Rhineland-Palatinate and Bavaria

Hintersee, lake near Ramsau in Bavaria, Germany
Hintersee, lake near Ramsau in Bavaria, Germany (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Coat of arms of Free State of Bavaria
Coat of arms of Free State of Bavaria (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Bavaria is known as Bayern in the Germany. Bavaria is a State (Bundesland) within the Federal Republic of Germany, but it actually calls itself a Free State (Freistaat) based on its history.

Bavaria today is divided into 7 relatively large districts (Regierungsbezirke – see maps):

Bavaria has 71 Landkreise (like our United States counties). There are 373 Gemeinden (like our United States townships). In addition, there are 23 Städte (cities). Each Gemeinde or Stadt is a local administrative division. They also have  plus Kreisfrei Städte (big cities that are administered at a level similar to the county level). 

The southern part of what is today the German State of Rheinland-Pfalz was actually once part Bavaria. Historically, this area has been known as as the “Rheinpfalz“, “Rhennish Pfalz”, “Rheinbayern” or “Palatinate” region. However, it is no longer a part of modern Bavaria.

 The Palatinate (Germandie PfalzPfälzer dialectPalz), historically also Rhenish Palatinate (GermanRheinpfalz), is a region in Southwestern Germany. It occupies more than a quarter of the German federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz). Historically in union with Bavaria, the Palatinate covers an area of 5,451 square kilometres (2,105 sq mi) with about 1.4m inhabitants.

Coats of arms of the former Bavarian Kreis Rhe...

Bavaria

europe_1740Neuschwanstein-Castle-Bavaria-GermanyCastle~GermanyDubuque, Iowa

My maternal grandparents, Harry William Linderman and Phyllis Eugenia (Palen) Linderman in 1930’s, Dubuque, Iowa.

davidseurope

BAVARIA     BAYERN.

Land in south eastern Germany, and former Duchy, Electorate and Kingdom, and one of the longest lasting political units in European history, though its borders have changed.

The present Land of Bavaria (Bayern) stretches northwards from the Allgäuer, Bayerischer and Salzburger Alps to lands beyond the River Main.   In the northwestern corner is the city of Aschaffenburg on the River Main;  in the northeast are the upper waters of the Rivers Saale and Eger (Ohøe in Czech), which are tributaries of the Elbe and so flow to the North Sea;  in the southeast are the Alps around Berchtesgaden;  in the southwest Bavaria has some miles of shore on Lake Constance (Bodensee), the lake through which the Rhine flows.

The rains that fall on the greater part of the Land however flow not to the North but to the Black Sea.   The Danube flows across…

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Bavarian Alps, Pfalz, Bavaria, Germany

Christmas in the Bavarian Alps, GermanyBlue Christmas in the Snow

Christmas in Bavarian Alps. Bavaria , formally the Free State of Bavaria , is a state of Germany , located in the southeast of Germany. With an area of, it is the largest state by area, forming almost 20% of the total land area of Germany. Bavaria is Germany’s second most populous state (after North Rhine-Westphalia ), with 12.5 million inhabitants, more than any of the three sovereign nations on its borders. Bavaria’s capital and largest city is Munich , the third largest city in Germany.

One of the oldest states of Europe, it was established as a duchy in the mid first millennium . In the 17th century, the Duke of Bavaria became a Prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire . The Kingdom of Bavaria existed from 1806 to 1918, and Bavaria has since been a free state (republic ). Modern Bavaria thus includes parts of the historical regions of Franconia and Swabia) .

Neuschwanstein Castle in Bavaria, Germany

Dining room, Neuschwanstein Castle, Upper Bava...
Dining room, Neuschwanstein Castle, Upper Bavaria, Germany. Photograph by Joseph Albert 1886, postcard published ca. between 1890 and 1900. Detroit Publishing Co. print no. 17483. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Throne room, Neuschwanstein Castle, Upper Bava...
Throne room, Neuschwanstein Castle, Upper Bavaria, Germany. Photograph by Joseph Albert 1886, postcard published ca. between 1890 and 1900. Detroit Publishing Co. print no. 17479. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Pictures of the Tristan story, bedroom, Neusch...
Pictures of the Tristan story, bedroom, Neuschwanstein Castle, Upper Bavaria, Germany. Photograph by Joseph Albert 1886, postcard published ca. between 1890 and 1900. Detroit Publishing Co. print no. 17482. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
ludwig in kelheim
ludwig in kelheim (Photo credit: pardonreeds)
King Ludwig II. of Bavaria, Photo by Joseph Al...
King Ludwig II. of Bavaria, Photo by Joseph Albert (1825-1886), 1886. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Neuschwanstein Castle
Neuschwanstein Castle (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
English: Neuschwanstein Castle, Bavaria, Germa...
English: Neuschwanstein Castle, Bavaria, Germany; before the thunderstorm (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
English: photograph of King Ludwig II of Bavaria
English: photograph of King Ludwig II of Bavaria (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
English: The Castle Neuschwanstein - Bavaria/G...
English: The Castle Neuschwanstein – Bavaria/Germany Deutsch: Schloss Neuschwanstein (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Schloss_Neuschwanstein
Schloss_Neuschwanstein (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Neuschwanstein Castle, Bavaria, Germany
Neuschwanstein Castle, Bavaria, Germany (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Neuschwanstein Castle is a famous German castl...
Neuschwanstein Castle is a famous German castle in Schwangau, Bavaria, built by King Ludwig II of Bavaria Polski: Zamek Neuschwanstein to znany zamek w niemieckim Schwangau, Bawaria, wybudowany przez Ludwika II Bawarskiego (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
English: Castle Neuschwanstein Deutsch: Schlos...
English: Castle Neuschwanstein Deutsch: Schloss Neuschwanstein Tiếng Việt: Lâu đài Neuschwanstein (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The magnificent Neuschwanstein Castle in Bavaria, to remember the story of Ludwig II and his desire to build a castle that would be remembered forever.

Castle~Germany

Neuschwanstein Castle (German: Schloss Neuschwanstein) is without question one of the most beautiful castles in world. Built in the 19th century, this Neo-Romanesque masterpiece was commissioned by Ludwig II, King of Bavaria.Ludwig II was fascinated by sagas and fantasies. Many of the castle’s rooms and decor pay homage to the legend of the Knight of the Swan, a medieval tale that inspired the opera Lohengrin by one of Ludwig’s friends, the great German composer Richard Wagner.As time passed by, Ludwig II started to lead the life of a recluse inside the castle. With time he identified himself with Percival (German: Parzival), a legendary medieval figure who became the “Grail King” in honor of his purity and faith. This made Ludwig redesign the “Audience Room” and turn it into the Grail Hall, a sumptuous monument to kingship and the divine right of kings.However Ludwig’s constant desire to make the castle even more luxurious left him with a great number of debts. Finally in 1885, foreign banks threatened to seize his property, a situation to which Ludwig refused to react rationally. This in return took the Government to declare Ludwig insane and intern him in Castle Berg near Munich on 12 June 1886.

The next day, after Ludwig had gone for a walk with his psychiatrist Dr. Gudden, he was found drowned under mysterious circumstances in Lake Starnberg. He was together with Dr. Gudden and no one reported to have seen or heard anything. After Ludwig’s death, the castle and its entire splendor was opened to the public.

Nowadays,  Neuschwanstein Castle, meaning “New Swan Stone” Castle, is the most photographed place in Germany with over 1.3 million visitors each year. The inspiration of Walt Disney’s Sleeping Beauty Castle in Disneyland and a global symbol of the era of Romanticism, this wonderful building and the story of Ludwig’s life are sure to remain in the hearts of people for a very long time.

Neuschwanstein-Castle-Bavaria-Germany

Castle Neuschwanstein at Schwangau, Bavaria, G...
Castle Neuschwanstein at Schwangau, Bavaria, Germany (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
The Neuschwanstein castle.
The Neuschwanstein castle. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 
Schloss Neuschwanstein, Dvorac Neuschwanstein, Ludwig II, king of Bavaria, Ludwig von Beethoven: Romanca For Violin&Orchestra Op.50
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Uploaded on Sep 16, 2011

King Ludwig the Second (1845-1886) was known as the ‘Mad Monarch of Bavaria’ but left in his passing a series of fantastic castles that are visited by over 3 million people a year and recognized the world over. This is the unusual story of an ill-fated King and his tragic end, his strange relationship to the composer Richard Wagner and a first-hand visit to his famous creations. I also hoped to illustrate how the lush musical selections of Wagner conveying the beauty of the Bavarian mountains and countryside helped to shape the majestic fantasies of King Ludwig. Hosted by Munich’s own Octoberfest Queen, Ms. Brigitte Viez with observations, video and photography by Bruce Blank and Charlene Henning.