CHRISTmas in Bavaria, Germany

BavariaSnowGermanyMy mother’s ancestors were from Obermochel, Pfalz, Bavaria, Germany. They emigrated in1740, and they helped found America. Mother loved the snow and Christmas. Mother you are so loved and missed. I am so grateful that I was blessed with such a wonderful mother, and He allowed me to keep you for 58 years of my life. You only had your mother for 36 years, but I am so grateful that you were able to share your memories of her with me. I was only 9 when she passed and I never got a chance to know her. Enjoy your time with your family in heaven. I hope to be with you and them again.

 Jean Marie (Linderman)Frederick Mancill


Birth: Dec. 3, 1927
Dubuque County
Iowa, USA
Death: Mar. 9, 2012
Brazoria County
Texas, USA 

Jean Marie (Linderman)Frederick Mancill, daughter of (Phylis at birth) Phyllis “Phyl” Eugenia(Palen) Linderman and Harry William Linderman. Her mother died when she was only 36 of Hodgekin’s Disease. She never really got over it, but just had to learn to live with it.Granddaughter of Frank Joseph Palen and Emma Elsie (Claussen) Palen, also of Edward Francis Linderman and Gudrun Ivara (Lund)Linderman of Dubuque, Iowa.First husband LeRoy “Lee” Eugene Frederick. Married 15 November 1947, Liberty, Texas. Divorced 1968. the Frederick homestead was at 1709 Cheston Drive, Jacinto City, Texas 77029.

Six children together: Joseph Lee, Phyllis Jean, Sally Ann, Karl Thomas, Patricia Marie, and Sarah Kay Frederick.
Mother was a very loving and creative woman. She taught me how to sew at 16, she made us a braided rug, she knitted, crocheted, needlepointed, and quilted.

Second husband Louis “Honey Lou” Clifford Mancill. Married 5 December 1968, Houston, Texas. The Mancill homestead was at 11039 Lafferty Oaks St, Houston, Texas.

My Mother and Dad made our house a home. We celebrated many a birthday, and all holidays at this home, at 11039 Lafferty Oaks St., in Houston, Texas.

He preceded her in death. No children of this union. One step son, Michieal Wayne Mancill, who was more like a brother. He was a part of our family.

She was the life of the party. She and my Dad loved music and dancing. Lou sang and played the guitar. She lived, she laughed and she loved. Lou called her his “satan pussycat”, and the “princess and the pea”. She was spoiled by my Dad. They spoiled each other. They were each other’s best friend. They were deeply in love.

Mother passed away at home surrounded with family that loved her. She just drifted off, and the angels came to get her. My consolation was she was not in pain, and not alone, and I was able to be there with her for her last six years of her life.

Mother just passed today, March 9, 2012, in Rosharon, Texas. She left us peacefully to be with Jesus. I am so grateful to have been able to spend the last six years living together with Mother. I am grateful that I was not working, so that I had the time to care for her. My sister, Phyllis and me took care of her at home just like she had wanted. We got to be even closer than ever.

She was blessed with a good life, and a good family. She really was always there with all of us six children, up until the last week of her life. She fell on Monday, and we think she had a mini stroke, she never was able to speak clearly after that. She passed away on Friday afternoon, in her sleep.

Mother left us just like she wanted to. She had dignity and respect from all who knew her. Everyone who knew her loved her. She was a very giving person, and always was there for her six children. Our family was a very loving, close-knit family.

Burial followed at the same Oaklawn Cemetery, where Aunt Yvonne Linderman (Levesque), Uncle Kenneth Jackson, and Aunt Yvarra “Billie” Linderman (Jackson) are buried.
Mother’s viewing was held on Monday, March 12, 2012 from 4-9pm. The funeral services were on Tuesday, March 13, 2012 @11am @ Oaklawn Cemetery Pavilion, on Hwy. 36 in Somerville, TX. location at:, Strickland Funeral Home at 545 8th Street, SOMERVILLE, TEXAS 77879, (979)596-2133.

Family links:
Harry William Linderman (1903 – 1995)
Phyllis Eugenia Palen Linderman (1904 – 1963)

Leroy Eugene Frederick (1926 – 2006)
Louis Clifford Mancill (1924 – 2002)

Yvonne Phyllis Linderman Levesque (1924 – 2010)
Yvarra Irene Linderman Jackson (1925 – 1985)
Jean Marie Linderman Mancill (1927 – 2012)
Patricia Mae Linderman Cooke (1929 – 2000)


Oaklawn Cemetery
Burleson County
Texas, USA 
Created by: TEXAS TUDORS
Record added: Mar 10, 2012
Find A Grave Memorial# 86532980


Jean Marie Jeanie <i>Linderman</i> Mancill Added by: TEXAS TUDORS
Jean Marie Jeanie <i>Linderman</i> Mancill Added by: TEXAS TUDORS

Jean Marie Jeanie <i>Linderman</i> Mancill.

Jean Marie (Linderman)Frederick and Leroy Eugene Frederick. Married 15 November 1947, Liberty, TX.

Jean Marie Linderman Frederick and Leroy Eugene Frederick, Married 15 November 1947, Liberty, TexasJean Marie Jeanie <i>Linderman</i> MancillJean Marie Jeanie <i>Linderman</i> Mancill

Jean Marie Jeanie <i>Linderman</i> Mancill

Bavarian Alps, Pfalz, Bavaria, Germany

Christmas in the Bavarian Alps, GermanyBlue Christmas in the Snow

Christmas in Bavarian Alps. Bavaria , formally the Free State of Bavaria , is a state of Germany , located in the southeast of Germany. With an area of, it is the largest state by area, forming almost 20% of the total land area of Germany. Bavaria is Germany’s second most populous state (after North Rhine-Westphalia ), with 12.5 million inhabitants, more than any of the three sovereign nations on its borders. Bavaria’s capital and largest city is Munich , the third largest city in Germany.

One of the oldest states of Europe, it was established as a duchy in the mid first millennium . In the 17th century, the Duke of Bavaria became a Prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire . The Kingdom of Bavaria existed from 1806 to 1918, and Bavaria has since been a free state (republic ). Modern Bavaria thus includes parts of the historical regions of Franconia and Swabia) .

Germany~Culture, Cuisine, and Places of Germany


More PowerPoint presentations from Anurag

I did not know that the National Tree of Germany is the Oak Tree. Mother loved the Oak Tree. I have always loved nature, and trees. I  have done the Family Trees for our family. I love history and family genealogy.

oak tree in the summer
oak tree in the summer (Photo credit: Tom-Riddle)

Christmas in Germany

Advent (Photo credit: el_staplador)
Advent banner, 5911-5916
Advent banner, 5911-5916 (Photo credit: Light from Light)
Christmas tree
Christmas tree (Photo credit: Wikipedia)


Holly Belsnickel CHRISTmas Santa

Blue Christmas in the Snow

Christmas Trees are very important in Germany. They were first used in Germany during the Middle Ages. If there are young children in the house, the trees are usually secretly decorated by the Mother of the family. The Christmas tree was traditionally brought into the house on Christmas eve, and during that evening the family would read the Bible and sing Christmas songs such as O Tannenbaum, Ihr Kinderlein Kommet and Stille Nacht (Slient Night).

Sometimes wooden frames, covered with coloured plastic sheets and with electric candles inside, are put in windows to make the house look pretty from the outside.

Christmas Eve is the main day when Germans exchange presents with their families.

In German Merry Christmas is ‘Frohe Weihnacht’. 

A big part of the Christmas celebrations in Germany is Advent. Several different types of Advent calendars are used in German homes. As well as the traditional one made of card that is used in many countries, there are ones made out of a wreath of Fir tree branches with 24 decorated boxes or bags hanging from it. Each box or bag has a little present in it. Another type is called a ‘Advent Kranz’ and is a ring of fir branches that has four candles on it. This is like the Advent candles that are sometimes used in Churches. One candle is lit at the beginning at each week of Advent.

Germany is well known for its Christmas Markets where all sorts of Christmas foods and decorations are sold. Perhaps the most famous German decorations are glass ornaments. The glass ornaments were originally hand blown glass and were imported in the USA in 1880s by the Woolworth stores. The legend of the glass ‘Christmas Pickle‘ is famous in the USA, but it’s that, a legend. Most people in Germany have never heard of the Christmas Pickle!

In some parts of Germany, children write to the ‘Christkind‘ (‘The Christ Child’ in English) asking for presents. The letters to the Christkind are decorated with sugar glued to the envelope to make them sparkly and attractive to look at. Children leave the letters on the windowsill at the beginning of or during Advent.

The Christkind is often described as a young girl with ‘Christ like’ qualities. In Nürnberg a young girl is chosen every year to participate in a parade as the Christkind. She wears a long white and gold dress, has long blond curly hair and wears a gold crown and sometimes wings like an angel. This is similar to St Lucia is Sweden. (And it can seem a bit confusing calling the ‘Christ Child’, Jesus, a girl!)

The Nürnberg Christkind officially opens the Christmas market on the Friday before Advent starts. And before Christmas she has over 150 ‘official duties’ including visiting hospitals, old people’s homes and children’s nurseries! She also has to give TV interviews and visit other cities.

Santa Claus or Father Christmas (der Weihnachtsmann) brings the presents on December 24th. December 6th is St. Nicholas‘ Day and “der Nikolaus” brings some small gifts, such as sweets and chocolate, to the children. He comes in the night between the 5th and the 6th and puts the presents into the shoes of the children, who usually place them by their doors on the previous evening. In some regions of Germany, there is a character called “Knecht Ruprecht” or “Krampus” who accompanies Nikolaus (St. Nicholas) on the 6th of December. He is big horned monster clothed in rags and carries a birch. He will punish the children who were bad and will give them a birch as a present. He is usually the one who scares the little children. In other parts of Germany, St. Nicholas is followed by a small person called “Schwarz Peter” (Black Peter) who carries a small whip. Black Peter also accompanies St. Nicholas or Sinterklaas in Holland. In north west Germany Santa is joined by Belsnickel a man dressed all in fur.

Some people say that Santa/Father Christmas (Weihnachtsmann) brings the presents and some say it is Christkind!

At small work places and school parties, secret presents are often exchanged. A door is opened just wide enough for small presents to be thrown into the room. The presents are then passed around among the people until each person has the correct present! It is thought to be bad luck to find out who sent each present.

Another tradition is the Sternsinger (or star singers) who go from house to house, sing a song and collect money for charity (this is a predominantly Catholic tradition). They are four children, three who dress up like the Wise men and one carries a star on a stick as a symbol for the Star of Bethlehem. When they’re finished singing, they write a signature with chalk over the door of the house. The sign is written in a special way, so Christmas 2012 would be: 20*C*M*B*12. It is considered to be bad luck to wash the sign away – it has to fade by itself. It has usually faded by the 6th of January (Epiphany). The Sternsingers visit houses between December 27th and January 6th.

Carp or Goose are often served for the main Christmas meal. Stollen is a popular fruited yeast bread that is eaten at Christmas. Here is a recipe for Stollen.

Thank you to Céline Krimmel for her help in giving me information on Christmas in Germany!

Nederlands: Sinterklaas tijdens het Het Feest ...
Nederlands: Sinterklaas tijdens het Het Feest van Sinterklaas (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Pennsylvania German~~~Christmas Traditions

Nederlands: Sinterklaas tijdens het Het Feest ...

Pennsylvania German Christmas Traditions

The mosaic of ethnic backgrounds present in Amish Country have resulted in a rich tapestry of Old and New World Christmas customs. Many of the most interesting traditions are unique to our Pennsylvania German heritage.


Candles, of course, have always been a part of Christmas celebrations. In Old World Germany, Martin Luther is credited as being the first person to put candles on a tree, “to represent the glory and beauty of the stars above Bethlehem.” In Ireland, the old custom was to “leave a candle burning in the window to light the way for the Christ Child on Christmas Eve.” It is interesting to note the old tradition in Europe of “illumination,” whereby the birthday of a prince was celebrated by putting candles in the windows.

In the Windows

Visitors to Amish Country notice that we often have candles in our windows all year, not just during the holiday season. The year-round practice apparently started several years ago when a local tourist home left its Christmas candles in the windows as a sign of welcome. The idea seemed to catch on, as people found it attractive, especially in older homes. So now this nostalgic, warm look can be enjoyed by Lancastrians and visitors at any time of the year.

The Star

The Moravian religious community that settled in Lititz has preserved for us two particularly unique Christmas customs, the Moravian Star and the Christmas Putz.

The beautiful 26-point Moravian Star has long been identified with Advent and Christmas. The star originated in the Moravian school handcraft sessions in Niesky, Germany, in the mid-1800’s. The simple 26-point version is quite common, seen hanging and lighted at night on porches in Lititz. Many people are surprised to learn that the first Moravian Star was red and white, not the lovely soft white color usually seen today.

The Moravian Church in Lititz may be the only place in America where you can see a spectacular 110-point star. While the 110-point star is rarely seen here, the design was obtained from Germany, reproduced in Lititz, and first hung in the church in 1980.

The “Putz”

Nativity scenes are popular at Christmas, and the “putz” is the Pennsylvania Dutch interpretation of the crèche. Related to the old medieval mystery plays, the putz may have originated to help children better appreciate the Christmas story. The word “putz” is from the German “putzen” for “to decorate, especially to adorn a church.”

Originally, the putz consisted of wooden, clay, or tin figures arranged to depict the Nativity. There were other groupings displayed besides the Nativity scene, such as the Holy Family, the Annunciation, the shepherds in the hills, the three kings, and the flight to Egypt.

Today the making of the putz can be a family project. Decisions must be made on the background, which may involve live plants and paper painted to simulate rocks. There may be stars in the sky and angels suspended with black thread. The middle and foreground include the manger scene, often a cave, figures, animals, moss, and occasionally running water. “The aim is to depict a rolling countryside, a hillside town, and a lonely stable.”

The putz can become an elaborate display, centering on the birth of Christ, but bringing in many other themes. These added figures are usually religious, such as Sir Galahad searching for the Holy Grail, or a scene of the conversion of the Indians. Some include the use of electricity, music, and narration. But the “Putz” is not to be garish, the traditional end result should “evoke a hush of silent contemplation.”


Our modern Santa Claus, of course, evolved over many centuries to what he is today. December 6th was St. Nicholas Day in Catholic countries of Europe, and the Rhineland area became the center of a St. Nicholas cult. With the Reformation these saints days disappeared, and Protestants changed the focus to Christmas Eve and the arrival of Beltznickel (Belsnickel).

He was a figure to be feared, wearing a hat, wig, and long, heavy coat. In addition to his bag of goodies, he could also carry a switch to “punish” naughty children. In the old tradition, this figure could visit at any time during Advent, arriving with ringing sleigh bells and gifts of nuts, candies, and fruits for the children. John Joseph Stoudt describes the old tradition as follows…

He throws the gifts on the floor, demanding a “piece” performed by the children. They have prepared for this for months, and they say a poem or sing a song. He remains stern, with grim, forbidding countenance. When Beltznickel’s whip rattled the windows. the children were frightened and he was a creature to be feared. Sunday School Festivals in the Pennsylvania Dutch countryside continue this tradition of saying a “piece” for him, even though he may not show up.

In 1822, Clement C. Moore’s verses for “A Visit from St. Nicholas,” better known today as “The Night Before Christmas,” presented the fat, jolly man arriving from the skies. In 1862, famed illustrator Thomas Nast gave him further touches, and by 1886 Santa Claus had basically become the character we know today. “Santa Claus” seems to have come from the New York Dutch settlers’ “Sinter Klaus,” or St. Nicholas.

Indeed, even “Kriss Kringles” really comes form the German for Christ Child (Christ- Kindel). In the 1800’s, children were told it was the Christ Child who brought gifts for them at Christmas. Children left baskets of hay for His mule at the door on Christmas Eve. Apparently many Pennsylvania Germans were displeased as the name and identity changed to become associated with Santa Claus.

The Tree

Finally, let us return to the Christmas tree and its German beginnings. While it is doubtful Luther started the custom …

It was among Lutherans that the tree first became a Christmas tradition. The earliest written record of a fully decorated Christmas tree dates from 1605, when a citizen of Strasbourg wrote that “at Christmas they set up fir trees in the parlors and hang upon them roses cut from many-colored paper, apples, wafers, gilt-sugar, sweets, etc.”

These Old World Germans decorated their tree “with stars, angels, toys, gilded nuts, and candies wrapped in bright papers. Later they added tinsel and lighted candles.”

It is claimed that the first known written mention of a Christmas tree in America is found in the 1821 diary of Matthew Zahn, a Lancastrian! Undoubtedly, the Christmas tree tradition was brought to America by the German settlers, and trees were fairly common by the 1820’s. It may very well be that Lancaster is the home of the Christmas tree in America!

Our Heritage

Regardless of your feelings concerning Christmas celebrations today, it is clear we owe a great deal to the Pennsylvania Germans who brought their customs to the New World. In understanding this heritage, perhaps we can better appreciate the real meanings and history behind the symbols and modern images so prevalent today.

Amish Country News Cover Article by Brad Igou (Winter 1998)

English: Santa Claus as illustrated in , v. 52...
English: Santa Claus as illustrated in , v. 52, no. 1344 (December 3 1902), cover. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Norwegian Christmas

Lund, Jansen, Knudsen Genealogy

Norwegian Christmas Christkindl

Norwegian Christmas Traditions and Food

Juletid (Christmas time) is a celebration of traditions and family in Norway. With the fall of winter snow and the wonderful displays of Northern Lights, Norwegians sit round their fire places, dance around the Christmas tree, enjoy rich food and share julefryd (Christmas cheer) with family, friends and in their communities. At this special time of year we are happy to share the Norwegian Christmas with you. We hope you will celebrate with us by having a little bit of Norway in your Christmas. source: Norwegian Christmas Traditions and Food

Norwegian Christmas Scene

Christmas Food and Recipes

Boller (Conventional Recipe) (post) Christmas Treats Lutefisk (post) Pepperkaker (Gingerbread)LussekatterPinnekjøtt (post) Christmas Ribbe (post) Norwegian Roast Rib (post) Smultringer (post) GløggKakao – Home-made Hot Chocolate Julekake or Julebrød (post) Home-made Julebrød (post) Julebrød Farmor’s Pepperkaker (post) Gravy for Christmas (post) Kransekaker Recipe (post) Pepperkake Christmas Tree (post) Family Dinners at…

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St. Nicholas, Santa Claus and German Christkindl

St. Nicholas, Santa Claus and German Christkindl

Christine Bude Nyholm

Several years ago I saw a delightful sight in Baden-Baden in southern Germany. It was December 6, so the Christmas season was in full swing. The Christkindl Market was in town and the mood was merry. It was a rainy, dreary evening as I walked from the public spa to the hotel. Chilled and anxious to get to the warmth of the hotel room, I was surprised to see a crowd gathered in the rain, looking upward. I followed the direction of their gaze and saw St. Nicholas perched on the second floor ledge of a corner building. He appeared to have stepped out onto the ledge through a window.He wasn’t going to jump. St. Nicholas was entertaining the crowd. As I recall, he was a tall, thin gentleman, wearing a long red coat and a long white beard. St. Nicholas Day was not a day that we observed in my family, but I had heard of the tradition. I surmised that this was St. Nick who filled children’s shoes with candy.

St. Nicholas was playful as he looked down on the crowd, making a striking figure. Soon two of his helpers stepped out on the ledge and stood beside him.

It was a delightful scenario and it left me wondering about the difference between St. Nicholas and Santa Claus. Here is what I found.

St. NIcholas & Santa Claus

St. Nicholas is a saint of the Catholic Religion. Although he is related to Santa Claus in appearance and function, there are important differences. Santa Claus is a secular figure who gives gifts on Christmas Eve on Christmas Day.

According to The History of Santa Claus on the website, The North Pole, St. Nicholas ws the patron saint of children and seafarers. In the Protestant areas of northern and central Germany, St. Nicholas later became known as der Weinachtsmass. In England he became known as Father Christmas. He made his way to the United States with Dutch immigrants, where Sinter Klaas become Santa Claus.

Religious Reform, Martin Luther and Christkindl

Religious reformer, Martin Luther, the father of the Protestant religion, is credited with starting the custom of giving gifts to children on Christmas Day. The gifts were supposed to be from the Christ Child, called Christkindl. Christkindl appeared much like an angel, wearing while robes and a golden crown. According to legend, Luther started to tradition of giving gifts on Christmas as a substitute for the Catholic saint day of December 6.

Germany has a facinating history in the Christian Faith. Catholicism was the state religion until the 1500’s, when the advent of the Protestant Reformation shook the world. Martin Luther translated the Latin Bible into German, meaning that the common literate man was able to read the Word of God for the first time.

Luther was not the first reformer to translate the Holy Bible. A century before Luther’s Day, Jan Hus translated the Bible into Czechoslovakian. Hus was a priest who was branded a heretic and burned a the stake in Constance in Southern Germany.

Historians know that the battle between Catholic and Protestant was a bloody one, as Catholics fought to maintain control and Reformers fought for the right to worship by reading a bible in the common language. There is an excellent movie about this subject, by the name of Luther, produced in 2003.

St. Nicholas, Santa Claus and Christkindl

Through the years, the traditions seemed to have merged, with the Santa Claus, appearing much like St. Nicholas, the bearer of gifts on Christmas Day.

Today the battles are forgotten by many. St. Nicholas, Christkindl and Santa Claus are all characters that are recognized as symbols of Christmas in Germany, and in other countries.

Christian Faith and Christmas

The Christian faith is based upon the belief that God came to earth and a tiny infant who grew to be a man who created the bridge too salvation. That is the real reason to celebrate Christmas.

Merry Christmas!

Christmas Markets in Germany

Booths offer traditional Thuringian handcrafts and sweets and a big Ferris wheel stand at the Christmas Fair during heavy rain in front of the Mariendom (Cathedral of Mary), center left, and St. Severi’s Church, right, in Erfurt, central Germany, Wednesday, Nov. 28, 2012. The Erfurt Christmas Market is one of the most beautiful Christmas Markets in Germany. The square is decorated with a huge, candle-lit Christmas tree and a large, hand-carved nativity scene. (AP Photo/Jens Meyer)