, Texas. The Mancill homestead was at 11039 Lafferty Oaks St, Houston, Texas.

My Mother and Dad made our house a home. We celebrated many a birthday, and all holidays at this home, at 11039 Lafferty Oaks St., in Houston, Texas.

He preceded her in death. No children of this union. One step son, Michieal Wayne Mancill, who was more like a brother. He was a part of our family.

She was the life of the party. She and my Dad loved music and dancing. Lou sang and played the guitar. She lived, she laughed and she loved. Lou called her his “satan pussycat”, and the “princess and the pea”. She was spoiled by my Dad. They spoiled each other. They were each other’s best friend. They were deeply in love.

Mother passed away at home surrounded with family that loved her. She just drifted off, and the angels came to get her. My consolation was she was not in pain, and not alone, and I was able to be there with her for her last six years of her life.

Mother just passed today, March 9, 2012, in Rosharon, Texas. She left us peacefully to be with Jesus. I am so grateful to have been able to spend the last six years living together with Mother. I am grateful that I was not working, so that I had the time to care for her. My sister, Phyllis and me took care of her at home just like she had wanted. We got to be even closer than ever.

She was blessed with a good life, and a good family. She really was always there with all of us six children, up until the last week of her life. She fell on Monday, and we think she had a mini stroke, she never was able to speak clearly after that. She passed away on Friday afternoon, in her sleep.

Mother left us just like she wanted to. She had dignity and respect from all who knew her. Everyone who knew her loved her. She was a very giving person, and always was there for her six children. Our family was a very loving, close-knit family.

Burial followed at the same Oaklawn Cemetery, where Aunt Yvonne Linderman (Levesque), Uncle Kenneth Jackson, and Aunt Yvarra “Billie” Linderman (Jackson) are buried.
Mother’s viewing was held on Monday, March 12, 2012 from 4-9pm. The funeral services were on Tuesday, March 13, 2012 @11am @ Oaklawn Cemetery Pavilion, on Hwy. 36 in Somerville, TX. location at:, Strickland Funeral Home at 545 8th Street, SOMERVILLE, TEXAS 77879, (979)596-2133.

Family links:
Parents:
Harry William Linderman (1903 – 1995)
Phyllis Eugenia Palen Linderman (1904 – 1963)

Spouses:
Leroy Eugene Frederick (1926 – 2006)
Louis Clifford Mancill (1924 – 2002)

Siblings:
Yvonne Phyllis Linderman Levesque (1924 – 2010)
Yvarra Irene Linderman Jackson (1925 – 1985)
Jean Marie Linderman Mancill (1927 – 2012)
Patricia Mae Linderman Cooke (1929 – 2000)

 

Burial:
Oaklawn Cemetery
Somerville
Burleson County
Texas, USA 
Created by: TEXAS TUDORS
Record added: Mar 10, 2012
Find A Grave Memorial# 86532980

 

 
Jean Marie Jeanie <i>Linderman</i> Mancill Added by: TEXAS TUDORS
 
Jean Marie Jeanie <i>Linderman</i> Mancill Added by: TEXAS TUDORS

Jean Marie Jeanie <i>Linderman</i> Mancill.

Jean Marie (Linderman)Frederick and Leroy Eugene Frederick. Married 15 November 1947, Liberty, TX.

Jean Marie Linderman Frederick and Leroy Eugene Frederick, Married 15 November 1947, Liberty, TexasJean Marie Jeanie <i>Linderman</i> MancillJean Marie Jeanie <i>Linderman</i> Mancill

Jean Marie Jeanie <i>Linderman</i> Mancill

Beauty Of Germany~My German Ancestors

Several of my ancestors emigrated from different parts of Germany. My Claussen, Kobel, Rabe, Koch, Linderman, and Frederick? also ( I believe that my paternal grandfather, Karel Fredrich, was born out of wedlock and maybe his father was Bohemian or German). 
His naturalization papers stated that he was born in Mala Lehota, Moravia. Malá Lehota is a village and municipality in the Žarnovica District, Banská Bystrica Region in Slovakia, in Southern Moravia. We will never know for sure. He took that secret to his grave. In that day and time the worst thing that you could be is German or illegitimate). (I believe that his mother was single. My daddy told me that his father, Karel was as dark as you could get, without being black, and that he believed that he was Bohemian. My paternal grandmother, said that Bohemians were like gypsies and roamed around and Moravians looked down on Bohemians).

Norwegian Christmas

Lund, Jansen, Knudsen Genealogy

Deutsch: New York, New York, Ellis Island

Ellis Island - New York

Norwegian Christmas Christkindl

Norwegian Christmas Traditions and Food

Juletid (Christmas time) is a celebration of traditions and family in Norway. With the fall of winter snow and the wonderful displays of Northern Lights, Norwegians sit round their fire places, dance around the Christmas tree, enjoy rich food and share julefryd (Christmas cheer) with family, friends and in their communities. At this special time of year we are happy to share the Norwegian Christmas with you. We hope you will celebrate with us by having a little bit of Norway in your Christmas.

GUDRUN IVARA LUND LINDERMAN EMIGRATED IN 1896, TO ELLIS ISLAND, NEW YORK, NEW YORK AS A NANNY/GOVERNESS TO HYDE PARK TOWN, CHICAGO, COOK COUNTY, ILLINOIS. 1900 CENSUS SHOWS GUDRUN WORKING FOR THE GLENN & IDA TRAER FAMILY.

ED CALLED HER GUD, AND SHE CALLED HIM EDDIE. THEY WERE VERY MUCH IN LOVE. AUNT GLADYS LINDERMAN NELSON, EPPIE…

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Jean Marie Linderman Frederick Mancill – Houston, Harris, Texas

Texas Tudor's Memorials

 

English: Photograph of the skyline of Downtown...

Jean Marie “Jeanie” Linderman Mancill
Birth: Dec. 3, 1927
Dubuque
Dubuque County
Iowa, USA
Death: Mar. 9, 2012
Rosharon
Brazoria County
Texas, USA

Jean Marie (Linderman)Frederick Mancill, daughter of Phyllis “Phyl” (Palen) Linderman and Harry William Linderman. Granddaughter of Frank Joseph Palen and Emma Elsie (Claussen) Palen, also of Edward Francis Linderman and Gudrun Ivarra (Lund)Linderman of Dubuque, Iowa.
First huband LeRoy Eugene Frederick. Married 15 November 1947, Liberty, Texas. Divorced 1968. the Frederick homestead was at 1709 Cheston Drive, Jacinto City, Texas 77029.
Six children together: Joseph Lee, Phyllis Jean, Sally Ann, Karl Thomas, Patricia Marie, and Sarah Kay Frederick.
Mother was a very loving and creative woman. She taught me how to sew at 16, she made us a braided rug(I still have today), she knitted, crocheted, needlepointed, and quilted.
Second husband Louis “Honey Lou” Clifford Mancill. Married 5 December 1968, Houston, Texas

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Germantown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania – German Ancestors

Texas Tudor's Memorials

English: Flag of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. I...English: Seal of the city of ,pennsylvania welcomes you

Johann Jacob Linderman was my fifth great grandfather who emigrated in 1740 from Obermochel, Bayern, Germany to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.  He DID help build these United States! Yes, he did build this!! JOHANN JACOB LINDERMAN SERVED IN THE AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY WAR BETWEEN 1775-1781. HE WAS IN THE COLONIAL PENNSYLVANIA ARMY.

Married Catharina McLean in Lancaster, Pennsylvania in 1743. They had eleven children together.  He resided in Germantown Township, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in December 1740. 

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The American Revolutionary War: 1775-1781

Uploaded by LisaJ4Liberty on Sep 30, 2009 Hi everyone! I really didn’t make this video in order to say: rah rah America kicks ass! I’m just a fan of the principals of liberty that Jefferson, Franklin and others stood for back when the declaration of independence was written & this video is a tribute to the intellect and bravery of the founders. For those unfamiliar with American history.

This video begins with vintage pictures of the American colonists’ domestic life — circa 1776. Next, mother country England imposes its tyrannical decrees: the *Stamp Act* and the *Tea Tax*. Next, the colonists’ violent rebellions in Boston, followed by the writing of the *Declaration of Independence* by John Adams, Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin. And finally a war against England led by George Washington. The pivotal point of the war was the crossing of the Delaware River at night for a successful sneak attack on the enemy in the early morning. With the help of the French the war is finally won, and so is the Founding Fathers’ vision of an independent Constitutional Republic.

HISTORY OF ORANGE COUNTY, NEW YORK: ORANGE COUNTY WAS THE ORIGINAL COUNTY OF NEW YORK. HENRY HUDSON [ENGLISH] EXPLORED THE AREA IN 1609. IT IS NAMED FOR THE PRINCE OF ORANGE [WILLIAM III OF HOLLAND]. THE FIRST SETTLERS IN THE WALLKILL VALLEY, NEW YORK IN 1614 WERE HOLLANDERS, HUGUENOTS, AND GERMANS. SIX YEARS BEFORE THE PILGRIMS LANDED AT PLYMOUTH ROCK [BOULDER AT PLYMOUTH , MASSACHUSETTS WHERE THE PILGRIMS WHO SAILED ON THE SHIP MAYFLOWER ARE SAID TO HAVE LANDED IN 1620]; MASSACHUSETTS A NEW ENGLAND STATE, WAS ONE OF THE ORIGINAL 13 STATES OF THE U.S. CRAWFORD, ORANGE COUNTY, NEW YORK WAS HILL COUNTRY. THE DUTCH EAST INDIA COMPANY BROUGHT THE FIRST WHITE SETTLERS IN 1684, AND BUILT NEWBURGH, ORANGE COUNTY, NEW YORK. NEW YORK WAS A PROVINCE THEN WITH SHIRES, AND COUNTIES. BRICK REFORMED CHURCH IN MONTGOMERY, ORANGE COUNTY, NEW YORK WAS ESTABLISHED IN 1732. IT HAD CATECHISM CLASSES, INSTEAD OF SUNDAY SCHOOL CLASSES LIKE WE HAVE NOW IN THE 1990’S. THE LINDERMAN’S WERE SOME OF THE ORIGINAL SETTLERS OF NEW YORK IN THE 1740’S, THEY EMIGRATED TO PENNSYLVANIA IN 1684. THEY WERE LUTHERANS AND PROTESTANTS.

My fifth Great Grandfather was Johann Jacob Linderman, who emigrated to Pennsylvania in 1740 from Obermoschel, Pfalz, Germany. He was born there on 2 December 1720. Married Catherine McLean in 1743 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. They settled in Germantown Township, Pennsylvania. JOHANN JACOB LINDERMAN SERVED IN THE AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY WAR BETWEEN 1775-1781. HE WAS IN THE COLONIAL PENNSYLVANIA ARMY.

U.S. Naturalization Records: “JACOB LINTIMAN, AGE 18, EMIGRATED FROM ZWEIBRUCKEN, GERMANY TO ROTTERDAM, AMSTERDAM, [THE NETHERLANDS], ON 25 NOVEMBER 1740, ON THE SHIP: LOYAL JUDITH, CAPTAIN LOVELL PAINTER WAS THE COMMANDER, TO THE PORT OF PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA. IT WAS A TWELVE WEEK TRIP.”

Battle of Yorktown -1781 – End of American Revolutionary War

Teutoburg Forest, Germany

The Battle of the Teutoburg Forest (described as clades Variana, the Varian disaster by Roman historians) (German: Schlacht im Teutoburger Wald, Hermannsschlacht or Varusschlacht) took place in 9 CE, when an alliance of Germanic tribes led by Arminius of the Cherusci ambushed and decisively destroyed three Roman legions, along with their auxiliaries, led by Publius Quinctilius Varus. Despite numerous successful campaigns and raids by the Roman army over the Rhine in the years after the battle, the Romans were to make no more concerted attempts to conquer and permanently hold Germania beyond the river.