My Maternal German 11th. Great Grandfather, Johannes Linderman, Sr.

Bayern, Germany National Park

National Park, Bayern, Germany

Name: Rhene (Rhene)
Status: Place
Municipality name: Baddeckenstedt
Region name (Level 2): Landkreis Wolfenbuttel
Region name (Level 1): Lower Saxony
Country: Germany
Continent: Europe
Rhene is located in the region of Lower Saxony. Lower Saxony’s capital Hannover (Hannover) is approximately 45 km / 28 mi away from Rhene (as the crow flies). The distance from Rhene to Germany’s capital Berlin (Berlin) is approximately 224 km / 139 mi (as the crow flies).

source: Germany, Places in the World

Basisdaten
Bundesland: Bayern
Regierungsbezirk: Unterfranken
Landkreis: Rhön-Grabfeld
Höhe: 242 m ü. NHN
Fläche: 36,9 km2
Einwohner: 15.154 (31. Dez. 2015)
Bevölkerungsdichte: 411 Einwohner je km2
Postleitzahl: 97616
Vorwahl: 09771
Kfz-Kennzeichen: NES, KÖN, MET
Gemeindeschlüssel: 09 6 73 114
Stadtgliederung: 11 Ortsteile
Adresse der
Stadtverwaltung:
Rathausgasse 2
97616 Bad Neustadt a. d. Saale
Webpräsenz: www.bad-neustadt.de
Bürgermeister: Bruno Altrichter (FWG)
Lage der Stadt Bad Neustadt a.d.Saale im Landkreis Rhön-Grabfeld

source: Wikipedia

Germany Map
Married: 1524 in Schweinfurt Bayern Deutschland to Margarethe Sporerin
Schweinfurt is a city in the Lower Franconia region of Bavaria in Germany on the right bank of the navigable Main River, which is spanned by several bridges here, 27 km northeast of Würzburg. Wikipedia
Children: Anna, Salome, and Johannes, Jr. Lindemann
Schloss Werneck, Unterfranken, Bayern
Schloss Werneck, Unterfranken, Bayern
Death
Zwickau - Germany
The river Zwickauer Mulde in Zwickau, Germany

CHRISTmas in Bavaria, Germany

BavariaSnowGermanyMy mother’s ancestors were from Obermochel, Pfalz, Bavaria, Germany. They emigrated in1740, and they helped found America. Mother loved the snow and Christmas. Mother you are so loved and missed. I am so grateful that I was blessed with such a wonderful mother, and He allowed me to keep you for 58 years of my life. You only had your mother for 36 years, but I am so grateful that you were able to share your memories of her with me. I was only 9 when she passed and I never got a chance to know her. Enjoy your time with your family in heaven. I hope to be with you and them again.

 Jean Marie (Linderman)Frederick Mancill

 

Birth: Dec. 3, 1927
Dubuque
Dubuque County
Iowa, USA
Death: Mar. 9, 2012
Rosharon
Brazoria County
Texas, USA 

Jean Marie (Linderman)Frederick Mancill, daughter of (Phylis at birth) Phyllis “Phyl” Eugenia(Palen) Linderman and Harry William Linderman. Her mother died when she was only 36 of Hodgekin’s Disease. She never really got over it, but just had to learn to live with it.Granddaughter of Frank Joseph Palen and Emma Elsie (Claussen) Palen, also of Edward Francis Linderman and Gudrun Ivara (Lund)Linderman of Dubuque, Iowa.First husband LeRoy “Lee” Eugene Frederick. Married 15 November 1947, Liberty, Texas. Divorced 1968. the Frederick homestead was at 1709 Cheston Drive, Jacinto City, Texas 77029.

Six children together: Joseph Lee, Phyllis Jean, Sally Ann, Karl Thomas, Patricia Marie, and Sarah Kay Frederick.
Mother was a very loving and creative woman. She taught me how to sew at 16, she made us a braided rug, she knitted, crocheted, needlepointed, and quilted.

Second husband Louis “Honey Lou” Clifford Mancill. Married 5 December 1968, Houston, Texas. The Mancill homestead was at 11039 Lafferty Oaks St, Houston, Texas.

My Mother and Dad made our house a home. We celebrated many a birthday, and all holidays at this home, at 11039 Lafferty Oaks St., in Houston, Texas.

He preceded her in death. No children of this union. One step son, Michieal Wayne Mancill, who was more like a brother. He was a part of our family.

She was the life of the party. She and my Dad loved music and dancing. Lou sang and played the guitar. She lived, she laughed and she loved. Lou called her his “satan pussycat”, and the “princess and the pea”. She was spoiled by my Dad. They spoiled each other. They were each other’s best friend. They were deeply in love.

Mother passed away at home surrounded with family that loved her. She just drifted off, and the angels came to get her. My consolation was she was not in pain, and not alone, and I was able to be there with her for her last six years of her life.

Mother just passed today, March 9, 2012, in Rosharon, Texas. She left us peacefully to be with Jesus. I am so grateful to have been able to spend the last six years living together with Mother. I am grateful that I was not working, so that I had the time to care for her. My sister, Phyllis and me took care of her at home just like she had wanted. We got to be even closer than ever.

She was blessed with a good life, and a good family. She really was always there with all of us six children, up until the last week of her life. She fell on Monday, and we think she had a mini stroke, she never was able to speak clearly after that. She passed away on Friday afternoon, in her sleep.

Mother left us just like she wanted to. She had dignity and respect from all who knew her. Everyone who knew her loved her. She was a very giving person, and always was there for her six children. Our family was a very loving, close-knit family.

Burial followed at the same Oaklawn Cemetery, where Aunt Yvonne Linderman (Levesque), Uncle Kenneth Jackson, and Aunt Yvarra “Billie” Linderman (Jackson) are buried.
Mother’s viewing was held on Monday, March 12, 2012 from 4-9pm. The funeral services were on Tuesday, March 13, 2012 @11am @ Oaklawn Cemetery Pavilion, on Hwy. 36 in Somerville, TX. location at:, Strickland Funeral Home at 545 8th Street, SOMERVILLE, TEXAS 77879, (979)596-2133.

Family links:
Parents:
Harry William Linderman (1903 – 1995)
Phyllis Eugenia Palen Linderman (1904 – 1963)

Spouses:
Leroy Eugene Frederick (1926 – 2006)
Louis Clifford Mancill (1924 – 2002)

Siblings:
Yvonne Phyllis Linderman Levesque (1924 – 2010)
Yvarra Irene Linderman Jackson (1925 – 1985)
Jean Marie Linderman Mancill (1927 – 2012)
Patricia Mae Linderman Cooke (1929 – 2000)

 

Burial:
Oaklawn Cemetery
Somerville
Burleson County
Texas, USA 
Created by: TEXAS TUDORS
Record added: Mar 10, 2012
Find A Grave Memorial# 86532980

 

 
Jean Marie Jeanie <i>Linderman</i> Mancill Added by: TEXAS TUDORS
 
Jean Marie Jeanie <i>Linderman</i> Mancill Added by: TEXAS TUDORS

Jean Marie Jeanie <i>Linderman</i> Mancill.

Jean Marie (Linderman)Frederick and Leroy Eugene Frederick. Married 15 November 1947, Liberty, TX.

Jean Marie Linderman Frederick and Leroy Eugene Frederick, Married 15 November 1947, Liberty, TexasJean Marie Jeanie <i>Linderman</i> MancillJean Marie Jeanie <i>Linderman</i> Mancill

Jean Marie Jeanie <i>Linderman</i> Mancill

Finding Minnesota: Winona’s Cemetery Walk

77654_Mike Binkley WEB

Reporting Mike Binkley

WINONA, Minn. (WCCO) – When the earliest settlers arrived in what is now Winona, it was not only the beauty of the surrounding bluffs that drew them in. It was the potential they saw along the Mississippi River.

Many of the founders’ bodies may be buried along a bluff nearby, but the stories of what they started are still being kept alive.

For a few days this week, visitors to Woodlawn Cemetery will get to hear those stories from costumed actors at the various grave sites.

Retired steamboat captain Richard Karnath will be portraying his own father, Walt Karnath, who spent 55 years as a steamboat captain himself.

“The river’s in your blood and there’s nothing you can do about it,” Karnath said. “Without the steamboats, Winona wouldn’t be here.”

At another corner of the cemetery is the headstone of biology teacher Cal Fremling, who died in 2010. He was a river expert who made sure his students understood what they had.

A family friend, Steve Bachler, has volunteered to tell Fremling’s story.

“I used to take them out on pontoons and boats and go in the back waters, and we’d just spend all of our days just studying the river,” Bachler said, portraying Fremling

This is the 14th year for the annual Cemetery Walk, a fundraiser for the Winona County Historical Society.

According to event chair Kathy Turner, it’s scheduled to coincide with Woodlawn’s prettiest season.

“This place, when the leaves change, it’s absolutely glorious,” Turner said.

Sixth graders in every Winona school make it their annual fall field trip.

“The first year, the kids would come and say, ‘Is this going to be scary?’” Turner said. “And of course we said, ‘No, it’s going to be fun and it’s going to be educational.’”

Sometimes they’ll meet the city’s heroes. Other times, it’ll be the scoundrels. Ray Beyers was a hero who will be played by Pastor Sonny Misar.

“We needed to save our city. We needed to make sure we didn’t flood,” Misar said, portraying Beyers.

In the spring of 1965, melting snow and heavy rains sent the Mississippi River over its banks and threatened to overtake Winona’s storm sewers as it blew open manhole covers.

Beyers was a milk man who had been in the Navy. He volunteered to dive into the raging river with an inflatable bag to block an inlet and protect the sewer system.

“Winona was the city that saved itself because of how we acted during the flood of 1965, and it was national news,” Misar said.

It’s a reminder that behind every date of birth and death you see etched in granite was a real person with a real story, stories that Winona honors each fall.

“We’re surrounded by some great nature and some great people in this fantastic historic cemetery,” he said.

Tours for the general public will be on October 12 and 13 starting at noon. Click here for information about tickets and times.

http://minnesota.cbslocal.com/video?autoStart=true&topVideoCatNo=default&clipId=9385832

My Maternal 3rd. Great Grandfather, Abraham Linderman Resided in Winona, Minnesota

Sgt Abraham “Abraim” Linderman 
Birth: 
1810
Montgomery
Orange County
Death: 
Sep. 2, 1893
Winona
Winona County
 
Enlisted in Civil War as Pvt. and promoted to Sgt. when he re-enlisted for the Union. A Yankee soldier. [ABRAHAM] A. LINDERMAN WAS A UNION [YANKEE] SOLDIER, ON 14 AUGUST 1862, A SERGEANT IN COMPANY F, OF THE 117th. ILLINOIS INFANTRY , ENLISTED IN CAIRO, ALEXANDER COUNTY, ILLINOIS; DURING THE CIVIL WAR BETWEEN 1862-1865, BOX #000539, EXTRACT # 0053, RECORD #0000169.
He was born in New York. His parents moved from Germantown Twp, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania to Montgomery, Orange County, New York.
His ancestors settled in Germantown Twp., Pennsylvania in 1740. His ancestors helped found America. Our Linderman ancestors fought in the American Revolutionary War, the War of 1812, American Civil War.
We are proud German descendants of the Linderman family, and the Hammell family were from England.
Abraham married Mary Hammell 26 November 1835 in Newfield, Orange County, New York.
They moved to Minnesota in 1856.
Their homestead was at 231 E. Mark St, Winona, Minnesota.
He and Mary had one child, Mary Linderman.
God bless my poor ancestors, they lost so much.
Abraham survived the Civil War, and lived until 1893 with his beloved wife Mary, in the Linderman Home place at 231 E. Mark St., Winona, Minnesota.
His wife, Maria A. (Mary) (Hammel) Linderman, preceded him in death, in 1884.
They are all buried together in the LINDERMAN Family Plot in Woodlawn Cemetery, Winona, Winona County, Minnesota
 
Family links:
 Spouse:
  Mary (Hammell) Linderman (1815 – 1884)
 
 Children:
  
  Mary Linderman (1859 – 1924)
 
Burial:
Woodlawn Cemetery
Winona
Winona County
Minnesota, USA
 
Created by: TEXAS TUDORS
Record added: Aug 21, 2007
Find A Grave Memorial# 21069099
Related articles

My Maternal Fourth Great Grandfather, Ezekiel Linderman, New York

Reformed Dutch Church of Shawangunk, in town o...
Reformed Dutch Church of Shawangunk, in town of same name, NY, USA (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Reformed Protestant Church, Genesee Street, by...
Reformed Protestant Church, Genesee Street, by William E. James (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Ezekiel Linderman

Birth: 1768
Montgomery
Orange County
New York, USA
Death: 1848
Ballston Lake
Saratoga County
New York, USA 

Son of Johann Jacob Linderman and Catherine (McLean) Linderman
First Spouse: Margaret Ridner/Redner/
Marriage: 28 March 1793
Reformed Protestant Dutch Church of Shawangunk, Ulster, N.Y.
CHILDREN: child 1: unknown /Linderman/
gender: Female
birth 1811 (twin of Abraham)
Cayuta Twp., Tioga, New York
death 1811 child 

2: Abraham /Linderman/ [my third great grandfather]
gender: Male
birth 1811
Cayuta Twp., Tioga, New York
death 3 September 1891
Winona, Winona, Minnesota
moved 1837
St. Charles, Kane, Illinois

child 3: Catherine /Linderman/
gender: Female
birth 12 September 1799
Montgomery, Orange, New York
death 29 January 1882
Courtland, De Kalb, Illinois

child 4:Nancy /Linderman/
gender: Female
birth 9 July 1797
Montgomery, Orange, New York
death 2 February 1878
St. Charles, Kane, Illinois

child 5: John Redner /Linderman/
gender: Male
birth 15 January 1794, Orange, New York
baptism 22 June 1794, Hopewell Presbyterian Church, Crawford Twp., Orange, N.Y.
death September 1877, Oakland, Michigan
burial Sashabaw Cemetery, Sashabaw Plains Twp., Oakland, Mi.

child 6: Jacob /Linderman/
gender: Male
birth 12 December 1795
Montgomery Twp., Orange, New York, 

baptism 1796 German Reformed Church of Montgomery, Orange, N.Y.
death 12 April 1872, Gun Plains, Allegan, Michigan
moved, Cattaraugus, New York

child 7: Nicholas /Linderman/
gender: Male
birth 22 November 1803, Wallkill, Orange, New York
death 3 February 1887, Ischua, Cattaraugus, New York
burial Fitch Cemetery, Ischua, Cattaraugus, N.Y.

Submission date: 12 Oct 2012
submission id: MMCZ-6DY
Notes:
Seen as a Ridner in marriage record, then as a Redner in record of son John’s birth.

Second spouse:
Mary Ann Miller born: England
married 19 march 1839
Kane County, Illinois

Sources:
1820 U.S. Census
1830 U.S. Census
1800 U.S. Census
1825 State Census
1810 U.S. Census    

Also U.S./Can. Book, 1850 U.S. Census
Orange County Genealogical Society, Hopewell Presbyterian Church Records (Goshen, N.Y.:), Compiled by; Mrs Jean D. Worden, Reformed Protestant Dutch Church of Shawangunk, Ulster, New York (Goshen, N.Y.: , cir.1940)
Compiled by ; Helen F. Lewis, New York’s Finger Lakes Pioneer Families (Rhinebeck, New York : Kinship, c.1980’s) Source Citation
“Pedigree Resource File,” database, FamilySearch (http://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.2.1/393B-LZ8 : accessed 28 October 2012), entry for Margaret /Redner/.

Over time the name was shortened to Ballston. Early settlers in this area feared attacks from Mohawks, who already inhabited the region and who resented the establishment of European buildings on their sacred grounds. One of Ballston’s historic sites is Indian Rock, a large boulder where Mohawk tribesmen reputedly took white captives (children, in some cases) to torture and kill them.
Ballston Lake, BALLSTON, NEW YORK: The region was first settled around 1763. In 1775, the area became a District in Albany County.
In 1780, British forces attacked the northern part of the town and took captives back to Canada. The area was originally called “Ball’s Town” and “Ballton.” The town was formed in 1785 while still in Albany County. The original owners of the town were the McDonald brothers. Eliphalet Ball bought the area of land from them and called it Ball’s Town. Ball also paid the brothers 1 barrel of rum for the e, a narrow, 3.7-mile (6.0 km)-long lake with a maximum depth of 120 feet (37 m) in the south of the region, was called “Shanantaha” by natives. It was known to early white settlers as Long Lake. The lake was part of the Mohawk River during the glacial age and archaeological digs have unearthed artifacts indicating settlement around the lake as early as 3,500 BCE. For a long time the depth of Ballston Lake was not determined, due to the multiple caves that prevented divers from going to the bottom. There has been an artifact found that is dated 2000 B.C. It is also believed that a lake monster exists within one of the hundreds of caves. That is called by the natives Big Tim and has been spotted by multiple people.  Wikipedia

Family links:
Parents:
Johann Jacob Linderman (1720 – 1792)
Catherine Mc Lean Linderman (1728 – 1792)

Spouse:
Margarette Redner Linderman (1764 – 1839)

Children:
Jacob Linderman (1796 – 1872)
Abraham Linderman (1811 – 1891)
 
Burial:
Unknown
 
Created by: TEXAS TUDORS
Record added: Oct 29, 2012
Find A Grave Memorial# 99856384

 

English: Verbeck House, Ballston Spa, NY, USA
English: Verbeck House, Ballston Spa, NY, USA (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

Rhineland-Palatinate and Bavaria

Hintersee, lake near Ramsau in Bavaria, Germany
Hintersee, lake near Ramsau in Bavaria, Germany (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Coat of arms of Free State of Bavaria
Coat of arms of Free State of Bavaria (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Bavaria is known as Bayern in the Germany. Bavaria is a State (Bundesland) within the Federal Republic of Germany, but it actually calls itself a Free State (Freistaat) based on its history.

Bavaria today is divided into 7 relatively large districts (Regierungsbezirke – see maps):

Bavaria has 71 Landkreise (like our United States counties). There are 373 Gemeinden (like our United States townships). In addition, there are 23 Städte (cities). Each Gemeinde or Stadt is a local administrative division. They also have  plus Kreisfrei Städte (big cities that are administered at a level similar to the county level). 

The southern part of what is today the German State of Rheinland-Pfalz was actually once part Bavaria. Historically, this area has been known as as the “Rheinpfalz“, “Rhennish Pfalz”, “Rheinbayern” or “Palatinate” region. However, it is no longer a part of modern Bavaria.

 The Palatinate (Germandie PfalzPfälzer dialectPalz), historically also Rhenish Palatinate (GermanRheinpfalz), is a region in Southwestern Germany. It occupies more than a quarter of the German federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz). Historically in union with Bavaria, the Palatinate covers an area of 5,451 square kilometres (2,105 sq mi) with about 1.4m inhabitants.

Coats of arms of the former Bavarian Kreis Rhe...

My Mother the Matriarch of our Family, Jean Marie (Linderman) Frederick Mancill

Birth: Dec. 3, 1927
Dubuque
Dubuque County
Iowa, USA

Death: Mar. 9, 2012
Rosharon
Brazoria County
Texas, USA
JEAN MARIE LINDERMAN FREDERICK MANCILLMOTHER'S HEADSTONE-SOMERVILLE, TXPhyllis and mother's headstone, Somerville, TXJean Marie (Linderman)Frederick Mancill, daughter of Phyllis “Phyl” Eugenia (Palen) Linderman and Harry William Linderman.

jean-marie-linderman-1943-Lamar High School - Houston, TX
Granddaughter of Frank Joseph Palen and Emma Elsie (Claussen) Palen, also of Edward Francis Linderman and Gudrun Ivarra (Lund)Linderman of Dubuque, Iowa.
First huband LeRoy Eugene Frederick. Married 15 November 1947, Liberty, Texas. Divorced 1968. the Frederick homestead was at 1709 Cheston Drive, Jacinto City, Texas 77029.

4b8b3-scannedimage-2

Six children together: Joseph Lee, Phyllis Jean, Sally Ann, Karl Thomas, Patricia Marie, and Sarah Kay Frederick.Mother was a very loving and creative woman. She taught me how to sew at 16, she made us a braided rug, she knitted, crocheted, needlepointed, and quilted.

Second husband Louis “Honey Lou” Clifford Mancill. Married 5 December 1968, Houston, Texas. Our Mancill homestead was at 11039 Lafferty Oaks St, Houston, Texas. My Mother and Dad made our house a home. We celebrated many a birthday, and all holidays at this home, at 11039 Lafferty Oaks St., in Houston, Texas.

d8281-louis26jeanmancill

He preceded her in death. No children of this union. One step son, Michieal Wayne Mancill. She was the life of the party. My Dad sang and played the guitar for her. She lived, she laughed and she loved. Lou called her his “satan pussycat”, and the “princess and the pea”. She was spoiled by my Dad. They spoiled each other. They were each other’s best friend. They were deeply in love.

Mother passed away at home surrounded with family that loved her. She just drifted off, and the angels came to get her. We believe that the week before, she had some mini strokes, because after that she could not speak and was bed ridden. My consolation was she was not in pain, and not alone, and I was able to be there with her for her last six years of her life.

Mother just passed today, Friday, March 9, 2012, in Rosharon, Texas. She left us peacefully to be with Jesus. I am so grateful to have been able to spend the last six years living together with Mother. We got to be even closer than ever.

She was blessed with a good life, and a good family. She really was always there with all of us six children, up until the last week of her life. She fell on Monday, and we think she had a mini stroke, she never was able to speak clearly after that. She passed away on Friday afternoon, in her sleep.

Mother told us that she did not want to go, but she left us just like she wanted to. She had dignity and respect from all who knew her. Everyone who knew her loved her. She was a very giving person, and always was there for her six children.Our family was a very loving, close-knit family.

Burial followed at the same Oaklawn Cemetery, where Aunt Yvonne Linderman (Levesque), Uncle Kenneth Jackson, and Aunt Yvarra “Billie” Linderman (Jackson) are buried.

Mother’s viewing was held on Monday, March 12, 2012 from 4-9pm. The funeral services were on Tuesday, March 13, 2012 @11am @ Oaklawn Cemetery Pavilion, on Hwy. 36 in Somerville, TX. location at:, Strickland Funeral Home at 545 8th Street, SOMERVILLE, TEXAS 77879, (979)596-2133.

Family links:
Parents:
Harry William Linderman (1903 – 1995)
Phyllis Eugenia Palen Linderman (1904 – 1963)

Spouses:
Leroy Eugene Frederick (1926 – 2006)
Louis Clifford Mancill (1924 – 2002)
Burial:
Oaklawn Cemetery
Somerville
Burleson County
Texas, USA

Created by: TEXAS TUDORS
Record added: Mar 10, 2012
Find A Grave Memorial# 86532980

This is my favorite pic of all six of us with Mother, when she was still feeling well enough to travel. (left to right & back to front) Sally Tudor, Phyllis Hyden, Joseph Frederick, Karl Frederick, Jean Mancill (in pink), Sarah Moore, & Patricia Harrod.Mother’s six children: Sally Ann(Frederick)Tudor, Phyllis Jean(Frederick)Hyden, Joseph Lee “Joe” Frederick, Karl Thomas Frederick, Jean Marie (Linderman) Frederick Mancill, Sarah (Frederick)Moore, and Patricia (Frederick)Vanderford Harrod, April 15, 2011, Austin, Texas @ Justin & Allison Vanderford’s wedding. This is one of my favorite pics of us and mother. It was one of the last trips that she took with me. She loved to go “bye-bye”. –:) 

Six Frederick children, 4-15-2011, Austin, TX
Jean Linderman, Roy Nelson, & Michael Jackson, unknown friend, 1945, Crosby, Texas.

Jean Linderman, Roy Nelson, Mike Jackson, 1945, Wiseacres (H.W. Harry & Phyllis Linderman's farm), Crosby, TX

Leroy & Jean (Linderman)Frederick, married November 15, 1947, Liberty, Texas

4102 Arnold St., Houston, TX

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E.F. Linderman Homeplace-705 W. Third Street- Dubuque, Iowa

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Shirley, Jimmie, Dickie, Gladys, and Edward Linderman~World War II~Dubuque, Iowa

Written by Roy Leonard “Jimmie” Nelson, Jr.

“Winter school work done in dining room next to coal burning pot belly stove. Heavy drapes to close living room off. House heated by registers, water circulated by furnace in basement. Coal storage room in basement to be hand fed to furnace. Sometime during W.W. II Grandpa had the furnace converted to oil fed. In the basement there was a vegetable room for canned foods, sacks of potatoes, and bags of sugar, etc…

There was a double sink to wash clothes, and one sink had a wringer. There was a four burner stove to heat copper boiler for washing clothes (hot water). Basement foundation large stones. They were white washed every…

View original post 528 more words

Edward Francis Linderman~My Maternal Great Grandfather~German Ancestor

Dubuque, Iowa, Wagon Bridge, Mississippi River...

Old Cable elevatorFamily Vacation in Dubuque, Iowa | Road Trips For FamiliesDubuque Iowa, Incline Railway    Yes, we always ride it up and down when we visit Dubuque Iowa!

Edward Francis “Edy” Linderman
 
Birth: Feb. 9, 1875
Winona
Winona County
Minnesota, USA
Death: Jun. 26, 1968
Dubuque
Dubuque County
Iowa, USA

Only grandson of Abraham & Mary (Holman) Linderman of Winona, Minnesota. Only child of Mary Linderman. Father unknown.
E. F. Linderman worked and lived on the Mississippi River all his life. He worked for the U.S. Lock & Dam in LaCrosse, Wisconsin; and Dubuque, Iowa.
Married Gudrun Ivarra Lund from Norway on 11 September 1902 in Winona, Minnesota. Edward & Gudrun had one son, Harry; and three daughters, Gladys Serene, Irene Mary, and Evelyn Frances Linderman. They all resided at 705 W. Third St., Dubuque, Iowa.
Great Grandpa was in the I.O.O.F. in Dubuque, Iowa. He converted to Jehovah’s Witness after the death of his beloved wife, Gud. The children were raised as Lutheran and all baptized as Lutheran in the St. Paul Evangelical Lutheran Church, at 2025 Jackson Street, in Dubuque, Iowa.
Edy was cremated and his ashes were scattered in the same cemetery as Gud, up on the hill, because the government told his family, that they couldn’t scatter his ashes in the Mississippi River where he wanted to be. They said that it would pollute the river.Family links:
Parents:
Mary Linderman (1859 – 1924)Spouse:
Gudrun Ivarra Lund Linderman (1881 – 1924)Children:
Harry William Linderman (1903 – 1995)*
Gladys Serena Linderman Nelson (1906 – 1996)*
Irene Mary Linderman Wiedner (1908 – 1997)*
Evelyn Frances Linderman Ayala (1913 – 1997)*
 
Burial:
Linwood Cemetery
Dubuque
Dubuque County
Iowa, USA 
Created by: TEXAS TUDORS
Record added: Aug 21, 2007
Find A Grave Memorial# 21069314
Edward Francis Edy Linderman
Added by: TEXAS TUDORS

My Maternal Fifth Great German Grandfather, Johann Jacob Linderman, Obermoschel, Pfalz, Bavaria, Germany

Coat of arms of Obermoschel
Coat of arms of Obermoschel (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Wappen verb alsenz obermoschel
Wappen verb alsenz obermoschel (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Obermoschel, GermanyObermoschel, Donnersbergkreis, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany

Obermoschel is a town in the district Donnersbergkreis, in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It is part of the Verbandsgemeinde Alsenz-Obermoschel. It is situated 15 km southwest of Bad Kreuznach. Wikipedia

Obermoschel2, GermanyObermoschel, Germany

LIST OF FOREIGNERS IMPORTED IN THE SHIP “LOYAL JUDITH”, LOVELL PAINTER, COMMANDER, FROM ROTTERDAM, AMSTERDAM, [THE NETHERLANDS]. QUALIFIED 25 NOVEMBER 1740. OATH OF ALLEGIANCE SHOWS JACOB AS AGE 18. Wood carving2, GermanyWood carving, Germany

Johann Jacob Linderman 
 
Birth:  Nov. 20, 1720
Bavaria (Bayern), Germany
Death:  Dec. 26, 1792
Montgomery
Orange County
New York, USA

Johann Jacob Linderman, born 20 November 1720 in Obermoschel, Pfalz, Bavaria, Germany.Christened: on 20 November 1720 in Obermoschel, Pfalz, Bavaria, Germany.

Emigrated on 25 August 1740 from Zweibrucken, Rhineland-Palatinate, Schwarzbach, Germany to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Arrived on 25 November 1740.

Resided in Germantown Township, Philadelphia Co, Pennsylvania in December 1740. 

Died on 26 December 1792 in Montgomery, Orange Co, New York.

Son of Johann Justus Linderman and Anna Elizabeth Imbsweiler.

Married: Catharine McLean in 1743 in Lancaster, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania

They had twelve children: Justus, Elisabeth, Cornelius, Cornelia, Jacob, Peter, Henrik “Henry”, Sarah, Ezekiel, Peggy, Jenny, and Catharine Linderman. All born in Montgomery, Orange County, New York.

JOHANN JACOB LINDERMAN SERVED IN THE AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY WAR BETWEEN 1775-1781. HE WAS IN THE COLONIAL PENNSYLVANIA ARMY.

Family links: 
 Parents:
  Johann Justus Linderman (1690 – 1769)
 
 Spouse:
  Catherine Mc Lean Linderman (1728 – 1792)*
 
 Children:
  Ezekiel Linderman (1768 – 1848)*
 

 
Burial: 
Unknown
Specifically: Burial site unknown
 

 
Created by: TEXAS TUDORS
Record added: Nov 23, 2012 
Find A Grave Memorial# 101180416

My Maternal Grandfather, Harry William Linderman, German & Norwegian Ancestor

My mother, Jean Marie Linderman Frederick Mancill, daughter of Harry William Linderman, 1980 @ Cellar Door Restaurant, Houston, Texas.

 

Harry William “Billy” Linderman

Birth: Jun. 13, 1903
Winona
Winona County
Minnesota, USA
Death: Apr. 10, 1995
Houston
Harris County
Texas, USA

Great Grandson of Abraham & Mary (Hammell) Linderman of Winona, Minnesota.Grandson of Mary Linderman.
Son of Edward Francis Linderman & Gudrun (Lund) Linderman. Baptized as Lutheran on September 7, 1903, in Winona, Minnesota.
Raised at 705 W. Third Street, Dubuque, Iowa. Played the violin, organ, and piano. Graduated from Dubuque High School. Attended Ames College.
Grandpa was a suave, debonaire gentleman. He was a true salesman.
Married Phylis Adele Palen of Winona, Minnesota on 27 February 1923 in Clayton County, Iowa. They met in High School, and were very much in love. They eloped. Harry & Phyl moved from Iowa, to Indiana, and then Crosby, Texas.
Moved his family to Houston, Harris County, Texas in 1945.He and Phyl ran and owned “Saturday’s Tavern” in Gayhill, Texas in the 1950’s. They owned Linbar, Inc. in Houston, Harris County, Texas.Elected January 1954 Harris County Republican Chairman. Phyl and Harry resided at 4002 Arnold St., Houston, Texas, and were quite the gracious hosts.Harry & Phyl had four daughters; Yvonne Phyllis, Yvarra (Billie) Irene, Jean Marie, and Patricia (Patsy) Mae Linderman, and no sons.Grandpa Harry grieved the loss of my Grandmother in 1963, when she died of Hodgekin’s Disease. He went bankrupt and had to sell off the family business and home to pay his wife’s medical bills.
Harry remarried in 1966 to Martha Burden Preston Johnston. They resided at 2727 Drexel Dr., Houston, Texas as husband and wife in 1995 when Grandpa Harry passed away.He was the family historian and photographer. I guess you could say that I came by it rightfully.–:)Family links:
Parents:
Edward Francis Linderman (1875 – 1968)
Gudrun Ivarra Lund Linderman (1881 – 1924)Spouse:
Phyllis Eugenia Palen Linderman (1904 – 1963)Children:
Yvonne Phyllis Linderman Levesque (1924 – 2010)*
Yvarra Irene Linderman Jackson (1925 – 1985)*
Jean Marie Linderman Mancill (1927 – 2012)*
Patricia Mae Linderman Cooke (1929 – 2000)*
Burial:
Forest Park Westheimer Cemetery
Houston
Harris County
Texas, USA
Created by: TEXAS TUDORS
Record added: Aug 21, 2007
Find A Grave Memorial# 21069606
Harry William Billie Linderman
Added by: TEXAS TUDORS
Harry William Billie Linderman

HARRY WAS RAISED LUTHERAN. HE WAS THE ONLY SON OF EDWARD & GUDRUN LINDERMAN. HIS FATHER NICKNAMED HIM “BILLIE”, AND HIS MOTHER CALLED HIS FATHER” EDY”. EDWARD CALLED GUDRUN “GUD”. HE HAD THREE SISTERS, GLADYS, IRENE, AND EVELYN LINDERMAN. HARRY LINDERMAN WAS THE GRANDSON OF MARY LINDERMAN OF WINONA, MINNESOTA, GREAT-GRANDSON OF ABRAHAM & MARY LINDERMAN OF WINONA, MINNESOTA AND CRAWFORD, NEW YORK. HARRY WAS SUAVE, DEBONAIRE, WELL-MANNERED GENTLEMAN. HARRY MARRIED PHYLIS ADELE PALEN. HE WAS RAISED AT 705 WEST THIRD ST, DUBUQUE,DUBUQUE CO, IOWA. THE LINDERMAN CHILDREN WERE RAISED LUTHERAN. HE ATTENDED LINCOLN SCHOOL, DUBUQUE,IOWA FROM SEPT. 1909- JUNE 1915. GRANDPA’S GRADES WERE ALL A’S. HARRY GRADUATED FROM DUBUQUE HIGH SCHOOL IN JUNE 1921. HE WAS A VERY INTELLIGENT,WELL MANNERED GENTLEMAN. HARRY WAS A SUAVE, DEBONAIRE GENTLEMEN. HARRY WORKED AS DISTRICT SALESMAN,AND THEN SALES MANAGER IN THE REFRACTORY [FIRE BRICK] DEPARTMENT, AT HOUSTON BUILDER’S SUPPLY, AT 119 NORTH HAMILTON, HOUSTON, TEXAS. THEN, HARRY AND PHYLIS PALEN LINDERMAN, STARTED THEIR OWN BUSINESS IN HOUSTON,TEXAS, CALLED “LINBAR INC,” IN 1952, AND RAN IT UP UNTIL 1970. IT WAS INSTALLING FURNACES. HE WORKED FOR “FLEXIBLE WALLS,INC.” FROM 1970-1972. “DRYWALL INC.” FROM 1972-1977, AND “EAVES CONSTRUCTION, INC.” FROM 1977-1982. HARRY RETIRED FROM HIS BOOKKEEPING POSITION WITH “EAVES CONSTRUCTION, INC. AT THE AGE OF 80 IN 1982. HARRY & PHYL BOUGHT A HOME AT 4002 ARNOLD IN WEST UNIVERSITY PLACE, HOUSTON,TEXAS. THEY ALSO BUILT A SUMMER PLACE, AND A TAVERN IN GAYHILL, BURLESON CO, TEXAS. THE TAVERN WAS NAMED “SATURDAY’S TAVERN”. HARRY RAN THE BAR, PHYL PLAYED THE PIANO, AND AUNT PATSY LINDERMAN COOKE & UNCLE KENNETH JACKSON SANG IN THE TAVERN. OUR FAMILY LOVED THE “NIGHT LIFE”. GRANDPA WAS THE FAMILY BARBEQUER, AND HE BUILT A HUGE, BRICK BARBEQUE PIT. HARRY & PHYL LINDERMAN, JEAN & LEROY FREDERICK, PATSY & JAY COOKE, AND BILLIE & KEN JACKSON SPENT MANY A SUMMER WEEKEND TOGETHER IN THE COUNTRY. HARRY WILLIAM LINDERMAN WAS THE CHAIRMAN OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY OF HARRIS COUNTY IN 1954. HARRY SOLD THE FAMILY HOME AT 4002 ARNOLD TO HELP PAY FOR PHYL’S MEDICAL BILLS. PHYLIS PALEN LINDERMAN DIED OF HODGEKIN’S DISEASE ON 27 DEC. 1963, IN HOUSTON, HARRIS COUNTY, TEXAS.
HARRY’S SECOND WIFE WAS MARTHA BURDEN JOHNSTON. THEY MARRIED IN RICHMOND,FORT BEND COUNTY, TEXAS ON JULY 13, 1966. HARRY AND MATTYE RESIDED AT 2727 DREXEL DRIVE, HOUSTON,TEXAS FROM 1966 TO 1995. THEY WERE MARRIED FOR TWENTY EIGHT YEARS. GRANDPA HARRY WAS THE FAMILY PHOTOGRAPHER, AND HISTORIAN. BETWEEN 1950 AND1960 GRANDPA TOOK ROLLS AND ROLLS OF 8mm. MOVIE FILM OF OUR FAMILY. MOST OF THE ROLLS WERE DESTROYED IN THE FLOOD FROM TROPICAL STORM ALLISON ON 8 JUNE 2001, AT 11039 LAFFERTY OAKS STREET, HOUSTON, TEXAS. GRANDPA-HARRY WILLIAM & GRANDMA-PHYL ADELE PALEN LINDERMAN WERE ALWAYS THE GRACIOUS HOSTS. THEY WERE LOVED BY ALL. HARRY’S FATHER WAS GERMAN, AND HIS MOTHER WAS NORWEGIAN. HARRY’S WORD WAS HIS BOND. HE WAS HONEST,HARD-WORKING, AND RESPONSIBLE. HE LOVED HIS FAMILY! THIS LINDERMAN DESCENDANT IS VERY PROUD OF HIM.
written by Sally Ann Frederick Fallin Brown Tudor

ALL Of My Ancestors Have Fought and Died To Save America From Communism!

Image result for tyranny pictures

Related imageImage result for tyranny pictures

ALL Of My Ancestors Have Fought and Died To Save America FROM Communism! They Emigrated From Europe To Escape Socialism and Communism, for Freedom of Religion, and To Have A Better Life! They all came her legally, learned English, assimilated into American society, and pledged allegiance to the United States of America.

NONE of them Froze, and Bled, and Died to allow America’s Liberties and Freedoms to be REMOVED by the Demon-Rats, Socialists, and Communists! Our White House and our Congress have been INVADED by them. The “Enemy Within” is working for the Devil NOT God

My Fifth Great Maternal Grandfather, Johann Jacob Linderman, emigrated in 1740 to Pennsylvania and he helped to build these “United States of America”. He was in the Pennsylvania Colonial Army. He worked for everything that he got for our family. I am proud to be one of his descendants.

I will do whatever I am able to do~ to help save our beloved America from the “Enemy Within”, the Socialist=Demon-Rats=Communists trying to destroy the United States of America! We will not submit to their tyranny and we will not give up our guns or our “right to defend ourselves and our families and friends” from the evil ones.

Anyone who wants Communism needs to get the hell out of America, and go to a Communist country! There are plenty of them! Stop coming from your third world “shit-holes”, and trying to change our beloved country into the “hell-hole” you crawled out of! God bless America. God save America from the “Evil Within”!!

United States of America
United States of America (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

My Johann Wolfgang von Goethe’s Favorite Quotes

 

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was a German writer, artist, and politician. His body of work includes epic and lyric poetry written in a variety of metres and styles; prose and verse dramas; memoirs; Wikipedia
Born: August 28, 1749, Frankfurt
Died: March 22, 1832, Weimar
SpouseChristiane Vulpius (m. 1806–1816)
Poems: Der Erlkönig, Prometheus, The Sorcerer’s Apprentice, More

Whatever you can do or dream you can, begin it. Boldness has genius, power, and magic in it.
As soon as you trust yourself, you will know how to live.
 
Knowing is not enough; we must apply. Willing is not enough; we must do.
Kindness is the golden chain by which society is bound together.
JOHANN WOLFGANG VON GOETHE  (1749-1832) (Photo credit: Frank Carman)
EducationUniversity of Strasbourg (1770 – 1771), University of Leipzig (1765 – 1768)

“If you treat an individual as he is, he will remain how he is. But if you treat him as if he were what he ought to be and could be, he will become what he ought to be and could be.”

― Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Deutsch: Bildnis Johann Wolfgang von Goethe; W...

Bavarian Alps, Pfalz, Bavaria, Germany

Christmas in the Bavarian Alps, GermanyBlue Christmas in the Snow

Christmas in Bavarian Alps. Bavaria , formally the Free State of Bavaria , is a state of Germany , located in the southeast of Germany. With an area of, it is the largest state by area, forming almost 20% of the total land area of Germany. Bavaria is Germany’s second most populous state (after North Rhine-Westphalia ), with 12.5 million inhabitants, more than any of the three sovereign nations on its borders. Bavaria’s capital and largest city is Munich , the third largest city in Germany.

One of the oldest states of Europe, it was established as a duchy in the mid first millennium . In the 17th century, the Duke of Bavaria became a Prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire . The Kingdom of Bavaria existed from 1806 to 1918, and Bavaria has since been a free state (republic ). Modern Bavaria thus includes parts of the historical regions of Franconia and Swabia) .

Germany~Culture, Cuisine, and Places of Germany

Germany

More PowerPoint presentations from Anurag

I did not know that the National Tree of Germany is the Oak Tree. Mother loved the Oak Tree. I have always loved nature, and trees. I  have done the Family Trees for our family. I love history and family genealogy.

oak tree in the summer
oak tree in the summer (Photo credit: Tom-Riddle)

Europe in 1740~~The Year The Lindermans Emigrated to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Archduchess Maria Josefa (LOC)
Archduchess Maria Josefa (LOC) (Photo credit: The Library of Congress)
Empress Maria Theresia of Austria
Empress Maria Theresia of Austria (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Family of Ludwig III of Bavaria. King Ludwig I...
Family of Ludwig III of Bavaria. King Ludwig III, his consort Maria Theresia and their son crown prince Rupprecht. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
English: Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria, Pr...
English: Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria, Princess of Lorraine, second daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI. of Austria and Princess Elisabeth Christine of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel, sister of Empress Maria Theresia of Austria, wife of Prince Charles Alexandre of Lorraine, 18th century (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
English: Duchess MAria Theresia of Wuerttmbger...
English: Duchess MAria Theresia of Wuerttmbger nee Archduchess of Austria Deutsch: Herzogin Maria Theresia von WÜrttemberg geb. Erzherzogin von Österreich (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI with his wife Em...
Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI with his wife Empress Elisabeth Christine and their three daughters, Archduchesses (L-R) Maria Amalia, Maria Theresia and Maria Anna (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Palace of Schönbrunn
Palace of Schönbrunn (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Deutsch: Maria Theresia mit Maske, Ölgemälde v...
Deutsch: Maria Theresia mit Maske, Ölgemälde von Martin van Meytens (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

europe_1740

Important Historical Events between 1700 and 1792

This historical survey is meant to help the reader with eventual difficulties in understanding peculiarities in the texts offered in the decade 1782 to 1792. Most of the data were taken from W. Stein: Kulturfahrplan. Die wichtigsten Daten der Kulturgeschichte von Anbeginn bis 1795. F. A. Herbig Verlagsbuchhandlung, München-Berlin-Wien, 1976. The symbols * and  \ mean birth respectively death.

1740 Charles VI, Roman-German Emperor since 1711 and King of Hungaria (* 1685).
Charles VII Albrecht of Bavaria becomes Roman-German Emperor ( 1745).
Maria Theresia becomes Queen of Hungaria and Archduchess of Austria ( 1780).
 Frederick William I (“King of Soldiers”????), King of Prussia since 1713 (* 1688).
Frederick II (“the Great”) becomes King of Prussia ( 1786); sovereign of the “enlightened absolutism“, adherent to French culture; he reforms administration, administration of justice????, social order, and economy; abolishes torture etc.; begins the “First Silesian War” (until 1742) against Maria Theresia.

Neuschwanstein Castle in Bavaria, Germany

Dining room, Neuschwanstein Castle, Upper Bava...
Dining room, Neuschwanstein Castle, Upper Bavaria, Germany. Photograph by Joseph Albert 1886, postcard published ca. between 1890 and 1900. Detroit Publishing Co. print no. 17483. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Throne room, Neuschwanstein Castle, Upper Bava...
Throne room, Neuschwanstein Castle, Upper Bavaria, Germany. Photograph by Joseph Albert 1886, postcard published ca. between 1890 and 1900. Detroit Publishing Co. print no. 17479. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Pictures of the Tristan story, bedroom, Neusch...
Pictures of the Tristan story, bedroom, Neuschwanstein Castle, Upper Bavaria, Germany. Photograph by Joseph Albert 1886, postcard published ca. between 1890 and 1900. Detroit Publishing Co. print no. 17482. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
ludwig in kelheim
ludwig in kelheim (Photo credit: pardonreeds)
King Ludwig II. of Bavaria, Photo by Joseph Al...
King Ludwig II. of Bavaria, Photo by Joseph Albert (1825-1886), 1886. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Neuschwanstein Castle
Neuschwanstein Castle (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
English: Neuschwanstein Castle, Bavaria, Germa...
English: Neuschwanstein Castle, Bavaria, Germany; before the thunderstorm (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
English: photograph of King Ludwig II of Bavaria
English: photograph of King Ludwig II of Bavaria (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
English: The Castle Neuschwanstein - Bavaria/G...
English: The Castle Neuschwanstein – Bavaria/Germany Deutsch: Schloss Neuschwanstein (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Schloss_Neuschwanstein
Schloss_Neuschwanstein (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Neuschwanstein Castle, Bavaria, Germany
Neuschwanstein Castle, Bavaria, Germany (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Neuschwanstein Castle is a famous German castl...
Neuschwanstein Castle is a famous German castle in Schwangau, Bavaria, built by King Ludwig II of Bavaria Polski: Zamek Neuschwanstein to znany zamek w niemieckim Schwangau, Bawaria, wybudowany przez Ludwika II Bawarskiego (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
English: Castle Neuschwanstein Deutsch: Schlos...
English: Castle Neuschwanstein Deutsch: Schloss Neuschwanstein Tiếng Việt: Lâu đài Neuschwanstein (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The magnificent Neuschwanstein Castle in Bavaria, to remember the story of Ludwig II and his desire to build a castle that would be remembered forever.

Castle~Germany

Neuschwanstein Castle (German: Schloss Neuschwanstein) is without question one of the most beautiful castles in world. Built in the 19th century, this Neo-Romanesque masterpiece was commissioned by Ludwig II, King of Bavaria.Ludwig II was fascinated by sagas and fantasies. Many of the castle’s rooms and decor pay homage to the legend of the Knight of the Swan, a medieval tale that inspired the opera Lohengrin by one of Ludwig’s friends, the great German composer Richard Wagner.As time passed by, Ludwig II started to lead the life of a recluse inside the castle. With time he identified himself with Percival (German: Parzival), a legendary medieval figure who became the “Grail King” in honor of his purity and faith. This made Ludwig redesign the “Audience Room” and turn it into the Grail Hall, a sumptuous monument to kingship and the divine right of kings.However Ludwig’s constant desire to make the castle even more luxurious left him with a great number of debts. Finally in 1885, foreign banks threatened to seize his property, a situation to which Ludwig refused to react rationally. This in return took the Government to declare Ludwig insane and intern him in Castle Berg near Munich on 12 June 1886.

The next day, after Ludwig had gone for a walk with his psychiatrist Dr. Gudden, he was found drowned under mysterious circumstances in Lake Starnberg. He was together with Dr. Gudden and no one reported to have seen or heard anything. After Ludwig’s death, the castle and its entire splendor was opened to the public.

Nowadays,  Neuschwanstein Castle, meaning “New Swan Stone” Castle, is the most photographed place in Germany with over 1.3 million visitors each year. The inspiration of Walt Disney’s Sleeping Beauty Castle in Disneyland and a global symbol of the era of Romanticism, this wonderful building and the story of Ludwig’s life are sure to remain in the hearts of people for a very long time.

Neuschwanstein-Castle-Bavaria-Germany

Castle Neuschwanstein at Schwangau, Bavaria, G...
Castle Neuschwanstein at Schwangau, Bavaria, Germany (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
The Neuschwanstein castle.
The Neuschwanstein castle. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 
Schloss Neuschwanstein, Dvorac Neuschwanstein, Ludwig II, king of Bavaria, Ludwig von Beethoven: Romanca For Violin&Orchestra Op.50
Related articles

Uploaded on Sep 16, 2011

King Ludwig the Second (1845-1886) was known as the ‘Mad Monarch of Bavaria’ but left in his passing a series of fantastic castles that are visited by over 3 million people a year and recognized the world over. This is the unusual story of an ill-fated King and his tragic end, his strange relationship to the composer Richard Wagner and a first-hand visit to his famous creations. I also hoped to illustrate how the lush musical selections of Wagner conveying the beauty of the Bavarian mountains and countryside helped to shape the majestic fantasies of King Ludwig. Hosted by Munich’s own Octoberfest Queen, Ms. Brigitte Viez with observations, video and photography by Bruce Blank and Charlene Henning.

My Fourth Great Granduncle~Pvt. Cornelius Linderman~New York Militia

My Fourth Great Granduncle~Pvt. Cornelius Linderman~served in the New York Militia from 19 April 1775 to 1783 during the American Revolutionary War.

Pvt. Cornelius Linderman
Birth: Mar. 29, 1756
Wallkill,
Ulster County
New York, USA
Death: Feb. 8, 1848
Ithaca
Tompkins County
New York, USA

Son of Pvt. Johann Jacob Linderman and Catharina (McLean) Linderman.Husband of Antje “Anna” Jung (Young) Linderman.

Father of Isaac, Ezekial, Elshe, Jacob, Cornelius, William, Henry, John, Elsie, Anna, Alche, Elizabeth, Nancy, Jane, Mary and Catherine.

Veteran of the American Revolutionary War
DAR Patriot Ancestor# A070545.
Ulster County Militia, 4th Regiment.
Dutchess County Militia, 6th Regiment.
(1)Capts Graham, Millspaw, Barclay, Mole.
(2)Cols Hasbrouck, Paulding & McLaugherty.

Died age 91 years, 10 months & 9 days

Family links:

Spouse:
Anna Young Linderman (1759 – 1841)

also spelled as Antje Jung

 
Burial:
Ithaca City Cemetery
Ithaca
Tompkins County
New York, USA
Plot: ws-b-86-1
 
Maintained by: ladymayflowerCreated by: sjs953
Record added: Jan 07, 2010
Find A Grave Memorial# 46434820
Cornelius Linderman
Added by: John & Dolores Chase
 
Cornelius Linderman
Added by: sjs953
 
Cornelius Linderman
Added by: sjs953
 

 

Minolta DSC

new-york-militia

Bodine’s Bridge, Montgomery, Orange County, New York.

Bodine's Bridge, Montgomery, Orange County, New York.

Bodine’s Bridge carries NY 211 across the Wallkill River, a mile (1.6 km) south (west by the highway’s signed direction) of the village of Montgomery, New York, USA, near Orange County Airport. At 340 feet (103 m) in length, the steel through truss is the longest bridge along Route 211. The current bridge was built in 1933, and reconstructed in 1970.

My maternal fifth great grandparents moved in 1790 to Montgomery, New York from Germantown, Pennsylvania.

Christmas in Germany

Advent
Advent (Photo credit: el_staplador)
Advent banner, 5911-5916
Advent banner, 5911-5916 (Photo credit: Light from Light)
Christmas tree
Christmas tree (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Weihnachtraum-Germany

Holly Belsnickel CHRISTmas Santa

Blue Christmas in the Snow

Christmas Trees are very important in Germany. They were first used in Germany during the Middle Ages. If there are young children in the house, the trees are usually secretly decorated by the Mother of the family. The Christmas tree was traditionally brought into the house on Christmas eve, and during that evening the family would read the Bible and sing Christmas songs such as O Tannenbaum, Ihr Kinderlein Kommet and Stille Nacht (Slient Night).

Sometimes wooden frames, covered with coloured plastic sheets and with electric candles inside, are put in windows to make the house look pretty from the outside.

Christmas Eve is the main day when Germans exchange presents with their families.

In German Merry Christmas is ‘Frohe Weihnacht’. 

A big part of the Christmas celebrations in Germany is Advent. Several different types of Advent calendars are used in German homes. As well as the traditional one made of card that is used in many countries, there are ones made out of a wreath of Fir tree branches with 24 decorated boxes or bags hanging from it. Each box or bag has a little present in it. Another type is called a ‘Advent Kranz’ and is a ring of fir branches that has four candles on it. This is like the Advent candles that are sometimes used in Churches. One candle is lit at the beginning at each week of Advent.

Germany is well known for its Christmas Markets where all sorts of Christmas foods and decorations are sold. Perhaps the most famous German decorations are glass ornaments. The glass ornaments were originally hand blown glass and were imported in the USA in 1880s by the Woolworth stores. The legend of the glass ‘Christmas Pickle‘ is famous in the USA, but it’s that, a legend. Most people in Germany have never heard of the Christmas Pickle!

In some parts of Germany, children write to the ‘Christkind‘ (‘The Christ Child’ in English) asking for presents. The letters to the Christkind are decorated with sugar glued to the envelope to make them sparkly and attractive to look at. Children leave the letters on the windowsill at the beginning of or during Advent.

The Christkind is often described as a young girl with ‘Christ like’ qualities. In Nürnberg a young girl is chosen every year to participate in a parade as the Christkind. She wears a long white and gold dress, has long blond curly hair and wears a gold crown and sometimes wings like an angel. This is similar to St Lucia is Sweden. (And it can seem a bit confusing calling the ‘Christ Child’, Jesus, a girl!)

The Nürnberg Christkind officially opens the Christmas market on the Friday before Advent starts. And before Christmas she has over 150 ‘official duties’ including visiting hospitals, old people’s homes and children’s nurseries! She also has to give TV interviews and visit other cities.

Santa Claus or Father Christmas (der Weihnachtsmann) brings the presents on December 24th. December 6th is St. Nicholas‘ Day and “der Nikolaus” brings some small gifts, such as sweets and chocolate, to the children. He comes in the night between the 5th and the 6th and puts the presents into the shoes of the children, who usually place them by their doors on the previous evening. In some regions of Germany, there is a character called “Knecht Ruprecht” or “Krampus” who accompanies Nikolaus (St. Nicholas) on the 6th of December. He is big horned monster clothed in rags and carries a birch. He will punish the children who were bad and will give them a birch as a present. He is usually the one who scares the little children. In other parts of Germany, St. Nicholas is followed by a small person called “Schwarz Peter” (Black Peter) who carries a small whip. Black Peter also accompanies St. Nicholas or Sinterklaas in Holland. In north west Germany Santa is joined by Belsnickel a man dressed all in fur.

Some people say that Santa/Father Christmas (Weihnachtsmann) brings the presents and some say it is Christkind!

At small work places and school parties, secret presents are often exchanged. A door is opened just wide enough for small presents to be thrown into the room. The presents are then passed around among the people until each person has the correct present! It is thought to be bad luck to find out who sent each present.

Another tradition is the Sternsinger (or star singers) who go from house to house, sing a song and collect money for charity (this is a predominantly Catholic tradition). They are four children, three who dress up like the Wise men and one carries a star on a stick as a symbol for the Star of Bethlehem. When they’re finished singing, they write a signature with chalk over the door of the house. The sign is written in a special way, so Christmas 2012 would be: 20*C*M*B*12. It is considered to be bad luck to wash the sign away – it has to fade by itself. It has usually faded by the 6th of January (Epiphany). The Sternsingers visit houses between December 27th and January 6th.

Carp or Goose are often served for the main Christmas meal. Stollen is a popular fruited yeast bread that is eaten at Christmas. Here is a recipe for Stollen.

Thank you to Céline Krimmel for her help in giving me information on Christmas in Germany!

Nederlands: Sinterklaas tijdens het Het Feest ...
Nederlands: Sinterklaas tijdens het Het Feest van Sinterklaas (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Pennsylvania German~~~Christmas Traditions

Nederlands: Sinterklaas tijdens het Het Feest ...

Pennsylvania German Christmas Traditions

The mosaic of ethnic backgrounds present in Amish Country have resulted in a rich tapestry of Old and New World Christmas customs. Many of the most interesting traditions are unique to our Pennsylvania German heritage.

Candles

Candles, of course, have always been a part of Christmas celebrations. In Old World Germany, Martin Luther is credited as being the first person to put candles on a tree, “to represent the glory and beauty of the stars above Bethlehem.” In Ireland, the old custom was to “leave a candle burning in the window to light the way for the Christ Child on Christmas Eve.” It is interesting to note the old tradition in Europe of “illumination,” whereby the birthday of a prince was celebrated by putting candles in the windows.

In the Windows

Visitors to Amish Country notice that we often have candles in our windows all year, not just during the holiday season. The year-round practice apparently started several years ago when a local tourist home left its Christmas candles in the windows as a sign of welcome. The idea seemed to catch on, as people found it attractive, especially in older homes. So now this nostalgic, warm look can be enjoyed by Lancastrians and visitors at any time of the year.

The Star

The Moravian religious community that settled in Lititz has preserved for us two particularly unique Christmas customs, the Moravian Star and the Christmas Putz.

The beautiful 26-point Moravian Star has long been identified with Advent and Christmas. The star originated in the Moravian school handcraft sessions in Niesky, Germany, in the mid-1800’s. The simple 26-point version is quite common, seen hanging and lighted at night on porches in Lititz. Many people are surprised to learn that the first Moravian Star was red and white, not the lovely soft white color usually seen today.

The Moravian Church in Lititz may be the only place in America where you can see a spectacular 110-point star. While the 110-point star is rarely seen here, the design was obtained from Germany, reproduced in Lititz, and first hung in the church in 1980.

The “Putz”

Nativity scenes are popular at Christmas, and the “putz” is the Pennsylvania Dutch interpretation of the crèche. Related to the old medieval mystery plays, the putz may have originated to help children better appreciate the Christmas story. The word “putz” is from the German “putzen” for “to decorate, especially to adorn a church.”

Originally, the putz consisted of wooden, clay, or tin figures arranged to depict the Nativity. There were other groupings displayed besides the Nativity scene, such as the Holy Family, the Annunciation, the shepherds in the hills, the three kings, and the flight to Egypt.

Today the making of the putz can be a family project. Decisions must be made on the background, which may involve live plants and paper painted to simulate rocks. There may be stars in the sky and angels suspended with black thread. The middle and foreground include the manger scene, often a cave, figures, animals, moss, and occasionally running water. “The aim is to depict a rolling countryside, a hillside town, and a lonely stable.”

The putz can become an elaborate display, centering on the birth of Christ, but bringing in many other themes. These added figures are usually religious, such as Sir Galahad searching for the Holy Grail, or a scene of the conversion of the Indians. Some include the use of electricity, music, and narration. But the “Putz” is not to be garish, the traditional end result should “evoke a hush of silent contemplation.”

“Beltznickel”

Our modern Santa Claus, of course, evolved over many centuries to what he is today. December 6th was St. Nicholas Day in Catholic countries of Europe, and the Rhineland area became the center of a St. Nicholas cult. With the Reformation these saints days disappeared, and Protestants changed the focus to Christmas Eve and the arrival of Beltznickel (Belsnickel).

He was a figure to be feared, wearing a hat, wig, and long, heavy coat. In addition to his bag of goodies, he could also carry a switch to “punish” naughty children. In the old tradition, this figure could visit at any time during Advent, arriving with ringing sleigh bells and gifts of nuts, candies, and fruits for the children. John Joseph Stoudt describes the old tradition as follows…

He throws the gifts on the floor, demanding a “piece” performed by the children. They have prepared for this for months, and they say a poem or sing a song. He remains stern, with grim, forbidding countenance. When Beltznickel’s whip rattled the windows. the children were frightened and he was a creature to be feared. Sunday School Festivals in the Pennsylvania Dutch countryside continue this tradition of saying a “piece” for him, even though he may not show up.

In 1822, Clement C. Moore’s verses for “A Visit from St. Nicholas,” better known today as “The Night Before Christmas,” presented the fat, jolly man arriving from the skies. In 1862, famed illustrator Thomas Nast gave him further touches, and by 1886 Santa Claus had basically become the character we know today. “Santa Claus” seems to have come from the New York Dutch settlers’ “Sinter Klaus,” or St. Nicholas.

Indeed, even “Kriss Kringles” really comes form the German for Christ Child (Christ- Kindel). In the 1800’s, children were told it was the Christ Child who brought gifts for them at Christmas. Children left baskets of hay for His mule at the door on Christmas Eve. Apparently many Pennsylvania Germans were displeased as the name and identity changed to become associated with Santa Claus.

The Tree

Finally, let us return to the Christmas tree and its German beginnings. While it is doubtful Luther started the custom …

It was among Lutherans that the tree first became a Christmas tradition. The earliest written record of a fully decorated Christmas tree dates from 1605, when a citizen of Strasbourg wrote that “at Christmas they set up fir trees in the parlors and hang upon them roses cut from many-colored paper, apples, wafers, gilt-sugar, sweets, etc.”

These Old World Germans decorated their tree “with stars, angels, toys, gilded nuts, and candies wrapped in bright papers. Later they added tinsel and lighted candles.”

It is claimed that the first known written mention of a Christmas tree in America is found in the 1821 diary of Matthew Zahn, a Lancastrian! Undoubtedly, the Christmas tree tradition was brought to America by the German settlers, and trees were fairly common by the 1820’s. It may very well be that Lancaster is the home of the Christmas tree in America!

Our Heritage

Regardless of your feelings concerning Christmas celebrations today, it is clear we owe a great deal to the Pennsylvania Germans who brought their customs to the New World. In understanding this heritage, perhaps we can better appreciate the real meanings and history behind the symbols and modern images so prevalent today.

Amish Country News Cover Article by Brad Igou (Winter 1998)

English: Santa Claus as illustrated in , v. 52...
English: Santa Claus as illustrated in , v. 52, no. 1344 (December 3 1902), cover. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Mother’s Funeral at the Oaklawn Cemetery, Somerville, Texas, March 2012

All the cousins made possible because of Jean Marie Linderman Frederick Mancill and Leroy Eugene Frederick. Daniel Renz, standing behind Keli— with Jason FallinCraig Moore,Sarah MooreKeli DanielsDrew VanderfordJustin VanderfordJoseph FrederickRobin Sira Brant,Stefanie Hyden Bush and Johnathan Frederick atOaklawn Cemetery, Somerville, TX.Jean Mancill funeral, March 2012, Somerville, TX

St. Nicholas, Santa Claus and German Christkindl

St. Nicholas, Santa Claus and German Christkindl

Christine Bude Nyholm

Several years ago I saw a delightful sight in Baden-Baden in southern Germany. It was December 6, so the Christmas season was in full swing. The Christkindl Market was in town and the mood was merry. It was a rainy, dreary evening as I walked from the public spa to the hotel. Chilled and anxious to get to the warmth of the hotel room, I was surprised to see a crowd gathered in the rain, looking upward. I followed the direction of their gaze and saw St. Nicholas perched on the second floor ledge of a corner building. He appeared to have stepped out onto the ledge through a window.He wasn’t going to jump. St. Nicholas was entertaining the crowd. As I recall, he was a tall, thin gentleman, wearing a long red coat and a long white beard. St. Nicholas Day was not a day that we observed in my family, but I had heard of the tradition. I surmised that this was St. Nick who filled children’s shoes with candy.

St. Nicholas was playful as he looked down on the crowd, making a striking figure. Soon two of his helpers stepped out on the ledge and stood beside him.

It was a delightful scenario and it left me wondering about the difference between St. Nicholas and Santa Claus. Here is what I found.

St. NIcholas & Santa Claus

St. Nicholas is a saint of the Catholic Religion. Although he is related to Santa Claus in appearance and function, there are important differences. Santa Claus is a secular figure who gives gifts on Christmas Eve on Christmas Day.

According to The History of Santa Claus on the website, The North Pole, St. Nicholas ws the patron saint of children and seafarers. In the Protestant areas of northern and central Germany, St. Nicholas later became known as der Weinachtsmass. In England he became known as Father Christmas. He made his way to the United States with Dutch immigrants, where Sinter Klaas become Santa Claus.

Religious Reform, Martin Luther and Christkindl

Religious reformer, Martin Luther, the father of the Protestant religion, is credited with starting the custom of giving gifts to children on Christmas Day. The gifts were supposed to be from the Christ Child, called Christkindl. Christkindl appeared much like an angel, wearing while robes and a golden crown. According to legend, Luther started to tradition of giving gifts on Christmas as a substitute for the Catholic saint day of December 6.

Germany has a facinating history in the Christian Faith. Catholicism was the state religion until the 1500’s, when the advent of the Protestant Reformation shook the world. Martin Luther translated the Latin Bible into German, meaning that the common literate man was able to read the Word of God for the first time.

Luther was not the first reformer to translate the Holy Bible. A century before Luther’s Day, Jan Hus translated the Bible into Czechoslovakian. Hus was a priest who was branded a heretic and burned a the stake in Constance in Southern Germany.

Historians know that the battle between Catholic and Protestant was a bloody one, as Catholics fought to maintain control and Reformers fought for the right to worship by reading a bible in the common language. There is an excellent movie about this subject, by the name of Luther, produced in 2003.

St. Nicholas, Santa Claus and Christkindl

Through the years, the traditions seemed to have merged, with the Santa Claus, appearing much like St. Nicholas, the bearer of gifts on Christmas Day.

Today the battles are forgotten by many. St. Nicholas, Christkindl and Santa Claus are all characters that are recognized as symbols of Christmas in Germany, and in other countries.

Christian Faith and Christmas

The Christian faith is based upon the belief that God came to earth and a tiny infant who grew to be a man who created the bridge too salvation. That is the real reason to celebrate Christmas.

Merry Christmas!

Christmas Markets in Germany

Booths offer traditional Thuringian handcrafts and sweets and a big Ferris wheel stand at the Christmas Fair during heavy rain in front of the Mariendom (Cathedral of Mary), center left, and St. Severi’s Church, right, in Erfurt, central Germany, Wednesday, Nov. 28, 2012. The Erfurt Christmas Market is one of the most beautiful Christmas Markets in Germany. The square is decorated with a huge, candle-lit Christmas tree and a large, hand-carved nativity scene. (AP Photo/Jens Meyer)

Gartenzwerg Means Literally “garden dwarf” in Germany

Gardengnome face

Garden gnome 01050
Garden gnome 01050 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
A picture of a "liberated" gnome at ...
A picture of a “liberated” gnome at Big Ben in London (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
English: a mushroom-holding garden gnome Neder...
English: a mushroom-holding garden gnome Nederlands: Tuinkabouter met paddestoel (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
English: a garden gnome in italy
English: a garden gnome in italy (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Norwegian garden gnome
Norwegian garden gnome (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
A replica of Lampy the Lamport Gnome
A replica of Lampy the Lamport Gnome (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Small garden gnome

A garden gnome or lawn gnome is a figurine of a small humanoid creature, usually wearing a pointy hat, produced for the purpose of ornamentation and protection from evil sorcery, typically of gardens or on lawns. These figurines originate in 19th century Germany, where they became known as Gartenzwerg (literally “garden dwarf“). The application of the term gnome in English is first attested in the 1930s.  

Gnomes are often depicted as having beards and are typically males, and usually wear red hats and are known to smoke pipes. They are made in various poses and pursuing various pastimes, such as fishing or napping.[11]

Gnomes have become controversial in serious gardening circles in the UK, and have been banned from the prestigious Chelsea Flower Show as the organisers claim that they detract from the garden designs. Gnome enthusiasts accuse the organisers of snobberybecause they are popular in working class and suburban gardens.[12]

Gnomes may be made from terracotta clay slip (runny clay) poured into molds. This is allowed to set up and the excess emptied from the centre leaving a clay shell. The gnome is removed from the mold when firm, then allowed to dry and then fired in a kiln until hard. Once cooled the gnome is painted. More modern gnomes are made from resins and similar materials. source: Wikipedia

German garden gnome

Santa Garden Gnome

My mother was fond of Gnomes, but I had never thought anything of them, except that they were kind of cute.  My husband has carved us Garden Gnomes out of wood from a tree that was blown down by Hurricane Ike. He even made me one with a Santa Claus suit. 

My Linderman ancestor, my fifth great grandfather was Johann Jacob Linderman (Lindermann). He was 18, and EMIGRATED FROM ZWEIBRUCKEN, GERMANY TO ROTTERDAM, AMSTERDAM, [THE NETHERLANDS], ON 25 NOVEMBER 1740, ON THE SHIP: LOYAL JUDITH, CAPTAIN LOVELL PAINTER WAS THE  COMMANDER, TO THE PORT OF PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA. IT WAS A TWELVE WEEK TRIP. Johann Jacob Linderman  resided in German Flatts, Germantown Township, Pennsylvania in December 1740.

He married Catharine McLean in 1743 in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. They had eleven children together.

Holly Belsnickel CHRISTmas Santa

The History of Saint Nicholas

The History of Saint Nicholas

From Saint Nicholas through the middle ages and up to our modern day Santa. Discover the travels and evolution of the World’s most prominent “gift -giver.” Saint Nicholas – a brief history

St. Nicholas was born in 280 AD, in Patara, a city of Lycia, in Asia Minor. He became the gift giver of Myra. His gifts were given late at night, so that the gift giver’s identity would remain a secret. St Nicholas was eventually named the patron saint of children, sailors, Russia and Greece.

St. Nicholas was a Christian priest, who later became a bishop. He was a rich person, and traveled the country helping people, giving gifts of money and other presents. St. Nicholas did not like to be seen when he gave away presents, so the children of the day were told to go to sleep quickly or he would not come! Nothing has changed and Santa Claus will not arrive this Christmas unless the children go to sleep early.

A famous story about St. Nicholas, is about a poor man who had no money to give to his three daughters on their wedding day. St Nick dropped bags of gold into the stockings which the girls had left to dry by the fire. The sisters found the gold and ever since, children have hung up stockings on Christmas Eve hoping that they will be filled with presents by Christmas morning.

Despite being quite young Nicholas had earned a reputation for kindliness and wisdom. In the year 303, the Roman emperor Diocletian commanded all the citizens of the Roman Empire, which included Asia Minor, to worship him as a god.

Christians believed in one god and one god alone, so their conscience would not allow them to obey the Emperor’s order. Angered by their stubbornness, Diocletian warnd the Christians that they would be imprisoned. The Emperor carried out the threat and St Nicholas who resisted too was also imprisoned. For more than five years, St Nicholas was confined to a small cell. He suffered from cold, hunger, and thirst, but he never wavered in his beliefs. In 313, when Diocletian resigned, and Constantine came to power Nicholas was released, and he returned to his post as Bishop of Myra. He continued his good works and became even wiser and more understanding by the time of his death on December 6, 343.

In the eyes of the Catholics, a saint is someone who has lived such a holy life that, after dying and going to heaven, he or she is still able to help people on earth. They often become patron to different groups of people – one such was children and many legends sprang up to explain his presence.

By 450, churches in Asia Minor and Greece were being named in honor of him. By 800, he was officially recognized as the a saint by the Eastern Catholic Church.

In the 1200s, December sixth began to be celebrated as Bishop Nicholas Day in France.

By end of the 1400s, St Nicholas was the third most beloved religious figure, after Jesus and Mary. There were more than 2000 chapels and monasteries named after him.

In the 1500s people in England stopped worshipping St Nicholas and favored more another gift giving figure Father Christmas. Over the centuries, St. Nicholas’ popularity grew, and many people in Europe made up new stories that showed his concern for children. The name Santa Claus was derived from the Dutch Sinter Klass pronunciation of St. Nicholas. Early Dutch settlers in New York (once called New Amsterdam) brought their traditions of St Nicholas. As children from other countries tried to pronounce Sinter Klass, this soon became Santa Klass, which was settled as Santa Claus. The old bishop’s cloak with mitre, jewelled gloves and crozier were soon replaced with his red suit and clothing seen in other modern images.

In Germanic countries, it sometimes became hard to tell where the legend of Nicholas began and that of Woden (or Odin) ended. Somewhere along the line, probably tied to the gold-giving story, people began giving presents in his name on his feast day. When the Reformation came along, his following disappeared in all the Protestant countries except Holland, where his legend continued as Sinterklass. Martin Luther, for example, replaced this bearer of gifts with the Christ Child, or, in German, Christkindl. Over the years, that became repronounced Kriss Kringle, and ironically is now considered another name for Santa Claus.

Saint Nicholas (Greek: Ἅγιος Νικόλαος, Hagios [“Saint”, literally “Holy”, Latin: Sanctus] Nicolaus [“victory of the people”]) (270 – 6 December 343),[3][4] also called Nikolaos of Myra, was a historic 4th-century saint and Greek[5] Bishop of Myra (Demre, part of modern-day Turkey) in Lycia. Because of the many miracles attributed to his intercession, he is also known as Nikolaos the Wonderworker (Νικόλαος ὁ Θαυματουργός, Nikolaos ho Thaumaturgos).

He had a reputation for secret gift-giving, such as putting coins in the shoes of those who left them out for him, and thus became the model for Santa Claus, whose modern name comes from the Dutch Sinterklaas, itself from a series of elisions and corruptions of the transliteration of “Saint Nikolaos”.

His reputation evolved among the faithful, as was common for early Christian saints.[6] In 1087, part of the relics (about half of the bones) were furtively translated to Bari, in southeastern Italy; for this reason, he is also known as Nikolaos of Bari. The remaining bones were taken to Venice in 1100. His feast day is 6 December [O.S. 19 December].

The historical Saint Nicholas is remembered and revered among Catholic and Orthodox Christians. He is also honored by various Anglican and Lutheran churches. Saint Nicholas is the patron saint of sailors, merchants, archers, thieves, children, pawnbrokers and students in various countries in the Balkans and Eastern Europe (Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Georgia, Greece, Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia), as well as in parts of Western Europe (Belgium, France, the Netherlands, Portugal).

He is also the patron saint of Aberdeen, Amsterdam, Barranquilla, Bari, Burgas, Beit Jala, Fribourg, Huguenots, Kozani, Liverpool, Paternopoli, Sassari, Siggiewi, and Lorraine. He was also a patron of the Varangian Guard of the Byzantine emperors, who protected his relics in Bari.

source: Wikipedia

Germantown Celebrates Its 300th Birthday

English: Dip at creek crossing along NY 9G in ...
English: Dip at creek crossing along NY 9G in Germantown, NY, USA (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
View of Catskills looking over Hudson River fr...
View of Catskills looking over Hudson River from near Rhinecliff, NY, USA, in the Hudson River Historic District, a National Historic Landmark (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: Stone Jug, contributing property to H...

My fourth great grandfather, Ezekiel Linderman and his wife, Margarett (Ridner) Linderman were married in the Brick Reformed German Church in Shawangunk, Ulster County, New York, on March 28, 1793.

The “poor Palatines” who settled in Columbia County 300 years ago left a rich and proud legacy

BY DAVID LEVINE PUBLISHED SEPTEMBER 14, 2010 AT 03:48 PM

Signs of the past: Located on the Fingar Farm in Germantown, this house was built into the side of a hill, a style often used by the Palatines when they first arrived

Signs of the past: Located on the Fingar Farm in Germantown, this house was built into the side of a hill, a style often used by the Palatines when they first arrived

Photographs courtesy of Germantown History Department

You don’t have to be smarter than a fifth-grader to know that this country’s first European settlers were the Dutch, Spanish, and English. But another country soon followed these pioneers and, in the end, sent more people here than any of the others. 
That country is Germany. It’s true. Ask your fifth grader — or just about anyone in the Columbia County town of Germantown. This month, Germantown celebrates the 300th anniversary of the arrival of the largest group of Hudson Valley settlers in Colonial times: farmers from the Palatine region of southwest Germany, who settled here in October 1710.

A little history: The German Palatines were natives of the Rhine ValleyPalatinate region of southwest Germany. Through much of the 17th and early 18th centuries, the region was fraught with war, famine, and devastation. Refugees were known as “the poor Palatines.”
About 13,000 poor Palatines fled to Holland and then to England between May and November 1709, but the British government failed to integrate them successfully. So they transported nearly 3,000 refugees in about a dozen ships to New York in 1710. About 850 families settled in the Valley, primarily in what are now Germantown and Saugerties. Many of them first were assigned to work camps along the Hudson to pay off the price of their passage.

map of germantownAn early map shows “Palatine Town”

“The area around Germantown was known as East Camp then,” says Nadine Rumke, a ninth-generation descendant of the Palatines and cochair of Germantown’s 300th Anniversary Committee. Rumke’s ancestors were the Hovers (then called Haber), and her family tree takes up 10 square feet of wall space. (It will be on display this month at the Parsonage, home of the Germantown History Department and the oldest structure in town, built in 1746.)

Germantown grew from four hamlets, which were established by Rumke’s ancestors and those of other residents still living in southern Columbia County. Those family names, including Rifenburgh (originally Reiffenberger), Clum (formerly Klumm), Fingar, Coons (from Kuhn), and many others still fill the local phone book and adorn nearby street signs.

Indeed, Helen Coons Henderson, 98, grew up on land that has been in her family for generations. She remembers her father, James Snyder Coons, telling stories of the early Palatine settlers’ struggles to survive. “There are stories of them eating grass in 1712,” says Henderson, who assists the Columbia County historian with research and helps the anniversary committee. Henderson’s grandmother was a Snyder, another Palatine family, originally called Schneider. These two families still celebrate Thanksgiving together, Palatine style, with fresh pork and root vegetables cooked according to 100-year-old recipes.

stone jug houseThe Stone Jug house in Clermont, which was built by Palatine tenant farmer Konradt Lasher in the mid-18th century and is a National Historic Landmark

A Rockin’ Oktoberfest

Events celebrating this tercentennial include history seminars; discussion groups; performances by the Germantown Choir; an original play put on by the students of Germantown Central School; and a concert debut by Germantown resident Harold Farberman, a renowned composer and conductor. A ecumenical church service will take place at the Christ Lutheran Church; the same location houses a Nuremberg bible from 1755 that was used by the Palatines.

A unique sculpture, the Germantown Analemma, has been created by local artists Dea Archbold and Kurt Holsapple. An astrological sundial, the analemma replicates the sun’s pathway over the Palatine settlers during their first year in their new settlement. Archbold and Holsapple, third cousins, are 10th-generation descendants of the original Palatine settlers. Practical astronomy was crucial to the Palatine farmers, they say. “They had to be very aware of where the sun was in the sky, when to plan for the harvest,” says Archbold. Holsapple adds, “We want to mark, in stone, the actual time of the Palatines’ arrival and other significant events in Germantown history.”

The initial weekend places a focus on history and heritage, with discussions and visits from nationwide experts on genealogy, DNA, and Palatine history. The Germantown Oktoberfest, this year renamed the Palatine Oktoberfest, takes place the second weekend. Highlights include festivities at Palatine Park, including farming and crafts displays, a German oompah band, a petting zoo, food, and fireworks. 
“During the first weekend, folks who think they may have Palatine roots will be able to find out more and maybe take a DNA test,” says Rumke. “We will hear great music, learn more about the history of our town, and — during the second weekend — have a wonderful time at a traditional Oktoberfest.”

reformed church of germantownSplendid spires: Organized in 1728, the Reformed Church of Germantown has used three different buildings during its history; the current structure (shown) was built in 1880

Schedule of events:

Oct. 1 Germantown Central School

Presentation to students: The Palatines from Southwest Germany
Henry Z. Jones, genealogist and historian; the Rev. David Jay Webber, historian and Palatine descendant

Oct. 2 Germantown Central School

11 a.m.: Aspects of Palatine History: The Palatines in Germantown
Prof. Philip Otterness, historian and author ofBecoming German: The 1709 Palatine Migration to New York; Henry Z. Jones, genealogist; David Jay Webber, historian; Alice Clark, Palatine DNA Project
3-4:30 p.m. Seminar participants available to discuss genealogy

Oct. 3

8-9:15 a.m.: Anniversary breakfast hosted by Christ Lutheran Church, Viewmonte
10 a.m.: Ecumenical anniversary worship service, Christ Lutheran Church
3 p.m.: Gala Palatine Concert, Reformed Church of Germantown. Premiere of commissioned work for voice and instruments by Harold Farberman, composer/conductor and longtime Germantown resident. Also features a performance of 18th-century hymns by the Southern Columbia Community Choir.

Oct. 8 Palatine Oktoberfest & Harvest Festival Kick-Off

The Palatine Parade, Main St. to Palatine Park: Wagons salute local farmers, town businesses, and GCS students, with music along the way.
Activities at Palatine Park: German, Austrian, Polish, and other varieties of music, food, crafts, demonstrations, and exhibits. Free horse- and tractor-drawn wagon rides, community bonfire

Oct. 9 Palatine Oktoberfest & Harvest Festival

11 a.m.: Opening Ceremony at Palatine Park. German, Austrian, Polish, and other varieties of music; dancing; food booths (including German dinners); crafts; demonstrations; and exhibits. Evening dance for teens, free horse- and tractor-drawn wagon rides, fireworks

Oct. 10 Palatine Oktoberfest & Harvest Festival

11 a.m.: German oompah band and other music, dancing, food booths, craft booths, demonstrations, exhibits, free horse- and tractor-drawn wagon rides
7 p.m.: Closing Ceremony

Germantown, New York
Germantown, New York (Photo credit: Dougtone)
Ongoing activities

The Palatine Analemma: An original wall sculpture designed by Palatine descendants Dea Archbold and Kurt Holsapple
Oral histories and historic documents: Germantown Library 
The Palatine Archeology Project: At the Parsonage, oldest structure in Germantown and home of the Germantown History Department. Excavation of artifacts led by Prof. Christopher Lindner, Bard College archeologist-in-residence.
Field and lab school for Germantown School students and teachers; found artifacts to be displayed in June at the Germantown Library
The Palatine Mural: Wall of the “Salt Shed,” Palatine Park: Anniversary Palatine mural on one side of the building, created by Germantown volunteers led by James Warhola, well-known children’s book author and artist.
The Palatine Plaque: A listing of Palatine families (location TBA)
For more information, visit www.germantownnyhistory.org or call 518-537-6687, ext. 30

My Maternal Grandfather, Harry William “Billy” Linderman

Second wife of my maternal grandfather,  Martha  “Mattye” Mae (Burden) Johnston Linderman & Harry William “Billy” Linderman, March 23, 1986, Houston, Texas. They married on July 13, 1966 in Richmond, Fort Bend County, Texas. They resided at 2727 Drexel Drive, Houston, Texas.

“HARRY WAS RAISED LUTHERAN. HE WAS THE ONLY SON OF EDWARD FRANCIS & GUDRUN (LUND)LINDERMAN. HIS FATHER NICKNAMED HIM “BILLY”, AND HIS MOTHER CALLED HIS FATHER” EDDIE”. EDWARD CALLED GUDRUN “GUD“. HE HAD THREE SISTERS, GLADYS, IRENE, AND EVELYN LINDERMAN.

HARRY LINDERMAN WAS THE GRANDSON OF MARY LINDERMAN OF WINONA, MINNESOTA, GREAT-GRANDSON OF ABRAHAM LINDERMAN AND MARIA A. “MARY” HAMMELL OF WINONA, MINNESOTA AND CRAWFORD, NEW YORK. HARRY WAS A SUAVE, DEBONAIR  WELL-MANNERED GENTLEMAN.

HARRY MARRIED PHYLLIS ADELE “EUGENIA” PALEN ON FEBRUARY 27, 1823 IN CLAYTON, IOWA.

HE WAS RAISED AT 705 WEST THIRD ST, DUBUQUE,DUBUQUE CO, IOWA. THE LINDERMAN CHILDREN WERE RAISED LUTHERAN. HE ATTENDED LINCOLN SCHOOL, DUBUQUE,IOWA FROM SEPT. 1909- JUNE 1915. GRANDPA’S GRADES WERE ALL A’S. HARRY GRADUATED FROM DUBUQUE HIGH SCHOOL IN JUNE 1921.

HE WAS A VERY INTELLIGENT,WELL MANNERED GENTLEMAN. HARRY WAS A SUAVE, DEBONAIR GENTLEMEN. HARRY WORKED AS DISTRICT SALESMAN,AND THEN SALES MANAGER IN THE REFRACTORY [FIRE BRICK] DEPARTMENT, AT HOUSTON BUILDER’S SUPPLY, AT 119 NORTH HAMILTON, HOUSTON, TEXAS.

THEN, HARRY AND PHYLLIS (PALEN) LINDERMAN, STARTED THEIR OWN BUSINESS IN HOUSTON,TEXAS, CALLED “LINBAR INC,” IN 1952, AND RAN IT UP UNTIL 1970. IT WAS INSTALLING FURNACES. HE WORKED FOR “FLEXIBLE WALLS,INC.” FROM 1970-1972. “DRYWALL INC.” FROM 1972-1977, AND “EAVES CONSTRUCTION, INC.” FROM 1977-1982. HARRY RETIRED FROM HIS BOOKKEEPING POSITION WITH “EAVES CONSTRUCTION, INC. AT THE AGE OF 80 IN 1982.

HARRY & PHYLLIS BOUGHT A HOME AT 4002 ARNOLD IN WEST UNIVERSITY PLACE, HOUSTON,TEXAS.

THEY ALSO BUILT A SUMMER PLACE, AND A TAVERN IN GAYHILL, BURLESON COUNTY, TEXAS. THE TAVERN WAS NAMED “SATURDAY’S TAVERN”. HARRY RAN THE BAR, PHYLLIS PLAYED THE PIANO, AND AUNT PATSY (LINDERMAN) COOKE & UNCLE KENNETH EDWARD JACKSON SANG IN THE TAVERN. OUR FAMILY LOVED THE “NIGHT LIFE”.

GRANDPA WAS THE FAMILY BARBEQUER, AND HE BUILT A HUGE, BRICK BARBECUE PIT. HARRY & PHYL LINDERMAN, JEAN & LEROY FREDERICK, PATSY & JAY COOKE, AND BILLIE & KEN JACKSON SPENT MANY A SUMMER WEEKEND TOGETHER IN THE COUNTRY.

HARRY WILLIAM LINDERMAN WAS THE CHAIRMAN OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY OF HARRIS COUNTY IN HOUSTON, TEXAS IN 1954.

HARRY SOLD THE FAMILY HOME AT 4002 ARNOLD TO HELP PAY FOR PHYL’S MEDICAL BILLS. PHYLIS PALEN LINDERMAN DIED OF HODGEKIN’S DISEASE ON 27 DEC. 1963, IN HOUSTON, HARRIS COUNTY, TEXAS.

HARRY’S SECOND WIFE WAS MARTHA “MATTYE” (BURDEN) JOHNSTON. THEY MARRIED IN RICHMOND,FORT BEND COUNTY, TEXAS ON JULY 13, 1966. HARRY AND MATTYE RESIDED AT 2727 DREXEL DRIVE, HOUSTON,TEXAS FROM 1966 TO 1995. THEY WERE MARRIED FOR TWENTY EIGHT YEARS.

GRANDPA HARRY WAS THE FAMILY PHOTOGRAPHER, AND HISTORIAN. BETWEEN 1950 AND 1960 GRANDPA TOOK ROLLS AND ROLLS OF 8mm. MOVIE FILM OF OUR FAMILY. MOST OF THE ROLLS WERE DESTROYED IN THE FLOOD FROM TROPICAL STORM ALLISON ON 8 JUNE 2001, AT 11039 LAFFERTY OAKS STREET, HOUSTON, TEXAS.

GRANDPA-HARRY WILLIAM & GRANDMA-PHYLLIS ADELE (PALEN) LINDERMAN WERE ALWAYS THE GRACIOUS HOSTS. THEY WERE LOVED BY ALL.

HARRY’S FATHER WAS GERMAN, AND HIS MOTHER WAS NORWEGIAN. HARRY’S WORD WAS HIS BOND. HE WAS HONEST, HARD-WORKING, AND RESPONSIBLE. HE LOVED HIS FAMILY! THIS LINDERMAN DESCENDANT IS VERY PROUD OF HIM.”

German Ancestors – Dubuque, Iowa

 

 

 

 

Texas Tudors' Blog

My Great Aunt Glady Serene Linderman Nelson would have been 106 years of age today. She always remembered our birthdays, even nieces and nephews, that she had never met. She never forgot to send a birthday card with a dime or quarter. She did not have much, but whatever she could send she would. It impressed on my little mind growing up, that someone all the way up in Dubuque, Iowa was thinking about me.

It made me feel special.

Besides the fact that we didn’t get much mail, and when a letter was just for me, it was exciting. Aunt Glady was a Proofreader for the Dubuque Telegraph Herald newspaper for years. She was the strong matriarch in the Nelson clan. She divorced and moved to the Linderman Home place at 705 West Third Street, Dubuque, Iowa with her widowed father. Glady cared for her father up until his…

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Jean Marie Linderman Frederick Mancill – Houston, Harris, Texas

Texas Tudor's Memorials

 

English: Photograph of the skyline of Downtown...

Jean Marie “Jeanie” Linderman Mancill
Birth: Dec. 3, 1927
Dubuque
Dubuque County
Iowa, USA
Death: Mar. 9, 2012
Rosharon
Brazoria County
Texas, USA

Jean Marie (Linderman)Frederick Mancill, daughter of Phyllis “Phyl” (Palen) Linderman and Harry William Linderman. Granddaughter of Frank Joseph Palen and Emma Elsie (Claussen) Palen, also of Edward Francis Linderman and Gudrun Ivarra (Lund)Linderman of Dubuque, Iowa.
First huband LeRoy Eugene Frederick. Married 15 November 1947, Liberty, Texas. Divorced 1968. the Frederick homestead was at 1709 Cheston Drive, Jacinto City, Texas 77029.
Six children together: Joseph Lee, Phyllis Jean, Sally Ann, Karl Thomas, Patricia Marie, and Sarah Kay Frederick.
Mother was a very loving and creative woman. She taught me how to sew at 16, she made us a braided rug(I still have today), she knitted, crocheted, needlepointed, and quilted.
Second husband Louis “Honey Lou” Clifford Mancill. Married 5 December 1968, Houston, Texas

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Germantown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania – German Ancestors

Texas Tudor's Memorials

English: Flag of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. I...English: Seal of the city of ,pennsylvania welcomes you

Johann Jacob Linderman was my fifth great grandfather who emigrated in 1740 from Obermochel, Bayern, Germany to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.  He DID help build these United States! Yes, he did build this!! JOHANN JACOB LINDERMAN SERVED IN THE AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY WAR BETWEEN 1775-1781. HE WAS IN THE COLONIAL PENNSYLVANIA ARMY.

Married Catharina McLean in Lancaster, Pennsylvania in 1743. They had eleven children together.  He resided in Germantown Township, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in December 1740. 

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Hello Family History Buffs!

Dubuque, IowaDubuque, Iowa

Germany
Germany (Photo credit: sanctumsolitude)

My mother was Jean Marie Linderman Frederick Mancill. She was born in Dubuque, Iowa on 3 December 1927, and died on 9 March 2012 in Rosharon, Texas. 

My maternal grandmother was Phylis Adele Palen Linderman, and she was born in Bemedji, Minnesota.

My maternal grandfather was Harry William Linderman born in Winona, Minnesota. My maternal grandmother was an artist and pianist. Her last painting was of some huge Sunflowers. She died from Hodgekin’s Disease at M.D. Anderson Cancer Hospital, in 1963 in Houston, Texas. My grandparents moved from Dubuque, Iowa to Indianapolis, Indiana to Houston, Texas in 1945. My grandfather had his own company, Linbar Inc. and he was a Combustion Engineer. 

My maternal great grandmother was Emma Elsie Claussen Palen who married Frank Joseph Palen of Caledonia, Minnesota.  The Palens emigrated from Bachlieden, Luxembourg in 1862. The Claussens emigrated from Hanover, Prussia, Germany in 1855.

The Lindermans emigrated from Obermoschel, Pfalz, Bayern, Germany in 1740 and helped to form these United States. My great grandmother, Gudrun Ivarra Lund emigrated from Namsos, Norway in 1896 to Ellis Island, New York, New York. She was only fifteen. She married Edward Francis Linderman in Winona, Minnesota.

I have over 12,000 people in my RootsMagic database now. I have been working on my husband’s and my family history since 1987. I have been unable to decide how to pull it all together. There is so much data, that I felt overwhelmed and procrastinated on putting my books together. I think that I have finally decided that if I don’t get this history down on paper or in books, that I will be gone and no one else is surviving in our family that would know the history that I do. I have collected so much information over these years. I will be adding more as time allows. 

lake-beltrami-bemidji-minnesota

Lake Beltrami – Bemidji, Minnesota

The American Revolutionary War: 1775-1781

Uploaded by LisaJ4Liberty on Sep 30, 2009 Hi everyone! I really didn’t make this video in order to say: rah rah America kicks ass! I’m just a fan of the principals of liberty that Jefferson, Franklin and others stood for back when the declaration of independence was written & this video is a tribute to the intellect and bravery of the founders. For those unfamiliar with American history.

This video begins with vintage pictures of the American colonists’ domestic life — circa 1776. Next, mother country England imposes its tyrannical decrees: the *Stamp Act* and the *Tea Tax*. Next, the colonists’ violent rebellions in Boston, followed by the writing of the *Declaration of Independence* by John Adams, Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin. And finally a war against England led by George Washington. The pivotal point of the war was the crossing of the Delaware River at night for a successful sneak attack on the enemy in the early morning. With the help of the French the war is finally won, and so is the Founding Fathers’ vision of an independent Constitutional Republic.

HISTORY OF ORANGE COUNTY, NEW YORK: ORANGE COUNTY WAS THE ORIGINAL COUNTY OF NEW YORK. HENRY HUDSON [ENGLISH] EXPLORED THE AREA IN 1609. IT IS NAMED FOR THE PRINCE OF ORANGE [WILLIAM III OF HOLLAND]. THE FIRST SETTLERS IN THE WALLKILL VALLEY, NEW YORK IN 1614 WERE HOLLANDERS, HUGUENOTS, AND GERMANS. SIX YEARS BEFORE THE PILGRIMS LANDED AT PLYMOUTH ROCK [BOULDER AT PLYMOUTH , MASSACHUSETTS WHERE THE PILGRIMS WHO SAILED ON THE SHIP MAYFLOWER ARE SAID TO HAVE LANDED IN 1620]; MASSACHUSETTS A NEW ENGLAND STATE, WAS ONE OF THE ORIGINAL 13 STATES OF THE U.S. CRAWFORD, ORANGE COUNTY, NEW YORK WAS HILL COUNTRY. THE DUTCH EAST INDIA COMPANY BROUGHT THE FIRST WHITE SETTLERS IN 1684, AND BUILT NEWBURGH, ORANGE COUNTY, NEW YORK. NEW YORK WAS A PROVINCE THEN WITH SHIRES, AND COUNTIES. BRICK REFORMED CHURCH IN MONTGOMERY, ORANGE COUNTY, NEW YORK WAS ESTABLISHED IN 1732. IT HAD CATECHISM CLASSES, INSTEAD OF SUNDAY SCHOOL CLASSES LIKE WE HAVE NOW IN THE 1990’S. THE LINDERMAN’S WERE SOME OF THE ORIGINAL SETTLERS OF NEW YORK IN THE 1740’S, THEY EMIGRATED TO PENNSYLVANIA IN 1684. THEY WERE LUTHERANS AND PROTESTANTS.

My fifth Great Grandfather was Johann Jacob Linderman, who emigrated to Pennsylvania in 1740 from Obermoschel, Pfalz, Germany. He was born there on 2 December 1720. Married Catherine McLean in 1743 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. They settled in Germantown Township, Pennsylvania. JOHANN JACOB LINDERMAN SERVED IN THE AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY WAR BETWEEN 1775-1781. HE WAS IN THE COLONIAL PENNSYLVANIA ARMY.

U.S. Naturalization Records: “JACOB LINTIMAN, AGE 18, EMIGRATED FROM ZWEIBRUCKEN, GERMANY TO ROTTERDAM, AMSTERDAM, [THE NETHERLANDS], ON 25 NOVEMBER 1740, ON THE SHIP: LOYAL JUDITH, CAPTAIN LOVELL PAINTER WAS THE COMMANDER, TO THE PORT OF PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA. IT WAS A TWELVE WEEK TRIP.”

Battle of Yorktown -1781 – End of American Revolutionary War

Donald Wayne Tudor

Birth: Dec. 9, 1927 Stephenville Erath County Texas, USA Death: Apr. 16, 2012 Uvalde Uvalde County Texas, USA [Edit Dates]

Parents: Sol Ross “Conrad” Tudor & Bergie Mae (Mobley) Tudor of Stephenville, Texas. His brothers, Leonard Doyle, & Raymond Horton Tudor preceded him in death. His sister, Mae Corrine Tudor (Williams) also preceded him in death. Grandparents: Thomas Benton “T.B.” Tudor & Sallie Hampton (Keith) Tudor of Tippah County, Mississippi.

Great Grandparents: Jesse Gee Tudor & Eliza Jane Boone Cutbirth Tudor of Tennessee. Married: Annie Mae (McCann) 11 May 1955 in Stephenville, TX. Wayne was a proud World War II veteran of Air Force. Children: Leonard “Len” Ross, Anita Corrine “Nita”, and Donald “Don” Raymond Tudor. Step son, Steve Morgan. Beloved father, honorable husband, and proud Air Force Veteran of World War II. Served his community all his life. He was a unselfish person, who helped when he could.

Resided: Uvalde, Texas. His wife, Annie Mae, and step son, Steve Morgan, cared for him at home until just before his passing. Died in the Uvalde Hospital, Uvalde, Texas on 16 April 2012 Visitation held in Uvalde and Stephenville, Texas. Funeral services at the Stephenville Funeral Home, Stephenville, Texas. Burial on 22 April 2012 in the West End Cemetery, Stephenville, Texas.

Parents: Sol Ross Tudor (1890 – 1968) Bergie Mae Mobley Tudor (1899 – 1941) Burial: West End Cemetery Stephenville Erath County Texas, USA Created by: TEXAS TUDORS Record added: Apr 23, 2012 Find A Grave Memorial# 88992355

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Teutoburg Forest, Germany

The Battle of the Teutoburg Forest (described as clades Variana, the Varian disaster by Roman historians) (German: Schlacht im Teutoburger Wald, Hermannsschlacht or Varusschlacht) took place in 9 CE, when an alliance of Germanic tribes led by Arminius of the Cherusci ambushed and decisively destroyed three Roman legions, along with their auxiliaries, led by Publius Quinctilius Varus. Despite numerous successful campaigns and raids by the Roman army over the Rhine in the years after the battle, the Romans were to make no more concerted attempts to conquer and permanently hold Germania beyond the river.

My Mother~~My Heroine

Birth: Dec. 3, 1927 Dubuque Dubuque County Iowa, USA Death: Mar. 9, 2012 Rosharon Brazoria County Texas, USA

Jean Marie (Linderman)Frederick Mancill, daughter of Phyllis “Phyl” (Palen) Linderman and Harry William Linderman. Granddaughter of Frank Joseph Palen and Emma Elsie (Claussen) Palen, also of Edward Francis Linderman and Gudrun Ivarra (Lund)Linderman of Dubuque, Iowa.

Wife of LeRoy Eugene Frederick. Married 15 November 1947, Liberty, Texas. Divorced 1968. Six children together: Joseph Lee, Phyllis Jean, Sally Ann, Karl Thomas, Patricia Marie, and Sarah Kay Frederick.

Wife of Louis Clifford Mancill. Married 5 December 1968, Houston, Texas. He preceded her in death. No children of this union. One step son, Michieal Wayne Mancill. Mother just passed today, March 9, 2012, in Rosharon, Texas. She left us peacefully to be with Jesus. I am so grateful to have been able to spend the last six years living together with Mother. We got to be even closer than ever. She was blessed with a good life, and a good family.

The services were held Tuesday, March 13, 2012 at Strickland Funeral Homes, in Somerville, TX, and burial followed at the same Oaklawn Cemetery, the same one where Aunt Yvonne, Uncle Kenneth, and Aunt Billie are buried.

Mother left us just like she wanted to. She was at home surrounded with family that loved her. She just drifted off, and the angels came to get her. My consolation was she was not in pain, and not alone, and I was able to be there with her for her last week of her life.

Mother’s viewing was held on Monday, March 12, 2012 from 4-9pm. The funeral services were on Tuesday, March 13, 2012 @11am @ Oaklawn Cemetery Pavilion, on Hwy. 36 in Somerville, TX. location at:, Strickland Funeral Home at 545 8th Street, SOMERVILLE, TEXAS 77879, (979)596-2133.

Family links: Parents: Harry William Linderman (1903 – 1995) Phyllis Eugenia Palen Linderman (1904 – 1963) Spouses: LeRoy Eugene Frederick (1926 – 2006) Louis Clifford Mancill (1924 – 2002) Burial: Oaklawn Cemetery Somerville Burleson County Texas, USA Created by: TEXAS TUDORS Record added: Mar 10, 2012 Find A Grave Memorial# 86532980

My Maternal 3rd. Great Grandfather, Abraham Linderman Resided in Winona, Minnesota

Sgt Abraham “Abraim” Linderman 
Birth: 
1810
Montgomery
Orange County
New York, USA
Death: 
Sep. 2, 1893
Winona
Winona County
Minnesota, USA
 
Enlisted in Civil War as Pvt. and promoted to Sgt. when he re-enlisted for the Union. A Yankee soldier. [ABRAHAM] A. LINDERMAN WAS A UNION [YANKEE] SOLDIER, ON 14 AUGUST 1862, A SERGEANT IN COMPANY F, OF THE 117th. ILLINOIS INFANTRY , ENLISTED IN CAIRO, ALEXANDER COUNTY, ILLINOIS; DURING THE CIVIL WAR BETWEEN 1862-1865, BOX #000539, EXTRAC. 0053, RECORD #0000169.
He was born in New York. His parents moved from Germantown Twp, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania to Montgomery, Orange County, New York.
His ancestors settled in Germantown Twp., Pennsylvania in 1697. His ancestors helped found America. Our Linderman ancestors fought in the American Revolutionary War, the War of 1812, American Civil War. We are proud German decendants of the Linderman family, and the Holman family were from England.
Abraham married Mary Hammell 26 November 1835 in Newfield, Orange County, New York.
They moved to Minnesota in 1856. Their homestead was at 231 E. Mark St, Winona, Minnesota.
He and Mary had one child, Mary Linderman.
God bless my poor ancestors, they lost so much.
Abraham survived the Civil War, and lived until 1893 with his beloved wife Mary, in the Linderman Home place at 231 E. Mark St., Winona, Minnesota.
His wife, Mary (Hammell) Linderman, preceded him in death, in 1884.
They are all buried together in the LINDERMAN Family Plot in Woodlawn Cemetery, Winona, Winona County, Minnesota. 
 
Family links:
 Spouse:
  Mary (Hammell) Linderman (1815 – 1884)
 
 Children:
    Mary Linderman (1859 – 1924)
Burial:
Woodlawn Cemetery
Winona
Winona County
Minnesota, USA
 
Created by: TEXAS TUDORS
Record added: Aug 21, 2007
Find A Grave Memorial# 21069099

My Minnesota Ancestors, the Linderman, Hammell, and Loftis Families

Abraham & Mary (Hammell) homestead at 231 E. Mark St., Winona, Minnesota, moved there from New York to Illinois then Minnesota in 1856.

Abraham & Mary (Hammell) homestead at 231 E. Mark St., Winona, Minnesota, moved there from New York to Illinois then Minnesota in 1856.

Abraham and Mary (Hammell) Linderman resided at 231 E. Mark Street, Winona, Minnesota until they passed away. Abraham passed away in 1893, and Mary passed away in 1884. They had one daughter, Mary Linderman. Abraham served with the Union in Illinois during the Civil War. Abraham, Mary, daughter, Mary Linderman, and Eliza “Lizzie” (Linderman) Loftus, believed to be their niece were all buried in the Woodlawn Cemetery, Winona, Minnesota together. I have not been able to ascertain who Lizzie’s parents are. Census records state that her father was born in Canada. I did not realize that we had any relatives in Canada. 

THE SURNAME “LINDERMAN” IS A VERY RARE NAME COMPARITIVELY SPEAKING, AND APPEARS TO BE LOCATIONAL IN ORIGIN. IT IS ASSOCIATED WITH THE ENGLISH MEANING,”ONE WHO LIVED AT OR NEAR  A LIME TREE.”   KNOWING THAT DIFFERENT SPELLINGS OF THE SAME ORIGINAL SURNAME ARE A COMMON OCCURENCE, IT IS NOT SURPRISING THAT DICTIONARIES OF SURNAMES INDICATE PROBABLE SPELLING VARIATIONS OF THE “LINDERMAN” SURNAME TO BE: “LINDERMANN, LIMDERMAN, LIMDERMANN, LINDERMANS, LINDENMANN, LENDERMAN, AND LINDEMAN.”  

ALTHOUGH BEARERS OF THE OLD AND DISTINGUISHED “LINDERMAN” NAME COMPRISE A SMALL PERCENTAGE OF INDIVIDUALS LIVING IN THE UNITED STATES, THERE MAY BE A LARGE NUMBER OF YOUR DIRECT RELATIVES WHO ARE USING ONE OF THE “LINDERMAN” NAME VARIATIONS. MOST GERMAN NAMES ARE DERIVED FROM OCCUPATIONS, COLORS, OR LOCATIONS.

THE “LINDERMAN” COAT OF ARMS CONTAINS PURPLE WHICH STANDS FOR LOYALITY AND SPLENDOR, RED WHICH SYMBOLIZES FORTITUDE AND CREATIVE POWER, ALSO GREEN WHICH REPRESENTS HOPE, VITALITY, AND PLENTY.  SILVER REPRESENTS SERENITY AND NOBILITY. GOLD(OR YELLOW) DENOTES GENEROSITY, VALOR, OR PERSERVERANCE.  IT HAS A “LIME TREE” ON THE COAT OF ARMS, AND ALSO ABOVE THE SHIELD AND HELMET IS THE CREST WHICH IS DESCRIBED AS:  “THE LIME TREE”.

IN THE YEAR 1982, THERE WERE “LINDERMANS” LIVING IN 50 OF THE 50 STATES AND THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. THE MOST POPULOUS STATE FOR “LINDERMANS” HAPPENED TO BE CALIFORNIA WITH 127 “LINDERMAN” HOUSEHOLDS. THERE WERE 20 “LINDERMAN” HOUSEHOLDS IN IOWA,  AND 26 IN TEXAS. MY GRANDFATHER PURCHASED ONE OF THE BOOKS. IN THE BOOK WAS “HARRY WILLIAM LINDERMAN”, my maternal grandfather, WHO RESIDED IN HOUSTON, HARRIS COUNTY, TEXAS UNTIL 1995 WHEN HE PASSED AWAY.  

HARRY WAS MARY LINDERMAN’S ONLY GRANDSON, AND GREAT-GRANDSON OF ABRAHAM LINDERMAN OF WINONA, MINNESOTA. HE IS SURVIVED BY HIS DAUGHTERS:  YVONNE PHYLLIS LINDERMAN BURGESS LEVESQUE,  AND JEAN MARIE LINDERMAN FREDERICK MANCILL OF HOUSTON, HARRIS COUNTY, TEXAS. HARRY WAS PRECEDED IN DEATH BY HIS DAUGHTER, YVARRA IRENE LINDERMAN JACKSON WHO PASSED AWAY IN 1985.

History of Palatine Immigration and Ship Passenger Lists

History of the Palatine Immigration to Pennsylvania

as written by Daniel Rupp, 1876

At different periods, various causes and diverse motives induced Germans to abandon their Vaterland. Since 1606, millions have left their homes, the dearest spots on earth, whither the heart always turns. Religious persecution, political oppression drove thousands to Pennsylvania – to the asylum from the harrassed and depressed sons and daughters of the relics of the Reformation, whither William Penn himself invited the persecuted of every creed and religious opinion.

From 1682 to 1776, Pennsylvania was the central point of emigration from Germany, France and Switzerland. Penn’s liberal views, and illiberal course of the government of New York toward the Germans, induced many to come to this Province

The period from 1702 – 1727 marks an era in the early German emigration. Between forty and fifty thousand left their native country “their hearths where soft affections dwell.” The unparalleled ravages and desolations by the troops of Louis XIV under Turenne, were the stern prelude to bloody persecutions. To escape the dreadful sufferings awaiting them, German and other Protestants emigrated to the English colonies in America.

In 1705, a number of German Reformed residing between Wolfenbuttel and Halberstadt, fled to Neuwied, a town of Rhenish Prussia, where they remained some time, and then went to Holland – there embarked, in 1707, for New York. Their frail ship was, by reason of adverse winds, carried into the Delaware bay. Determined, however, to reach the place for which they were destined – to have a home among the Dutch, they took the overland route from Philadelphia to New York. On entering the fertile, charming valley in New Jersey, which is drained by the meandering Musconctcong, the Passaic and their tributaries, and having reached a goodly land, they resolve to remain in what is now known as the German Valley of Morrison county. From this point, the Germans have spread into Somerset, Bergan and Essex couties.

At Elizabethtown, where the first English settlement was made in New Jersey, 1664, there were many Germans prior to 1730. There was also a German settlement at a place known as Hall Mill, which is some thiry miles from Philadelphia.

In 1708 and 1709, thirty three thousand, on an invitation of Queen Anne, left their homes in the Rhine country for London, where some twelve or thirteen thousand arrived in the summer of 1708. There were books and papers dispersed in the Palatinate, with the Queen’s picture on the books, and the title page in letters of gold, which, on that account, were called, ‘The Golden Book’, to encourage the Palatines to come to England, in order to be sent to the Carolinas, or to other of Her Majesty’s colonies, to be settle there. These were, for some time, in a destitute condition – wholly depending upon the charity of the inhabitants of the English metropolis.

In the fall of 1709, one hundred and fifty families, consisting of six hundred and fifty Palatines, were transported, under the tutelar auspices of Christian De Grafferied and Ludwig Michell, natives of Switzerland, to North Carolina. As in all new countries, the Palatines were exposed to trials, privations and hardships incident to border life. One hundred of them were massacred by the Tuskarora Indians, Sept 22, 1707. The descendants of these Germans reside in different parts of the State.

At the time these Palatines left England for North Carolina, the Rev. Joshua Kockerhal, with a small band of his persecuted Lutheran brethren, embarked at London 1708, for New York, where they arrived in December, and shortly therafter he, with his little flock, settled on some lands up the Hudson river, which they had received from the crown of England. Two thousand one hundred acres, granted a patent Dec. 18, 1709. The Queen also bestowed upon Kocherthal five hundred acres as a glebe (transcriber’s note: glebe is a plot of land belonging or yielding profit to an English parish church) for the Lutheran church. Newburg is the place of this settlement.

In the meantime, while those were transported to North Carolina, and to New York, three thousand six hundred Germans were transfered to Ireland; seated upon unimproved lands in the county of Limerick, near Arbela and Adair; others, in the town of Rathkeale, where their descendants still reside, and are known to this day, as German Palatines, preserving their true German character for industry, thrift and honorable dealing. Persons who have lately visited them say, “They are the most wealthy and prosperous farmers in the county of Limerick.” They still speak the German language.

Of the large number that came to England, in 1708 and 1709, seven thousand, after having suffered great privations, returned, half naked and in despondency, to their native country. Ten thousand died for want of sustenance, medical attendance, and from other causes. Some perished on ships. The survivors were transported to English colonies in America. Several thousand had embarked for the Silly Islands, a group south-west of England; but never reached their intended destination.

Ten sails of vessels were freighted with upwards of four thousand Germans for New York. They departed the 25th December, 1709 and after a six months’ tedious voyage reached New York in June, 1710. On the inward passage, and immediately on landing, seventeen hundred died. The survivors were encamped in tents, the had brought with them from England, on Nutting, now Governor’s Island. Here they remained til late in autumn, when about fourteen hundred were removed, one hundred miles up the Hudson river, to Livingston Manor. The widowed women, sickly men and orphaned children remained in New York. The orphans were apprenticed by Governor Hunter, to citizens of New York and of New Jersey.

Thee settled on Hudson river were under indenture to serve Queen Anne as grateful subjects, to manufacture tar and raise hemp, in order to repay the expenses of their transport and cost of subsistence, to the amount of ten thousand pounds sterling, which had been advanced by parliamentary grant. A supply of naval stores from this arrangement, had been confidently anticipated. The experiment proved a complete failure. There was mismanagement.

The Germans, being unjustly oppressed, became dissatisfied both with their treatment, and with their situation. Governor Hunter resorted to violent measures to secure obedience to his demands. In this, too, he failed. One hundred and fifty families, to escape the certainty of famishing, left, in the autumn of 1712, for Schoharie Valley, some sixty miles, northwest of Livingston Manor. They had no open road, no horses to carry or haul their luggage – this they loaded on roughly constructed sleds, and did tug those themselves, through a three feet deep snow, which greatly obstructed their progress – their way was through an unbroken forest, where and when the wind was howling its hibernal dirge through leaf-stripped trees, amid falling snow. It took them three full weeks. Having reached Schoharie, they made improvements upon the lands Queen Anne had granted them. Here they remained about ten years, when owing to some defect in their titles, they were deprived of both lands and improvements. In the spring of 1723, thirty-three families removed and settled in Pennsylvania, in Tulpehocken, some fifteen miles west of Reading. A few years afterward, others followed them.

The other dissatisfied Germans at Schoharie, who did to choose to follow their friends to Pennsylvania sought for and found a future home on the frontier in Mohawk Valley.

Queen Anne, who well understood the policy of England, to retain her own subjects at home, encouraged the emigration of Germans, sent some of those whom she had invited in 1708 and 1709, to Virginia; settled them above the falls of the Rappahannock, in Spotsylvania county, where they commenced a town, called Germanna. The locality was unpropitious. They moved some miles further up the river where they soon drove well. From this settlement they spread into several counties in Virginia, and into North Carolina.

Because of the relentless persecution and oppression in Switzerland, a large body of defenseless Mennonites fled from the Cantons of Zurich; of Bern and Schaffhausen, about the year 1672, and took up their abode in Alsace, above Strasbourg, on the Rhine, where they remained till they emigrated, 1708, to London, thence to Pennsylvania. They lived some time at German town, and in the vicinity of Philadelphia. In 1712, they purchases a large tract of land from Penn’s agents in Pequae, then Chester, now Lancaster county. Here this small colony erected some huts or long cabins, to serve temporarily as shelters.

Here the time and again persecuted and oppressed Swiss, separated from friends and much that makes life agreeable, hoped to unmolested begin anew. Here, surrounded on all sides by severed clans of Indians, they located in the gloomy silent shades of a virgin forest, whose undisturbed solitude was yet uncheered by the murmurs of the honey bee, or the twitterings of the swallow, those never-failing attendants upon the woodman’s axe. For the hum and warblings of those, they had not only the shout and song of the tawny sons of the forest, but also the nocturnal howlings of the over watchful dog baying at the sheeny queen of the night, as she moves stately on, reflecting her burrowed light. By way of variety, their ears were nightly greeted by the shrill, startling whoop of the owl, from some stridulous branches overhanging their cabins, and bending to the breeze of evening, or by the sinister croakings of some doleful night songsters in the continuous thickets.

This Swiss settlement formed the nucleus, or centre of a rapidly increasing Swiss, French and German population, in the Eden of Pennsylvania.

Hereafter, the influent accession from the European continent steadily increased, so much so, as to excite attention, and create no small degree of alarm of the “fearful of the day”.

Scarcely had the Mennonites commenced making their lands arable, when they sent a commissioner, Martin Kendig, to Germany and to Switzerland, to induce others to come to Pennsylvania. He was successful. There were large accessions to this new colony in 1711 and 1717 and a few years later. So great was the influx at this time of Swiss and German immigrants, as to call forth, as already stated, public attention, especially of those in office.

Governor Keith, says the record, “observed to the Board – the Governor’s council – that great numbers of foreigners from Germany, strangers to our language and constitution, having lately been imported into this Province, daily dispensed themselves immediatly after landing, without producing certificates from whence they came or what they are, and, as they seemed to have first landed in Britain, and afterwards to have left without any license from government, or as far as they know, so, in the same manner, they behaved here, without making the least application to him or any of the magistrates. That, as this practice might be of very dangerous consequence, since, by the same method, any number of foreigners, from any nation whatever, enemies as well as friends, might throw themselves upon us.” This was in 1717.

In 1719, Jonathan Dickinson remarked; “We are daily expecting ships from London, which bring over Palatines, in number about six or seven thousand. We had a parcel that came over about five years ago, who purchased land about sixty miles west of Philadelphia, and proved quiet and industrious.”

After 1716, Germans, a few French and Dutch, began to penetrate the forest or wilderness – some twenty, thirty, forty, others from sixty to seventy miles, west and north from the metropolis. Large German settlements had sprung up at different points within the present limits of Montgomery and Berks counties. At Goshenhoppen there was a German Reformed church, organized as early as 1717. Some Mennonites coming from the Netherlands, settled along the Pakilmomink (Perkioming) and Schkipeck (Skippack) a few years later.

The Germans were principally farmers. They depended more upon themselves than upon others. They wielded the mattock, the axe and the maul, and by the power of brawny arms rooted up the grubs, removed saplings, felled the majestic oaks, laid low the towering hickory; prostrated, where they grew, the walnut, poplar, chestnut – cleaved such as suited the purpose, into rails for fences – persevered untiringly until the forest was changed into arable field. They were those of whom Governor Thomas said, 1738: ‘This Province has been for some years the asylum of the distressed Protestants of the Palatinate, and other parts of Germany; and I believe, it may truthfully he said, that the present flourishing condition of it is in a great measure owing to the industry of those people; it is not altogether the fertility of the soil, but the number and industry of the people, that makes a country flourish.’

England understood well the true policy to increase the number of the people in her American colonies – she retained at home her own subjects, encourage the emigration of Germans; by this England was the gainer, without an diminution of her inhabitants.

Unreasonable as it may seen, it was this class of Germans, that were so much feared, “whose numbers from Germany at this rate, would soon produce a German colony here, and perhaps such a one as Britain once received from Saxony in the fifth century.”

In 1719, some twenty families of Selwartzenau Taufer arrived at Philadelphia. Some settle in German town, others located on the Skippack, in Oley.

About 1728 and 1729, the Germans crossed the Susquehanna, located within the present limits of York and Adams county, and made improvements under discouraging circumstances.

The tide of emigration from the continent of Europe was strong. Various influences were brought to bear upon the increase of the influx. In Pennsylvania, the Newlander, tools in the hands of shipowners, merchants and importers, contributed much to induce Germans to leave their homes. There were, besides these, another class, who were active in prevailing upon the inhabitants of Germany to abandon their country for the new world. These two classes, Newlander and speculators, resorted to diverse arts in order to effect their purposes. They gave these, whom they desired to abandon their homes, assurances, endorsed by solemn promises, that the Poet’s Arcadia had at last been found in America. To possess this, in Louisiana, on the banks of the Mississippi, several thousands left Germany in 1715 and 1717, under the leadership of the notorious John Law, who instead of bringing them immediately on their arrival in America, to the promised Eden, on the banks of the Father of the Western Water, landed them on the pontines (transcriber’s note: land bridge) of Biloxi near the Mobile. Here they were exposed, without protection against their many foes, for five years. Not one of them entered the promised paradise. Two thousand were consigned to the grave. The pallid survivors – about three hundred, finally seated on the banks of the Mississippi, 1722, some thirty or forty miles above New Orleans. Law had, through his agents, engaged twelve thousand Germans and Swiss. The sad fate of those of Biloxi was spread abroad, which deterred other from coming to participate in the promised blessings of the Elesyan fields, or to possess the Eldorado.

The three hundred on the Mississippi were very poor for some years. They had been reduced to the most extreme poverty. From these poor but honorable Germans, have spring says Gayarre, some of the most respectable citizens of Louisiana, and some of the wealthiest sugar planters in the State. Their descendants forgot the German language, and have adopted the French; but the name of many clearly indicate the blood coursing in their veins; nevertheless more than one name has been so frenchified as to appear of Gallic parentage. The coast, so poor and beggarly at first, and once known as the German coast, has since become the producer and the receptacle of such wealth, so as to be now know by the appropriate name of Coast of Gold.

In the spring of 1734, some Lutherans, known in history as Saltzburgers, from Saltzburg, a city of Upper Austria, arrived in Georgia. In Europe, they too had been the victims of bloody persecution. They had been driven from their country and their homes, on account of their unswerving attachment to the principles of the Gospel.

This devotedly pious band of Christians was accompanied by their attached pastors, the Rev’d John Martin Boltzius and Israel Christian Gronau, and an excellent schoolmaster, Christian Ortman. The Saltzburgers located in Effingham county and styled their first settlement Ebenezer, to express their unfeigned gratitude to the Lord, who had been to them a storing rock, a house of defence, to save them.

This German colony received accessions from time to time until they reached, prior to 1745, several hundred families. There were also many Germans residing in Savannah; besides some forty of fifty Moravians in the same state under the pastoral care for the Rev. David Nitschliman.

The Moravians made no permanent settlement in Georgia. When the Spanish War broke out, they removed, almost to a man, to the State of Pennsylvania, because it was contrary to their religious faith to take up arms in any cause.

In 1738, some arrived in Pennsylvania and located at Bethlehem. In 1740, those who had remained, left Georgia and joined their brethren in Pennsylvania. This, the mission among the Indians in Georgia, after a promising beginning, was at once suspended.

Before the Moravians came to Pennsylvania, a respectable number of Schwenkfelders and arrived, settling in Bucks and Philadelphia county, now Montgomery, Berks and Lehigh. The Schwenkfelders had intended, before leaving their homes in Europe, to embark for Georgia. They however, changed their minds and established themselves in the asylum for the oppressed, Pennsylvania.

In 1732, Monsieur Jean Pierre Pury of Neuchatel, Switzerland visited Carolina. Being encouraged by the government both of England and Carolina, he undertook to settle a colony of Swiss there. In 1732 one hundred and seventy persons were transported. These were soon followed by others. In a short time the colony consisted of three hundred persons. They settled on the north bank of the Savannah, built a town called Purysburgh, about thirty-six miles above the mouth of the river. The colony still continued to increase. In 1734, Pury brought two hundred and seventy persons more from Switzerland. All those were brought from Switzerland at the expense of Pury and several of his friends, who advanced him money for that purpose, he having spent the greatest part of his fortune in the prosecution of that design before he could bring it to execution. Thee were now nearly six hundred souls in this settlement.

This was done in pursuance of a scheme, proposed by Mr. Pury to the Assembly of South Carolina; his scheme was to propel the southern frontier of Carolina with brave and laborious people, such as the Swiss are known to be. The assembly highly approved of this scheme; to assist him in the execution of it, they passed an act, August 20, 1731, which secured to him a reward of £400, upon his bringing over to Carolina a hundred effective men. In this act the Assembly promised also to find provisions, tools, etc, for three hundred persons for one year. Purysburgh in 1747, contained more than one hundred houses tolerably well built.

In Colleton county, on the north bank of North Ediston river, 12 miles from its mouth, stands Wilton, or New London, consisting of 80 houses built by Swiss under the direction of Zuberbhuler, with leave from the Assembly. This town proved detrimental to Purysburgh, being in the heart of the county and near the capital; it drew people thither, who did not care to go to Purysburgh.

From 1740-1755, a great many Palatines were sent to South Carolina, They settled Orangeburg, Cougaree and Wateree. In 1765, upwards of six hundred from the Palatine and Swabia were sent over from London and had a township of land set apart for them.

In 1739, a number of Lutherans and German Reformed purchased a tract of land from General Waldo, and laid out the town Waldoborough, in Lincoln county, Maine. Bremen, a village in the same county, and Frankfort, in Waldo county, were undoubtedly laid out, or settled by Germans, as the names would indicate. During the Spanish and French War, in 1746, Waldoborough was laid in ashes by some Canadian Indians. Some of the inhabitants were massacred, others abducted. Not a few died from the ill-treatment received at the hands of the savages – some made their escape, and were dispersed in Canada. Waldoborough remained in ruins until 1750. In 1751, invited by those in authority, thirty German families, and in 1752, fifteen hundred individuals from Europe, persons of means, settled in Maine.

King George II of Great Britain, held out strong inducements, through very liberal promises, to all who would emigrate into, and settle Nova Scotia, when a considerable body of German, principally Hanoverians, left their country, embarked for America, landed at Chebucto Bay, near Halifax, the capital of Nova Scotia, where fourteen hundred and fifty-three re-embarked and landed at Marliguish, on the 7th of june, 1753. Here they laid out the flourishing town of Lundenburg. Here they were doomed to experience the same resistance from the natives which the colonists at Halifax had met with, in settling the Peninsula; and the early history of the place contains little else than a constant succession of struggles with the savages in which, notwithstanding the powerful protection they received from the government, they lost many lives. Their attempts at agriculture were therefore restricted within a very narrow compass, and the settlement of the adjoining country was retarded until the French power and influence in Nova Scotia were subdued.

From 1735, settlements in Pennsylvania multiplied rapidly; extended over vast regions, west of the Susquehanna, whither the Scotch-Irish had led the way. The German settlement kept pace with the native.

The Kau-ta-tn-chunk (Kittatiny or Blue Mountain) extending from the Delaware hundreds of miles westwards, was not an insurmountable barrier – that they crossed and laid out farms where shortly afterwards they, their wives and children, were exposed to the torch, hatchet and scalping knife of the savages, and their midnight assault and slaughter. Hundreds fell victims to the relentlessly cruel savage, along the Blue Mountains, south and north of them and along the Susquehanna, as far north as Penn’s Creek, from 1754-1763 and even at a later period. Among the massacred were many Germans – more than 300 in all.

Germans massacred, north of the Blue Mountain, within Monroe county, among other were: Guldin, Hoth or Huth, Bomper, Vanaken, Vanflor, Schnell, Hartman, Hage, Brundich, Hellman, Gonderman, Schleich, Muller, Vandelap, Decker, Van Gondie, Brinker. South and north of the same mountain, within the present limits of Northampton, Carbon and Lehigh – more than one hundred were killed. Among them were: Sohn, Klein, Bittenbender, Roth, Schaffer, Ancers, Nitschman, Senseman, Gattermyer, Fabricuius, Schwigert, Leslie, Presser, Depu.

Along the same mountain, within the limits of Berks, Lebanon and Dauphin county – Reichelsdorfer, Gerhart, Neidung, Klug, or Kluck, Linderman, Schott, Craushar, Zeissloff, Wunch, Dieppel, Henly, Spitler, Nocker, Maurer, Boshar, Fell, Kuhlmer, Lang, Trump, Yager, Sechler, Schetterly, Sauter, Geiger, Ditzler, Franz, Schnebele, Mosser, Fincher, Hubler, Marloff, Wolf, Handsche, Weisser, Miess, Lebenguth, Motz, Noah, Windelblech, Zeuchmacher, etc.

Prior to 1770, the wilderness of Pennsylvania was penetrated beyond the Allegheny Mountains. Settlements were effected within the present bounds of Westmoreland and other eastern counties of this state. A number of German families had located on the Monongahela as far up as Redstone, Brownsville, Fayette county. Here settled the Weismans, Pressers, Vervalsons, Delongs, Jungs, Martins, Shutts, Peters, Schwartz, Hutters, Cackeys, Abrahams, and others (the first Germans in Western Pennsylvania, located in Greene county. These were two brothers, the Eckerleins of Ephrata, who left there and settle in the depths of the wilderness in 1745. Prior to 1754, Wendel Braun, and his two sons, and Frederik Waltser, located four miles west of Uniontown.), whom that devoted minister of the cross, the Rev. John Conrad Bucher, visited in Nov 1768.

Palatine Passenger List Index

My Maternal German ancestors were Linderman and Jungs. Johann Jacob Linderman, born in1722 in Baden-Baden, Germany, emigrated on 25 August 1740 from Zweibrucken, Germany to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and he settled in Germantown Township, Pennsylvania in December 1740.  His wife was Catherine McLean. Johann Jacob Linderman served in American Revolutionary War from 1777-1781 in Pennsylania. Johann & Catherine (McLean) Linderman had eleven children together.

Abraham and Mary (Hammel) Linderman, Winona, Minnesota

This is all that’s left of the Linderman’s family headstone with

flower pot on it in 1996


Harry, Mary, and Edward Linderman, Dubuque, Dubuque, Iowa


Mother Mary Hammell Linderman’s headstone.

Woodlawn Cemetery, Winona, Minnesota where the Linderman family plot is located.

Abraham Linderman, was my 3rd. Great Grandfather, and he was born in 1810 in Montgomery, Orange County, New York, USA, and he died 2 Sept. 1893 in Winona, Minnesota, USA. He enlisted in Civil War as Sgt. for the Union. A Yankee soldier. He was born in New York. His ancestors settled in Germantown Twp., Pennsylvania in 1697. His ancestors helped found America. Our Linderman ancestors fought in the American Revolutionary War, the War of 1812, American Civil War. We are proud German descendants of the Linderman family. Abraham Linderman married Mary Hammell in 1833 in New York.

Aunt Lizzie A. Loftus, Old Linderman Home Place, 231 E. Mark St., Winona, MN

They moved to Minnesota in 1856. Their homestead was at 231 E. Mark St, Winona, Minnesota. He and Mary had one child Mary Linderman. Their daughter, Mary Linderman, born 1859, in Bemidji, Minnesota, she never married (it was a deep, dark secret until 1995).

She had one son, Edward Francis (E.F.) Linderman, of Dubuque, Dubuque County, Iowa. She resided with her son, “Edy” and her daughter-in-law, “Gud” Gudrun Ivarra (Lund) Linderman, at 705 W. Third St., Dubuque, Iowa, until her death in 1924. Gudrun Lund emigrated from Norway in 1896. She also died in Dubuque, Iowa in 1924 from complications from gallbladder surgery. In those days, they did not know to use stockings to help prevent blood clots. A blood clot traveled to her brain and she died.

God bless my poor ancestors, they lost so much. Abraham survived the Civil War, and lived until 1884, with his beloved Mary, in the Linderman Home place at 231 E. Mark St., Winona, Minnesota. His wife, Mary (Hammell) Linderman, preceded him in death, in 1884.

Burial: Linderman family plot in Woodlawn Cemetery, Winona, Winona County, Minnesota, USA